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In vivo receptor characterization of neuropeptide Y-induced effects in consecutive vascular sections of cat skeletal muscle

Ekelund, Ulf LU and Erlinge, David LU (1997) In British Journal of Pharmacology 120(3). p.387-392
Abstract
1. It has been suggested that the vasoconstrictor response to neuropeptide Y (NPY) is located in the microvessels and that it increases with reduced vessel diameter. The aim of the present study was to analyse quantitatively, on the cat gastrocnemius muscle preparation in vivo, the effects of NPY on total regional vascular resistance (RT) and its distribution to large-bore arterial resistance vessels (> 25 microns; Ra,prox), small arterioles (< 25 microns; Ra,micro) and the veins (Rv). Associated effects on capillary pressure (Pc,v) and fluid exchange were also studied. 2. Close-arterially infused NPY (1-32 micrograms kg-1 min-1) caused a dose-dependent, slowly developing vasoconstriction in all three vascular sections, yet with a... (More)
1. It has been suggested that the vasoconstrictor response to neuropeptide Y (NPY) is located in the microvessels and that it increases with reduced vessel diameter. The aim of the present study was to analyse quantitatively, on the cat gastrocnemius muscle preparation in vivo, the effects of NPY on total regional vascular resistance (RT) and its distribution to large-bore arterial resistance vessels (> 25 microns; Ra,prox), small arterioles (< 25 microns; Ra,micro) and the veins (Rv). Associated effects on capillary pressure (Pc,v) and fluid exchange were also studied. 2. Close-arterially infused NPY (1-32 micrograms kg-1 min-1) caused a dose-dependent, slowly developing vasoconstriction in all three vascular sections, yet with a preferential action in the small arterioles. At 32 micrograms kg-1 min-1, NPY raised RT by 133 +/- 22%, Ra,prox by 94 +/- 15%, Ra,micro by 277 +/- 104% and Rv by 81 +/- 11%. However, the veins (ED50 = 3.9 +/- 1.2 micrograms kg-1 min-1) were more sensitive to NPY than both large-bore arterial vessels (ED50 = 7.7 +/- 1.6) and small arterioles (ED50 = 7.0 +/- 1.4). NPY decreased Pc,v due to an increase in the pre-to post-capillary resistance ratio. 3. Close-arterial infusions of Pro34NPY and peptide YY evoked vasoconstrictor responses which did not differ from the response to NPY. In contrast, the Y2-preferring C-terminal fragments: Ac-[Leu28, Leu31]-NPY (24-36) and NPY(13-36) were without effect in the muscle vascular bed. The selective NPY Y1 receptor antagonist BIBP3226 (100 micrograms kg-1 min-1, i.a.) abolished the vascular response to NPY. 4. The present findings indicate that the vasoconstrictor response to NPY in skeletal muscle is preferentially located in the small arterioles and mediated via the Y1 receptor and, further, that Y2 and Y3 receptors do not play a significant role in the vasoconstrictor response to NPY in cat skeletal muscle. BIBP3226 was found to be an effective NPY antagonist in vivo and to lack agonist activity. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Arteriole, BIBP3226, microcirculation, neuropeptide Y, vein, Y1 receptor
in
British Journal of Pharmacology
volume
120
issue
3
pages
387 - 392
publisher
The British Pharmacological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:9031740
  • scopus:8044233043
ISSN
1476-5381
DOI
10.1038/sj.bjp.0700908
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d53ff2b9-3c03-4120-a07f-aab161ffec49 (old id 1111642)
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 09:39:12
date last changed
2017-07-09 04:30:33
@article{d53ff2b9-3c03-4120-a07f-aab161ffec49,
  abstract     = {1. It has been suggested that the vasoconstrictor response to neuropeptide Y (NPY) is located in the microvessels and that it increases with reduced vessel diameter. The aim of the present study was to analyse quantitatively, on the cat gastrocnemius muscle preparation in vivo, the effects of NPY on total regional vascular resistance (RT) and its distribution to large-bore arterial resistance vessels (&gt; 25 microns; Ra,prox), small arterioles (&lt; 25 microns; Ra,micro) and the veins (Rv). Associated effects on capillary pressure (Pc,v) and fluid exchange were also studied. 2. Close-arterially infused NPY (1-32 micrograms kg-1 min-1) caused a dose-dependent, slowly developing vasoconstriction in all three vascular sections, yet with a preferential action in the small arterioles. At 32 micrograms kg-1 min-1, NPY raised RT by 133 +/- 22%, Ra,prox by 94 +/- 15%, Ra,micro by 277 +/- 104% and Rv by 81 +/- 11%. However, the veins (ED50 = 3.9 +/- 1.2 micrograms kg-1 min-1) were more sensitive to NPY than both large-bore arterial vessels (ED50 = 7.7 +/- 1.6) and small arterioles (ED50 = 7.0 +/- 1.4). NPY decreased Pc,v due to an increase in the pre-to post-capillary resistance ratio. 3. Close-arterial infusions of Pro34NPY and peptide YY evoked vasoconstrictor responses which did not differ from the response to NPY. In contrast, the Y2-preferring C-terminal fragments: Ac-[Leu28, Leu31]-NPY (24-36) and NPY(13-36) were without effect in the muscle vascular bed. The selective NPY Y1 receptor antagonist BIBP3226 (100 micrograms kg-1 min-1, i.a.) abolished the vascular response to NPY. 4. The present findings indicate that the vasoconstrictor response to NPY in skeletal muscle is preferentially located in the small arterioles and mediated via the Y1 receptor and, further, that Y2 and Y3 receptors do not play a significant role in the vasoconstrictor response to NPY in cat skeletal muscle. BIBP3226 was found to be an effective NPY antagonist in vivo and to lack agonist activity.},
  author       = {Ekelund, Ulf and Erlinge, David},
  issn         = {1476-5381},
  keyword      = {Arteriole,BIBP3226,microcirculation,neuropeptide Y,vein,Y1 receptor},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {387--392},
  publisher    = {The British Pharmacological Society},
  series       = {British Journal of Pharmacology},
  title        = {In vivo receptor characterization of neuropeptide Y-induced effects in consecutive vascular sections of cat skeletal muscle},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0700908},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {1997},
}