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Creative utterances about person-centered care among future health care professionals are related to reward dependence rather than to a creative personality profile

Garcia, Danilo; Jedel, Izabella; Rapp-Ricciardi, Max; Lindskär, Erik; Molander-Söderholm, Kristian; Fagerström, Cecilia LU and Sikström, Sverker LU (2019) In Heliyon 5(3). p.01389-01389
Abstract

Background: Creativity can be defined as the creation of something that is novel, useful, and valuable for society (i.e., high-level creativity) and/or everyday life. In this context, people have implicit theories of creativity as being either non-malleable (i.e., a fixed creative mindset) or malleable (i.e., a growth creative mindset). Our aim was twofold: (1) to test an improved creative mindset priming paradigm (i.e., adding high-level/everyday creativity perspectives and using an organizational important task) by assessing if participants used different ways to answer to the prime and (2) to analyse the relationship between personality and creative utterances regarding an important topic in participants' future... (More)

Background: Creativity can be defined as the creation of something that is novel, useful, and valuable for society (i.e., high-level creativity) and/or everyday life. In this context, people have implicit theories of creativity as being either non-malleable (i.e., a fixed creative mindset) or malleable (i.e., a growth creative mindset). Our aim was twofold: (1) to test an improved creative mindset priming paradigm (i.e., adding high-level/everyday creativity perspectives and using an organizational important task) by assessing if participants used different ways to answer to the prime and (2) to analyse the relationship between personality and creative utterances regarding an important topic in participants' future professions.

Method: Students (N = 73) from different health care professions were randomly assigned to the non-malleable or malleable creative mindset priming paradigm (i.e., fixed vs. growth) and then asked to write about (a) their own creativity, (b) person-centered care in their professions (i.e., unusual use test), and to (c) self-rate their personality (Temperament and Character Inventory). We used natural language processing methods (i.e., Latent Semantic Algorithm) to analyse participants' responses in the different conditions and also responses in relation to self-reported personality.

Results: The fixed versus growth condition was predicted (r = .55, p < 0.0001), following Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons by participants' descriptions about creativity. Although the condition was not predicted (r = .07, p < 0.2755) by participants' utterances about person-centered care, a t-test suggested that participants used words that were semantically different depending on the condition they were randomly assigned to (t(2371) = 5.82, p = .0000). For instance, participants in the growth condition used verbs more frequently, while those in the fixed condition used the personal pronoun I more often. Finally, only the temperament trait of reward dependence (r = .32, p < 0.01) predicted the person-centered care utterances.

Conclusion: We argue that the paradigm successfully primed participants to write about creativity and person-centered care using narratives with different semantic content. However, individuals' ambition to be socially accepted, rather than creative personality traits, elicited the utterances about person-centered care. The creative mindset priming paradigm presented here along language processing methods might be useful for measuring creative potential at work. We suggest that if health care personnel's notions of the activities related to care are generated from their drive to be socially accepted and not from a truly creative profile, the activities might be self-serving and not person-centered.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Health profession, Nursing, Psychology
in
Heliyon
volume
5
issue
3
pages
01389 - 01389
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063114885
ISSN
2405-8440
DOI
10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01389https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01389
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0d8fe60f-1aec-494e-9cf2-83cbf346bb59
date added to LUP
2019-03-28 12:54:56
date last changed
2019-07-15 08:54:21
@article{0d8fe60f-1aec-494e-9cf2-83cbf346bb59,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Creativity can be defined as the creation of something that is novel, useful, and valuable for society (i.e., high-level creativity) and/or everyday life. In this context, people have implicit theories of creativity as being either non-malleable (i.e., a fixed creative mindset) or malleable (i.e., a growth creative mindset). Our aim was twofold: (1) to test an improved creative mindset priming paradigm (i.e., adding high-level/everyday creativity perspectives and using an organizational important task) by assessing if participants used different ways to answer to the prime and (2) to analyse the relationship between personality and creative utterances regarding an important topic in participants' future professions.</p><p>Method: Students (N = 73) from different health care professions were randomly assigned to the non-malleable or malleable creative mindset priming paradigm (i.e., fixed vs. growth) and then asked to write about (a) their own creativity, (b) person-centered care in their professions (i.e., unusual use test), and to (c) self-rate their personality (Temperament and Character Inventory). We used natural language processing methods (i.e., Latent Semantic Algorithm) to analyse participants' responses in the different conditions and also responses in relation to self-reported personality.</p><p>Results: The fixed versus growth condition was predicted (r = .55, p &lt; 0.0001), following Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons by participants' descriptions about creativity. Although the condition was not predicted (r = .07, p &lt; 0.2755) by participants' utterances about person-centered care, a t-test suggested that participants used words that were semantically different depending on the condition they were randomly assigned to (t(2371) = 5.82, p = .0000). For instance, participants in the growth condition used verbs more frequently, while those in the fixed condition used the personal pronoun I more often. Finally, only the temperament trait of reward dependence (r = .32, p &lt; 0.01) predicted the person-centered care utterances.</p><p>Conclusion: We argue that the paradigm successfully primed participants to write about creativity and person-centered care using narratives with different semantic content. However, individuals' ambition to be socially accepted, rather than creative personality traits, elicited the utterances about person-centered care. The creative mindset priming paradigm presented here along language processing methods might be useful for measuring creative potential at work. We suggest that if health care personnel's notions of the activities related to care are generated from their drive to be socially accepted and not from a truly creative profile, the activities might be self-serving and not person-centered.</p>},
  articleno    = {e01389},
  author       = {Garcia, Danilo and Jedel, Izabella and Rapp-Ricciardi, Max and Lindskär, Erik and Molander-Söderholm, Kristian and Fagerström, Cecilia and Sikström, Sverker},
  issn         = {2405-8440},
  keyword      = {Health profession,Nursing,Psychology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {01389--01389},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Heliyon},
  title        = {Creative utterances about person-centered care among future health care professionals are related to reward dependence rather than to a creative personality profile},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01389https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01389},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2019},
}