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Cadmium and lead levels in blood and arsenic levels in urine among schoolchildren living in contaminated glassworks areas, Sweden

Mattisson, Kristoffer LU ; Tekavec, Eva LU ; Lundh, Thomas LU and Stroh, Emilie LU (2020) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(20). p.1-12
Abstract

The Kingdom of Crystal, an area in southern Sweden famous for its many glassworks, is historically heavily burdened by pollution from this industry. Glass crust containing cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and arsenic (As) has been deposited around the area and used as filling. The purpose of this study was to monitor whether the high levels of metals in the contaminated soil were reflected in blood and urine among school children in this area. Blood and urine samples were collected from 87 children in 2017. The levels of cadmium (Cd-B) and lead (Pb-B) found in blood were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The speciation of As in urine (As-U) was performed by ion chromatography. The geometric mean of Cd-B and... (More)

The Kingdom of Crystal, an area in southern Sweden famous for its many glassworks, is historically heavily burdened by pollution from this industry. Glass crust containing cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and arsenic (As) has been deposited around the area and used as filling. The purpose of this study was to monitor whether the high levels of metals in the contaminated soil were reflected in blood and urine among school children in this area. Blood and urine samples were collected from 87 children in 2017. The levels of cadmium (Cd-B) and lead (Pb-B) found in blood were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The speciation of As in urine (As-U) was performed by ion chromatography. The geometric mean of Cd-B and Pb-B among the children were 0.09 μg/L and 9.9 μg/L respectively. The geometric mean of inorganic As (AsIII and AsV) with metabolites in urine was 6.1 μg/L and 6.94 μg/g creatinine. Children in the study area had blood levels of Pb and Cd that correspond to levels generally found in Swedish children. The levels of inorganic As and its metabolites in urine were low and in the same magnitude as other children in Europe and the U.S.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Arsenic, Biological monitoring, Cadmium, Children, Lead
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
17
issue
20
article number
7382
pages
12 pages
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • pmid:33050429
  • scopus:85092345287
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph17207382
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
050775eb-7948-4d20-9ff8-d0a2017cbb3c
date added to LUP
2020-11-06 08:35:29
date last changed
2021-06-23 02:44:37
@article{050775eb-7948-4d20-9ff8-d0a2017cbb3c,
  abstract     = {<p>The Kingdom of Crystal, an area in southern Sweden famous for its many glassworks, is historically heavily burdened by pollution from this industry. Glass crust containing cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and arsenic (As) has been deposited around the area and used as filling. The purpose of this study was to monitor whether the high levels of metals in the contaminated soil were reflected in blood and urine among school children in this area. Blood and urine samples were collected from 87 children in 2017. The levels of cadmium (Cd-B) and lead (Pb-B) found in blood were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The speciation of As in urine (As-U) was performed by ion chromatography. The geometric mean of Cd-B and Pb-B among the children were 0.09 μg/L and 9.9 μg/L respectively. The geometric mean of inorganic As (AsIII and AsV) with metabolites in urine was 6.1 μg/L and 6.94 μg/g creatinine. Children in the study area had blood levels of Pb and Cd that correspond to levels generally found in Swedish children. The levels of inorganic As and its metabolites in urine were low and in the same magnitude as other children in Europe and the U.S.</p>},
  author       = {Mattisson, Kristoffer and Tekavec, Eva and Lundh, Thomas and Stroh, Emilie},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  number       = {20},
  pages        = {1--12},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Cadmium and lead levels in blood and arsenic levels in urine among schoolchildren living in contaminated glassworks areas, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207382},
  doi          = {10.3390/ijerph17207382},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2020},
}