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Non-word repetition in children with language impairment - pitfalls and possibilities

Sahlén, Birgitta LU ; Reuterskiöld, Christina LU ; Nettelbladt, Ulrika LU and Radeborg, Karl LU (1999) In International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders 34(3). p.337-352
Abstract
Specific language impairment has, although not without controversy, been considered as a consequence of a phonological memory deficit. Non-word repetition has been proposed as a reliable index of phonological memory and also as predictive of lexical and grammatical development in normally developing and language-impaired children. The main aim was to study the relationship between repetition of words and non-words and expressive language skills (phonology and grammar) in 27 5-year-old children with language impairment. The authors also wanted to explore the influence of lexical stress on repetition skills. The results showed that words were significantly easier to repeat than non-words and that non-word repetition skills were significantly... (More)
Specific language impairment has, although not without controversy, been considered as a consequence of a phonological memory deficit. Non-word repetition has been proposed as a reliable index of phonological memory and also as predictive of lexical and grammatical development in normally developing and language-impaired children. The main aim was to study the relationship between repetition of words and non-words and expressive language skills (phonology and grammar) in 27 5-year-old children with language impairment. The authors also wanted to explore the influence of lexical stress on repetition skills. The results showed that words were significantly easier to repeat than non-words and that non-word repetition skills were significantly correlated to phonological and grammatical development. The most important predictor of non-word repetition skills was output phonology. The conclusion is that nonword repetition is not a single, reliable index of phonological memory in preschool children with language impairment. Also, the influence of prosodic variables on segmental aspects of speech production should not be overlooked in non-word construction, since it was found that unstressed syllables were omitted six times more often in prestressed than in post-stressed positions of the words and non-words. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
non-word repetition, phonological memory, lexical stress, language impairment.
in
International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
volume
34
issue
3
pages
337 - 352
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000083001200005
  • scopus:0032992188
ISSN
1368-2822
DOI
10.1080/136828299247441
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
13fadeda-8b2d-4207-9315-93d8026cd63b (old id 1115598)
date added to LUP
2008-07-09 12:28:03
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:38:46
@article{13fadeda-8b2d-4207-9315-93d8026cd63b,
  abstract     = {Specific language impairment has, although not without controversy, been considered as a consequence of a phonological memory deficit. Non-word repetition has been proposed as a reliable index of phonological memory and also as predictive of lexical and grammatical development in normally developing and language-impaired children. The main aim was to study the relationship between repetition of words and non-words and expressive language skills (phonology and grammar) in 27 5-year-old children with language impairment. The authors also wanted to explore the influence of lexical stress on repetition skills. The results showed that words were significantly easier to repeat than non-words and that non-word repetition skills were significantly correlated to phonological and grammatical development. The most important predictor of non-word repetition skills was output phonology. The conclusion is that nonword repetition is not a single, reliable index of phonological memory in preschool children with language impairment. Also, the influence of prosodic variables on segmental aspects of speech production should not be overlooked in non-word construction, since it was found that unstressed syllables were omitted six times more often in prestressed than in post-stressed positions of the words and non-words.},
  author       = {Sahlén, Birgitta and Reuterskiöld, Christina and Nettelbladt, Ulrika and Radeborg, Karl},
  issn         = {1368-2822},
  keyword      = {non-word repetition,phonological memory,lexical stress,language impairment.},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {337--352},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders},
  title        = {Non-word repetition in children with language impairment - pitfalls and possibilities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/136828299247441},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {1999},
}