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Verbs of placement in Swedish children with SLI.

Hansson, Kristina LU and Bruce, Barbro LU (2002) In International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders 37(4). p.401-414
Abstract
This study investigated lexical aspects of verb knowledge in Swedish children with specific language impairment (SLI). The type of verbs studied were those of placement, a semantic area with a language-specific#10; differentiation in Swedish. It was hypothesized that owing to their cross-linguistic uncommonness, these verbs cause difficulties for children with SLI, that these problems are more marked in production#10; than in comprehension, and that children with SLI show less change over time than controls. Ten children with SLI and 10 language-matched controls participated in an acting-out task testing the comprehension#10; and production of four different verbs of placement. The children were tested on two occasions, with a 6-month... (More)
This study investigated lexical aspects of verb knowledge in Swedish children with specific language impairment (SLI). The type of verbs studied were those of placement, a semantic area with a language-specific#10; differentiation in Swedish. It was hypothesized that owing to their cross-linguistic uncommonness, these verbs cause difficulties for children with SLI, that these problems are more marked in production#10; than in comprehension, and that children with SLI show less change over time than controls. Ten children with SLI and 10 language-matched controls participated in an acting-out task testing the comprehension#10; and production of four different verbs of placement. The children were tested on two occasions, with a 6-month interval. The groups did not differ in their performance on the comprehension task at either#10; testing. In production, the children with SLI had significantly more difficulties in choosing the correct verb than the controls at the second testing. The controls performed significantly better on production#10; at the second testing than at the first, whereas the children with SLI did not enhance their performance between testings. This indicates that children with SLI have lexical problems and that these problems#10; do not diminish with time. The results are related to the results from studies of second-language learners of Swedish who often have difficulties in the usage of these verbs. The results are also related#10; to the results from studies of the corresponding semantic field in English- and Dutch-speaking children with SLI. The comparisons show some interesting differences, depending on the type of learner and#10; the language learned. The approach adopted seems promising. Studies of lexical specificity in children with SLI would give interesting information, useful both for the development of clinical assessment#10; instruments and for our understanding of lexical acquisition in these children. #10; (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
volume
37
issue
4
pages
401 - 414
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000178404500003
  • scopus:0036775795
ISSN
1368-2822
DOI
10.1080/1368282021000007712
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
08da571c-3e8e-4aab-9264-c8ecc897d225 (old id 110505)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12396841&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-07-05 15:49:40
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:30:45
@article{08da571c-3e8e-4aab-9264-c8ecc897d225,
  abstract     = {This study investigated lexical aspects of verb knowledge in Swedish children with specific language impairment (SLI). The type of verbs studied were those of placement, a semantic area with a language-specific#10; differentiation in Swedish. It was hypothesized that owing to their cross-linguistic uncommonness, these verbs cause difficulties for children with SLI, that these problems are more marked in production#10; than in comprehension, and that children with SLI show less change over time than controls. Ten children with SLI and 10 language-matched controls participated in an acting-out task testing the comprehension#10; and production of four different verbs of placement. The children were tested on two occasions, with a 6-month interval. The groups did not differ in their performance on the comprehension task at either#10; testing. In production, the children with SLI had significantly more difficulties in choosing the correct verb than the controls at the second testing. The controls performed significantly better on production#10; at the second testing than at the first, whereas the children with SLI did not enhance their performance between testings. This indicates that children with SLI have lexical problems and that these problems#10; do not diminish with time. The results are related to the results from studies of second-language learners of Swedish who often have difficulties in the usage of these verbs. The results are also related#10; to the results from studies of the corresponding semantic field in English- and Dutch-speaking children with SLI. The comparisons show some interesting differences, depending on the type of learner and#10; the language learned. The approach adopted seems promising. Studies of lexical specificity in children with SLI would give interesting information, useful both for the development of clinical assessment#10; instruments and for our understanding of lexical acquisition in these children. #10;},
  author       = {Hansson, Kristina and Bruce, Barbro},
  issn         = {1368-2822},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {401--414},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders},
  title        = {Verbs of placement in Swedish children with SLI.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1368282021000007712},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2002},
}