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The linkage between patterns of daily occupations and occupational balance : Applications within occupational science and occupational therapy practice

Eklund, Mona LU ; Orban, Kristina LU ; Argentzell, Elisabeth LU ; Bejerholm, Ulrika LU ; Tjörnstrand, Carina LU ; Erlandsson, Lena Karin LU and Håkansson, Carita LU (2017) In Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 24(1). p.41-56
Abstract

Patterns of daily occupations (PDO) and occupational balance (OB) are recurring phenomena in the literature. Both are related with health and well-being, which makes them central in occupational therapy practice and occupational science. The aim was to review how PDO and OB are described in the literature, to propose a view of how the two constructs may be linked, and elaborate on how such a view may benefit occupational science and occupational therapy. The literature was analysed by latent and manifest content analysis and comparative analysis. The findings were summarized in a model, framing PDO as the more objective and OB as the more subjective result from an interaction between personal preferences and environmental influences.... (More)

Patterns of daily occupations (PDO) and occupational balance (OB) are recurring phenomena in the literature. Both are related with health and well-being, which makes them central in occupational therapy practice and occupational science. The aim was to review how PDO and OB are described in the literature, to propose a view of how the two constructs may be linked, and elaborate on how such a view may benefit occupational science and occupational therapy. The literature was analysed by latent and manifest content analysis and comparative analysis. The findings were summarized in a model, framing PDO as the more objective and OB as the more subjective result from an interaction between personal preferences and environmental influences. The proposed model does not assume a cause–effect relationship between the targeted constructs, rather a mutual influence and a joint reaction to influencing factors. Indicators of PDO and OB were identified, as well as tools for assessing PDO and OB. The authors propose that discerning PDO and OB as separate but interacting phenomena may be useful in developing a theoretical discourse in occupational science and enhancing occupational therapy practice. Although the scope of this study was limited, the proposed view may hopefully inspire further scrutiny of constructs.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Assessment tools, clinical implications, content analysis, literature review, model development, occupational engagement
in
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
volume
24
issue
1
pages
16 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84984688846
ISSN
1103-8128
DOI
10.1080/11038128.2016.1224271
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0e14616c-559d-4963-8eca-e2f780ea4665
date added to LUP
2016-09-21 10:45:42
date last changed
2017-01-11 14:48:13
@article{0e14616c-559d-4963-8eca-e2f780ea4665,
  abstract     = {<p>Patterns of daily occupations (PDO) and occupational balance (OB) are recurring phenomena in the literature. Both are related with health and well-being, which makes them central in occupational therapy practice and occupational science. The aim was to review how PDO and OB are described in the literature, to propose a view of how the two constructs may be linked, and elaborate on how such a view may benefit occupational science and occupational therapy. The literature was analysed by latent and manifest content analysis and comparative analysis. The findings were summarized in a model, framing PDO as the more objective and OB as the more subjective result from an interaction between personal preferences and environmental influences. The proposed model does not assume a cause–effect relationship between the targeted constructs, rather a mutual influence and a joint reaction to influencing factors. Indicators of PDO and OB were identified, as well as tools for assessing PDO and OB. The authors propose that discerning PDO and OB as separate but interacting phenomena may be useful in developing a theoretical discourse in occupational science and enhancing occupational therapy practice. Although the scope of this study was limited, the proposed view may hopefully inspire further scrutiny of constructs.</p>},
  author       = {Eklund, Mona and Orban, Kristina and Argentzell, Elisabeth and Bejerholm, Ulrika and Tjörnstrand, Carina and Erlandsson, Lena Karin and Håkansson, Carita},
  issn         = {1103-8128},
  keyword      = {Assessment tools,clinical implications,content analysis,literature review,model development,occupational engagement},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {41--56},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  title        = {The linkage between patterns of daily occupations and occupational balance : Applications within occupational science and occupational therapy practice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11038128.2016.1224271},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2017},
}