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Psychomotor functioning in suicide attempters. An explorative study using the Resource Oriented Body Examination of Bunkan

Lundvik Gyllensten, Amanda LU ; Öberg, Helene; Träskman Bendz, Lil LU and Ekdahl, Charlotte LU (1997) In Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 51(3). p.193-200
Abstract
Within physical therapy there is a tradition of focusing on body-oriented resources and psychomotor functioning. The aim of the present explorative study was to describe psychomotor functioning such as patterns of muscular tension, posture, resistance to passive movements, respiration, and reactions to palpation in a group of suicide attempters admitted to the Lund Suicide Research Center, Sweden. Fe-three consecutive patients were included in the study (28 women and 25 men; mean age, 42 years; standard deviation, 13; range, 21-80 years). The Resource Oriented Body Examination (ROBE) of Buncan was used to assess psychomotor functioning. In addition, some other tests were undertaken, such as laboratory tests (monoamine metabolites in... (More)
Within physical therapy there is a tradition of focusing on body-oriented resources and psychomotor functioning. The aim of the present explorative study was to describe psychomotor functioning such as patterns of muscular tension, posture, resistance to passive movements, respiration, and reactions to palpation in a group of suicide attempters admitted to the Lund Suicide Research Center, Sweden. Fe-three consecutive patients were included in the study (28 women and 25 men; mean age, 42 years; standard deviation, 13; range, 21-80 years). The Resource Oriented Body Examination (ROBE) of Buncan was used to assess psychomotor functioning. In addition, some other tests were undertaken, such as laboratory tests (monoamine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma cortisol after dexamethasone) and temperament ratings. Results indicated that the patients generally showed a high level of psychomotor disturbance as compared with reference values. The ROBE total score was significantly higher in patients who later completed suicide than in the non-completer group (P = 0.02). Two ROBE subgroups were identified. The hypotonic group (n = 19) showed a higher frequency of respiration disturbances (P = 0.01) than the hypertonic group (n = 34). The hypotonic subgroup also had a significantly higher rate of completed suicides at a follow-up 5 years later (P = 0.048). With regard to biochemical tests, the hypotonic group comprised significantly more cases with high levels of cortisol after dexamethasone (P = 0.02). In conclusion, controlled studies of psychomotor functioning in suicide attempters ought to be performed. In our opinion the results of the present study enerate interesting hypotheses. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bunkan, Physical therapy, Psychomotor functioning, Suicide attempters
in
Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
volume
51
issue
3
pages
193 - 200
publisher
Informa Healthcare
external identifiers
  • scopus:0030760244
ISSN
1502-4725
DOI
10.3109/08039489709109094
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
04fbc9cb-636f-4011-a50a-1724987920c2 (old id 1111786)
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 12:37:43
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:12:39
@article{04fbc9cb-636f-4011-a50a-1724987920c2,
  abstract     = {Within physical therapy there is a tradition of focusing on body-oriented resources and psychomotor functioning. The aim of the present explorative study was to describe psychomotor functioning such as patterns of muscular tension, posture, resistance to passive movements, respiration, and reactions to palpation in a group of suicide attempters admitted to the Lund Suicide Research Center, Sweden. Fe-three consecutive patients were included in the study (28 women and 25 men; mean age, 42 years; standard deviation, 13; range, 21-80 years). The Resource Oriented Body Examination (ROBE) of Buncan was used to assess psychomotor functioning. In addition, some other tests were undertaken, such as laboratory tests (monoamine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma cortisol after dexamethasone) and temperament ratings. Results indicated that the patients generally showed a high level of psychomotor disturbance as compared with reference values. The ROBE total score was significantly higher in patients who later completed suicide than in the non-completer group (P = 0.02). Two ROBE subgroups were identified. The hypotonic group (n = 19) showed a higher frequency of respiration disturbances (P = 0.01) than the hypertonic group (n = 34). The hypotonic subgroup also had a significantly higher rate of completed suicides at a follow-up 5 years later (P = 0.048). With regard to biochemical tests, the hypotonic group comprised significantly more cases with high levels of cortisol after dexamethasone (P = 0.02). In conclusion, controlled studies of psychomotor functioning in suicide attempters ought to be performed. In our opinion the results of the present study enerate interesting hypotheses.},
  author       = {Lundvik Gyllensten, Amanda and Öberg, Helene and Träskman Bendz, Lil and Ekdahl, Charlotte},
  issn         = {1502-4725},
  keyword      = {Bunkan,Physical therapy,Psychomotor functioning,Suicide attempters},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {193--200},
  publisher    = {Informa Healthcare},
  series       = {Nordic Journal of Psychiatry},
  title        = {Psychomotor functioning in suicide attempters. An explorative study using the Resource Oriented Body Examination of Bunkan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08039489709109094},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {1997},
}