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Analysis of glycosaminoglycan chains from different proteoglycan populations in human embryonic skin fibroblasts

Schmidtchen, Artur LU and Fransson, Lars-Åke LU (1992) In European Journal of Biochemistry 208(2). p.537-546
Abstract
1. The structure of chondroitin/dermatan and heparan-sulphate chains from various proteoglycan populations derived from cultured human skin fibroblasts have been examined. Confluent cell cultures were biosynthetically labelled with [3H]-glucosamine and 35SO4(2-), and proteoglycans were purified according to buoyant density, size and charge density [Schmidtchen, A., Carlstedt, I., Malmstrom, A. & Fransson, L.-A. (1990) Biochem. J. 265, 289-300]. Some proteoglycan fractions were further fractionated according to hydrophobicity on octyl-Sepharose in Triton X-100 gradients. The glycosaminoglycan chains, intact or degraded by chemical or enzymic methods were then analysed by gel chromatography on Sepharose CL-6B, Bio-Gel P-6, ion exchange... (More)
1. The structure of chondroitin/dermatan and heparan-sulphate chains from various proteoglycan populations derived from cultured human skin fibroblasts have been examined. Confluent cell cultures were biosynthetically labelled with [3H]-glucosamine and 35SO4(2-), and proteoglycans were purified according to buoyant density, size and charge density [Schmidtchen, A., Carlstedt, I., Malmstrom, A. & Fransson, L.-A. (1990) Biochem. J. 265, 289-300]. Some proteoglycan fractions were further fractionated according to hydrophobicity on octyl-Sepharose in Triton X-100 gradients. The glycosaminoglycan chains, intact or degraded by chemical or enzymic methods were then analysed by gel chromatography on Sepharose CL-6B, Bio-Gel P-6, ion exchange HPLC and gel electrophoresis. 2. Three types of dermatan-sulphate chains were identified on the basis of disaccharide composition and chain length. They were derived from the large proteoglycan, two small proteoglycans and a cell-associated proteoglycan with core proteins of 90 kDa and 45 kDa. Intracellular, free dermatan-sulphate chains were very similar to those of the small proteoglycans. 3. Heparan-sulphate chains from different proteoglycans had, in spite of small but distinct differences in size, strikingly similar compositional features. They contained similar amounts of D-glucuronate, L-iduronate (with or without sulphate) and N-sulphate groups. They all displayed heparin-lyase-resistant domains with average molecular mass of 10-15 kDa. The heparan-sulphate chains from proteoglycans with 250-kDa and 350-kDa cores were the largest greater than 50 kDa), containing an average of four or five domains, in contrast to heparan-sulphate chains from the small heparan-sulphate proteoglycans which had average molecular mass of 45 kDa and consisted of three or four such domains. Free, cell-associated heparan-sulphate chains were heterogeneous in size (5-45 kDa). 4. These results suggest that the core protein may have important regulatory functions with regard to dermatan-sulphate synthesis. On the other hand, synthesis of heparan sulphate may be largely controlled by the cell that expresses a particular proteoglycan core protein. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Biochemistry
volume
208
issue
2
pages
537 - 546
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:1521543
  • scopus:0026782083
ISSN
0014-2956
DOI
10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb17218.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6eb13bb6-9623-4228-8bbe-561330d13db8 (old id 1106757)
date added to LUP
2008-08-12 09:14:44
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:45:49
@article{6eb13bb6-9623-4228-8bbe-561330d13db8,
  abstract     = {1. The structure of chondroitin/dermatan and heparan-sulphate chains from various proteoglycan populations derived from cultured human skin fibroblasts have been examined. Confluent cell cultures were biosynthetically labelled with [3H]-glucosamine and 35SO4(2-), and proteoglycans were purified according to buoyant density, size and charge density [Schmidtchen, A., Carlstedt, I., Malmstrom, A. & Fransson, L.-A. (1990) Biochem. J. 265, 289-300]. Some proteoglycan fractions were further fractionated according to hydrophobicity on octyl-Sepharose in Triton X-100 gradients. The glycosaminoglycan chains, intact or degraded by chemical or enzymic methods were then analysed by gel chromatography on Sepharose CL-6B, Bio-Gel P-6, ion exchange HPLC and gel electrophoresis. 2. Three types of dermatan-sulphate chains were identified on the basis of disaccharide composition and chain length. They were derived from the large proteoglycan, two small proteoglycans and a cell-associated proteoglycan with core proteins of 90 kDa and 45 kDa. Intracellular, free dermatan-sulphate chains were very similar to those of the small proteoglycans. 3. Heparan-sulphate chains from different proteoglycans had, in spite of small but distinct differences in size, strikingly similar compositional features. They contained similar amounts of D-glucuronate, L-iduronate (with or without sulphate) and N-sulphate groups. They all displayed heparin-lyase-resistant domains with average molecular mass of 10-15 kDa. The heparan-sulphate chains from proteoglycans with 250-kDa and 350-kDa cores were the largest greater than 50 kDa), containing an average of four or five domains, in contrast to heparan-sulphate chains from the small heparan-sulphate proteoglycans which had average molecular mass of 45 kDa and consisted of three or four such domains. Free, cell-associated heparan-sulphate chains were heterogeneous in size (5-45 kDa). 4. These results suggest that the core protein may have important regulatory functions with regard to dermatan-sulphate synthesis. On the other hand, synthesis of heparan sulphate may be largely controlled by the cell that expresses a particular proteoglycan core protein.},
  author       = {Schmidtchen, Artur and Fransson, Lars-Åke},
  issn         = {0014-2956},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {537--546},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {European Journal of Biochemistry},
  title        = {Analysis of glycosaminoglycan chains from different proteoglycan populations in human embryonic skin fibroblasts},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb17218.x},
  volume       = {208},
  year         = {1992},
}