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Antiproliferative effects on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and inhibition of in vitro immunoglobulin synthesis by Podophyllotoxin (CPH86) and by semisynthetic lignan glycosides (CPH82)

Truedsson, Lennart LU ; Geborek, Pierre LU and Sturfelt, Gunnar LU (1993) In Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 11(2). p.179-182
Abstract
A mixture of natural and semisynthetic (modified) glycosides from Podophyllum emodi (Proresid) has been used for many years in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but its use is hampered by gastrointestinal side effects. Highly purified podophyllotoxin (CPH86) and a preparation containing two semisynthetic podophyllotoxin glycosides (CPH82) are currently being tested in clinical trials. In this study these drugs were shown to inhibit in vitro [3H]-thymidine uptake of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated by the mitogens concanavalin A, phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed mitogen. Complete inhibition was observed with CPH86 in concentrations > or = 20 ng/ml and with CPH82 in concentrations > or = 1 microgram/ml. In vitro... (More)
A mixture of natural and semisynthetic (modified) glycosides from Podophyllum emodi (Proresid) has been used for many years in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but its use is hampered by gastrointestinal side effects. Highly purified podophyllotoxin (CPH86) and a preparation containing two semisynthetic podophyllotoxin glycosides (CPH82) are currently being tested in clinical trials. In this study these drugs were shown to inhibit in vitro [3H]-thymidine uptake of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated by the mitogens concanavalin A, phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed mitogen. Complete inhibition was observed with CPH86 in concentrations > or = 20 ng/ml and with CPH82 in concentrations > or = 1 microgram/ml. In vitro production of IgG, IgM and IgA by PWM-stimulated cells cultured for 7 days was unaffected by 10 ng/ml CPH86 and 100 ng/ml CPH82, but was strongly inhibited by concentrations of CPH86 at > or = 20 ng/ml and CPH82 at > or = 1 microgram/ml. In conclusion, both CPH86 and CPH82 inhibit mitogen induced lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin synthesis and the results may be of help in determining optimal dose levels if related to treatment effects. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
volume
11
issue
2
pages
179 - 182
publisher
Pacini
external identifiers
  • pmid:8508560
  • scopus:0027322528
ISSN
1593-098X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9b9cf06b-7ee5-4fc4-b54a-97ee87161ae4 (old id 1107447)
date added to LUP
2008-07-31 09:15:34
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:37:31
@article{9b9cf06b-7ee5-4fc4-b54a-97ee87161ae4,
  abstract     = {A mixture of natural and semisynthetic (modified) glycosides from Podophyllum emodi (Proresid) has been used for many years in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but its use is hampered by gastrointestinal side effects. Highly purified podophyllotoxin (CPH86) and a preparation containing two semisynthetic podophyllotoxin glycosides (CPH82) are currently being tested in clinical trials. In this study these drugs were shown to inhibit in vitro [3H]-thymidine uptake of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated by the mitogens concanavalin A, phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed mitogen. Complete inhibition was observed with CPH86 in concentrations > or = 20 ng/ml and with CPH82 in concentrations > or = 1 microgram/ml. In vitro production of IgG, IgM and IgA by PWM-stimulated cells cultured for 7 days was unaffected by 10 ng/ml CPH86 and 100 ng/ml CPH82, but was strongly inhibited by concentrations of CPH86 at > or = 20 ng/ml and CPH82 at > or = 1 microgram/ml. In conclusion, both CPH86 and CPH82 inhibit mitogen induced lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin synthesis and the results may be of help in determining optimal dose levels if related to treatment effects.},
  author       = {Truedsson, Lennart and Geborek, Pierre and Sturfelt, Gunnar},
  issn         = {1593-098X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {179--182},
  publisher    = {Pacini},
  series       = {Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology},
  title        = {Antiproliferative effects on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and inhibition of in vitro immunoglobulin synthesis by Podophyllotoxin (CPH86) and by semisynthetic lignan glycosides (CPH82)},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {1993},
}