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The complexity of reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight - The experience from adults with a mobility disability

Holmgren, Marianne LU ; Sandberg, Magnus LU and Ahlström, Gerd LU (2018) In BMC Obesity 5(1).
Abstract

Background: People with a disability affecting their mobility are more likely to be overweight or obese than those without a mobility disability. The guidelines on how to prevent and treat overweight/obese adults in the general population have not been adapted to the needs of people with a mobility disability. A reasonable useful first step in the process of adapting such guidelines is to conduct a qualitative study of the perceived needs of these people. Aim: The aim was to explore the experienced importance of body weight among adults with a mobility disability and their perceived needs and actions to reach and maintain a healthy weight. Method: This was an explorative qualitative study based on individual interviews and qualitative... (More)

Background: People with a disability affecting their mobility are more likely to be overweight or obese than those without a mobility disability. The guidelines on how to prevent and treat overweight/obese adults in the general population have not been adapted to the needs of people with a mobility disability. A reasonable useful first step in the process of adapting such guidelines is to conduct a qualitative study of the perceived needs of these people. Aim: The aim was to explore the experienced importance of body weight among adults with a mobility disability and their perceived needs and actions to reach and maintain a healthy weight. Method: This was an explorative qualitative study based on individual interviews and qualitative content analysis. An inductive analysis of the interviews formed the basis for the establishment of sub-categories, main categories and, finally, a main theme. The twenty participants included in the study have had a mobility disability for more than two years before being recruited. Results: The overall theme, "The complex trajectory to a healthy weight", included four main categories. In the category (i) Vicious circle of problems, the participants perceived that everything was harder with the combination of a mobility disability and being overweight/obese with one factor making the other worse. In (ii) Strategies based on decisions and attempts, the participants talked about different ways of attempting to reach or maintain a healthy weight. In (iii) Internal resources, they spoke of awareness and motivation as contributory factors. In (iv) External resources - experienced and required, they spoke about feelings that their weight problems were not given high priority in primary health care. They found it difficult to get advice designed for persons with a mobility disability and felt that competence was lacking among health professionals. The participants asked for a team of professionals with adequate knowledge concerning mobility disabilities. Conclusions: People with a mobility disability combined with being overweight/obese have a complex living situation and health needs. The experiences communicated by participants may facilitate adaption of existing intervention programs or development of a new evidence-based obesity prevention program for primary health care settings.

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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Mobility disability, Overweight, Prevention, Qualitative research
in
BMC Obesity
volume
5
issue
1
article number
33
publisher
BioMed Central (BMC)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85058965377
  • pmid:30524738
ISSN
2052-9538
DOI
10.1186/s40608-018-0212-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
020bb6f6-325c-4bb4-ae13-8369b4a1d419
date added to LUP
2019-01-03 13:30:39
date last changed
2021-03-31 05:01:25
@article{020bb6f6-325c-4bb4-ae13-8369b4a1d419,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: People with a disability affecting their mobility are more likely to be overweight or obese than those without a mobility disability. The guidelines on how to prevent and treat overweight/obese adults in the general population have not been adapted to the needs of people with a mobility disability. A reasonable useful first step in the process of adapting such guidelines is to conduct a qualitative study of the perceived needs of these people. Aim: The aim was to explore the experienced importance of body weight among adults with a mobility disability and their perceived needs and actions to reach and maintain a healthy weight. Method: This was an explorative qualitative study based on individual interviews and qualitative content analysis. An inductive analysis of the interviews formed the basis for the establishment of sub-categories, main categories and, finally, a main theme. The twenty participants included in the study have had a mobility disability for more than two years before being recruited. Results: The overall theme, "The complex trajectory to a healthy weight", included four main categories. In the category (i) Vicious circle of problems, the participants perceived that everything was harder with the combination of a mobility disability and being overweight/obese with one factor making the other worse. In (ii) Strategies based on decisions and attempts, the participants talked about different ways of attempting to reach or maintain a healthy weight. In (iii) Internal resources, they spoke of awareness and motivation as contributory factors. In (iv) External resources - experienced and required, they spoke about feelings that their weight problems were not given high priority in primary health care. They found it difficult to get advice designed for persons with a mobility disability and felt that competence was lacking among health professionals. The participants asked for a team of professionals with adequate knowledge concerning mobility disabilities. Conclusions: People with a mobility disability combined with being overweight/obese have a complex living situation and health needs. The experiences communicated by participants may facilitate adaption of existing intervention programs or development of a new evidence-based obesity prevention program for primary health care settings.</p>},
  author       = {Holmgren, Marianne and Sandberg, Magnus and Ahlström, Gerd},
  issn         = {2052-9538},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central (BMC)},
  series       = {BMC Obesity},
  title        = {The complexity of reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight - The experience from adults with a mobility disability},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0212-6},
  doi          = {10.1186/s40608-018-0212-6},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2018},
}