Advanced

Organic iron complexes enhance iron transport capacity along estuarine salinity gradients of Baltic estuaries

Herzog, Simon David LU ; Persson, Per LU ; Kvashnina, Kristina and Sofia Kritzberg, Emma LU (2020) In Biogeosciences 17(2). p.331-344
Abstract

Rivers discharge a notable amount of dissolved Fe (1:5×109 mol yr-1) to coastal waters but are still not considered important sources of bioavailable Fe to open marine waters. The reason is that the vast majority of particular and dissolved riverine Fe is considered to be lost to the sediment due to aggregation during estuarine mixing. Recently, however, several studies demonstrated relatively high stability of riverine Fe to salinity-induced aggregation, and it has been proposed that organically complexed Fe (Fe-OM) can "survive" the salinity gradient, while Fe (oxy)hydroxides are more prone to aggregation and selectively removed. In this study, we directly identified, by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the... (More)

Rivers discharge a notable amount of dissolved Fe (1:5×109 mol yr-1) to coastal waters but are still not considered important sources of bioavailable Fe to open marine waters. The reason is that the vast majority of particular and dissolved riverine Fe is considered to be lost to the sediment due to aggregation during estuarine mixing. Recently, however, several studies demonstrated relatively high stability of riverine Fe to salinity-induced aggregation, and it has been proposed that organically complexed Fe (Fe-OM) can "survive" the salinity gradient, while Fe (oxy)hydroxides are more prone to aggregation and selectively removed. In this study, we directly identified, by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the occurrence of these two Fe phases across eight boreal rivers draining into the Baltic Sea and confirmed a significant but variable contribution of Fe-OM in relation to Fe (oxy)hydroxides among river mouths. We further found that Fe-OM was more prevalent at high flow conditions in spring than at low flow conditions during autumn and that Fe-OM was more dominant upstream in a catchment than at the river mouth. The stability of Fe to increasing salinity, as assessed by artificial mixing experiments, correlated well to the relative contribution of Fe-OM, confirming that organic complexes promote Fe transport capacity. This study suggests that boreal rivers may provide significant amounts of potentially bioavailable Fe beyond the estuary, due to organic matter complexes.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biogeosciences
volume
17
issue
2
pages
14 pages
publisher
Copernicus Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85078406653
ISSN
1726-4170
DOI
10.5194/bg-17-331-2020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
02381b36-2391-4a58-9116-a98b65a87f3f
date added to LUP
2020-02-07 13:10:21
date last changed
2020-02-12 10:21:02
@article{02381b36-2391-4a58-9116-a98b65a87f3f,
  abstract     = {<p>Rivers discharge a notable amount of dissolved Fe (1:5×10<sup>9</sup> mol yr<sup>-1</sup>) to coastal waters but are still not considered important sources of bioavailable Fe to open marine waters. The reason is that the vast majority of particular and dissolved riverine Fe is considered to be lost to the sediment due to aggregation during estuarine mixing. Recently, however, several studies demonstrated relatively high stability of riverine Fe to salinity-induced aggregation, and it has been proposed that organically complexed Fe (Fe-OM) can "survive" the salinity gradient, while Fe (oxy)hydroxides are more prone to aggregation and selectively removed. In this study, we directly identified, by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the occurrence of these two Fe phases across eight boreal rivers draining into the Baltic Sea and confirmed a significant but variable contribution of Fe-OM in relation to Fe (oxy)hydroxides among river mouths. We further found that Fe-OM was more prevalent at high flow conditions in spring than at low flow conditions during autumn and that Fe-OM was more dominant upstream in a catchment than at the river mouth. The stability of Fe to increasing salinity, as assessed by artificial mixing experiments, correlated well to the relative contribution of Fe-OM, confirming that organic complexes promote Fe transport capacity. This study suggests that boreal rivers may provide significant amounts of potentially bioavailable Fe beyond the estuary, due to organic matter complexes.</p>},
  author       = {Herzog, Simon David and Persson, Per and Kvashnina, Kristina and Sofia Kritzberg, Emma},
  issn         = {1726-4170},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {331--344},
  publisher    = {Copernicus Publications},
  series       = {Biogeosciences},
  title        = {Organic iron complexes enhance iron transport capacity along estuarine salinity gradients of Baltic estuaries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-17-331-2020},
  doi          = {10.5194/bg-17-331-2020},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2020},
}