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Impairment of bone turnover in elderly women with hip fracture

Åkesson, Kristina LU ; Vergnaud, Philippe; Gineyts, Evelyne; Delmas, Pierre D and Obrant, Karl LU (1993) In Calcified Tissue International 53(3). p.162-169
Abstract
Hip fracture is one of the most severe consequences of osteoporosis affecting aged women. However, abnormalities of bone turnover responsible for bone loss in this condition have not been clearly defined. To further evaluate the bone metabolic status of women sustaining hip fracture, we have prospectively measured serum osteocalcin as a marker of bone formation and urinary excretion of pyridinoline (Pyr) and deoxypyridinoline (D-pyr) cross-links as markers of bone collagen degradation in 174 independently living women (80 ± 8 years) within a few hours after a hip fracture. Comparison was made with 77 age-matched controls (80 ± 5 years) and 17 premenopausal women (39 ± 3 years). In addition 15 of the patients were followed with daily... (More)
Hip fracture is one of the most severe consequences of osteoporosis affecting aged women. However, abnormalities of bone turnover responsible for bone loss in this condition have not been clearly defined. To further evaluate the bone metabolic status of women sustaining hip fracture, we have prospectively measured serum osteocalcin as a marker of bone formation and urinary excretion of pyridinoline (Pyr) and deoxypyridinoline (D-pyr) cross-links as markers of bone collagen degradation in 174 independently living women (80 ± 8 years) within a few hours after a hip fracture. Comparison was made with 77 age-matched controls (80 ± 5 years) and 17 premenopausal women (39 ± 3 years). In addition 15 of the patients were followed with daily measurements during the first postoperative week. At the time of admission osteocalcin was 20% lower in the fractured women compared to the elderly controls (7.6 ± 3.8 vs. 9.5 ± 4.5 nglml,P = 0.001). Pyr and D-pyr were 36% and 40% higher, respectively (P = 0.0001), than in elderly controls and 85% and 76% higher than in premenopausal controls (P = 0.0001). Serum osteocalcin did not correlate with the cortisol level measured at the same time (r = 0.03, ns), nor with serum albumin and creatinine. Serum osteocalcin remained unchanged within 18 hours after fracture, whereafter it progressively decreased until the third postoperative day. No correlation was noted between the excretion of pyridinoline cross-links and the time elapsed from fracture.

These data suggest that the abnormal levels of osteocalcin and pyridinolines are unrelated to traumatically induced acute changes, but reflect abnormalities of bone turnover existing prior to the fracture. Thus, hip-fracture patients have biochemical evidence of decreased bone formation and increased bone resorption when compared to age-matched controls. We suggest that these abnormalities may play a role in the decrease of the bone mass and the consequently increased bone fragility that characterize the osteoporotic hip fracture in the elderly. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Hip fracture, Bone turnover, Elderly women
in
Calcified Tissue International
volume
53
issue
3
pages
162 - 169
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:8242467
  • scopus:0027183782
ISSN
1432-0827
DOI
10.1007/BF01321832
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c46b5df3-ab95-4fcd-89e8-351c0c3eb9bc (old id 1107263)
date added to LUP
2008-07-30 14:40:04
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:43:33
@article{c46b5df3-ab95-4fcd-89e8-351c0c3eb9bc,
  abstract     = {Hip fracture is one of the most severe consequences of osteoporosis affecting aged women. However, abnormalities of bone turnover responsible for bone loss in this condition have not been clearly defined. To further evaluate the bone metabolic status of women sustaining hip fracture, we have prospectively measured serum osteocalcin as a marker of bone formation and urinary excretion of pyridinoline (Pyr) and deoxypyridinoline (D-pyr) cross-links as markers of bone collagen degradation in 174 independently living women (80 ± 8 years) within a few hours after a hip fracture. Comparison was made with 77 age-matched controls (80 ± 5 years) and 17 premenopausal women (39 ± 3 years). In addition 15 of the patients were followed with daily measurements during the first postoperative week. At the time of admission osteocalcin was 20% lower in the fractured women compared to the elderly controls (7.6 ± 3.8 vs. 9.5 ± 4.5 nglml,P = 0.001). Pyr and D-pyr were 36% and 40% higher, respectively (P = 0.0001), than in elderly controls and 85% and 76% higher than in premenopausal controls (P = 0.0001). Serum osteocalcin did not correlate with the cortisol level measured at the same time (r = 0.03, ns), nor with serum albumin and creatinine. Serum osteocalcin remained unchanged within 18 hours after fracture, whereafter it progressively decreased until the third postoperative day. No correlation was noted between the excretion of pyridinoline cross-links and the time elapsed from fracture.<br/><br>
These data suggest that the abnormal levels of osteocalcin and pyridinolines are unrelated to traumatically induced acute changes, but reflect abnormalities of bone turnover existing prior to the fracture. Thus, hip-fracture patients have biochemical evidence of decreased bone formation and increased bone resorption when compared to age-matched controls. We suggest that these abnormalities may play a role in the decrease of the bone mass and the consequently increased bone fragility that characterize the osteoporotic hip fracture in the elderly.},
  author       = {Åkesson, Kristina and Vergnaud, Philippe and Gineyts, Evelyne and Delmas, Pierre D and Obrant, Karl},
  issn         = {1432-0827},
  keyword      = {Hip fracture,Bone turnover,Elderly women},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {162--169},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Calcified Tissue International},
  title        = {Impairment of bone turnover in elderly women with hip fracture},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01321832},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {1993},
}