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Perception of safety is a prerequisite for the association between neighbourhood green qualities and physical activity : Results from a cross-sectional study in Sweden

Weimann, Hanna LU ; Rylander, Lars LU ; van den Bosch, Matilda Annerstedt; Albin, Maria LU ; Skärbäck, Erik; Grahn, Patrik and Björk, Jonas LU (2017) In Health and Place 45. p.124-130
Abstract

In this study, we assess how the Scania Green Score (SGS5), and the five distinct perceived neighbourhood green dimensions within this area-aggregated index (1 km2 squares), is associated with self-reported physical activity and general health, and if perceived safety and social coherence has a moderating effect. Two independent surveys, both conducted in Scania, Sweden, was used for data on SGS5 and health outcomes (N=28 198 and N=23 693), respectively. SGS5 was more clearly associated with physical activity (OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.02–1.10) than with general health (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00–1.04). This association was moderated by safety (p for interaction <0.001); SGS5 was positively associated with physical activity only among... (More)

In this study, we assess how the Scania Green Score (SGS5), and the five distinct perceived neighbourhood green dimensions within this area-aggregated index (1 km2 squares), is associated with self-reported physical activity and general health, and if perceived safety and social coherence has a moderating effect. Two independent surveys, both conducted in Scania, Sweden, was used for data on SGS5 and health outcomes (N=28 198 and N=23 693), respectively. SGS5 was more clearly associated with physical activity (OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.02–1.10) than with general health (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00–1.04). This association was moderated by safety (p for interaction <0.001); SGS5 was positively associated with physical activity only among individuals who perceived high safety in their neighbourhood (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.02–1.11). No moderating effect was seen for social coherence. Among specific dimensions, cultural history was positively associated with both physical activity and general health. Our results suggest that perception of safety is a prerequisite for the positive effects of neighbourhood green qualities.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
General health, Green quality, Green space, Neighbourhood safety, Neighbourhood social coherence, Physical activity
in
Health and Place
volume
45
pages
7 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85016151120
  • wos:000402213700017
ISSN
1353-8292
DOI
10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
09a7f2ee-9704-4b4b-a4ac-769c6ade55c3
date added to LUP
2017-04-19 16:26:21
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:59:49
@article{09a7f2ee-9704-4b4b-a4ac-769c6ade55c3,
  abstract     = {<p>In this study, we assess how the Scania Green Score (SGS5), and the five distinct perceived neighbourhood green dimensions within this area-aggregated index (1 km<sup>2</sup> squares), is associated with self-reported physical activity and general health, and if perceived safety and social coherence has a moderating effect. Two independent surveys, both conducted in Scania, Sweden, was used for data on SGS5 and health outcomes (N=28 198 and N=23 693), respectively. SGS5 was more clearly associated with physical activity (OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.02–1.10) than with general health (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00–1.04). This association was moderated by safety (p for interaction &lt;0.001); SGS5 was positively associated with physical activity only among individuals who perceived high safety in their neighbourhood (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.02–1.11). No moderating effect was seen for social coherence. Among specific dimensions, cultural history was positively associated with both physical activity and general health. Our results suggest that perception of safety is a prerequisite for the positive effects of neighbourhood green qualities.</p>},
  author       = {Weimann, Hanna and Rylander, Lars and van den Bosch, Matilda Annerstedt and Albin, Maria and Skärbäck, Erik and Grahn, Patrik and Björk, Jonas},
  issn         = {1353-8292},
  keyword      = {General health,Green quality,Green space,Neighbourhood safety,Neighbourhood social coherence,Physical activity},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  pages        = {124--130},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Health and Place},
  title        = {Perception of safety is a prerequisite for the association between neighbourhood green qualities and physical activity : Results from a cross-sectional study in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.011},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2017},
}