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Serum albumins are the major site for in vivo formation of hapten-carrier protein adducts in plasma from humans and guinea-pigs exposed to type-1 allergy inducing hexahydrophthalic anhydride

Johannesson, Gunvor LU ; Rosqvist, S; Lindh, Christian LU ; Welinder, Hans LU and Jönsson, Bo A LU (2001) In Clinical and Experimental Allergy 31(7). p.1021-1030
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Organic acid anhydrides (OAAs) are highly allergenic compounds used in the chemical industry. The OAAs probably act as haptens but the proteins that form conjugates with OAAs in vivo are still unknown. Conjugates between the anhydrides and serum albumins (SAs) have routinely been used when testing for OAA-specific antibodies. However, the use of SA as the carrier-protein in these tests has never been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify major and also immunologically relevant protein conjugates of a particularly sensitizing OAA, hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA), in plasma. METHODS: Plasma was obtained from a HHPA-exposed worker, from a guinea-pig (GP) exposed to HHPA in an exposure chamber for 2 weeks... (More)
BACKGROUND: Organic acid anhydrides (OAAs) are highly allergenic compounds used in the chemical industry. The OAAs probably act as haptens but the proteins that form conjugates with OAAs in vivo are still unknown. Conjugates between the anhydrides and serum albumins (SAs) have routinely been used when testing for OAA-specific antibodies. However, the use of SA as the carrier-protein in these tests has never been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify major and also immunologically relevant protein conjugates of a particularly sensitizing OAA, hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA), in plasma. METHODS: Plasma was obtained from a HHPA-exposed worker, from a guinea-pig (GP) exposed to HHPA in an exposure chamber for 2 weeks (8 h/day, 5 days/week) and from a GP exposed once, nose-only, to tritium-labelled HHPA for 8 h. The plasma was fractionated using ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. These fractions and also aliquots of unfractioned plasma were hydrolysed, derivatized and analysed for anhydride adduct content using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Further, plasma from the tritium labelled HHPA-exposed GP was separated by SDS gel electrophoresis and analysed by autoradiography. In addition, immunologically relevant proteins were identified through specific IgE and IgG immunoblottings using sera from exposed workers. RESULTS: For humans > 85% and for GPs > 74% of the HHPA-adducts coeluted with SA in plasma. Autoradiography of GP-plasma shows a single 66 kDa protein that binds HHPA. IgE immunoblotting shows a major 66 kDa and a minor 28 kDa protein which could be inhibited by HHPA-SA conjugate. IgG immunoblotting showed a major 66 kDa protein and several minor protein bands. CONCLUSION: This study shows SA to be the major protein in plasma that forms adducts in vivo with HHPA. The results also show that in an in vitro synthesized HHPA plasma protein conjugate, HHPA-specific IgE and IgG antibodies bind preferably to the SA. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
organic acid anhydrides, type-1 allergy, hexahydrophthalic anhydride, plasma, protein adducts, serum albumin, ion exchange chromatography, gel filtration, autoradiography, immunoblotting
in
Clinical and Experimental Allergy
volume
31
issue
7
pages
1021 - 1030
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:11467992
  • scopus:0034826158
ISSN
1365-2222
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ac4a5b87-c802-4174-a04e-e8f8d3fb006d (old id 1120676)
date added to LUP
2008-07-01 08:49:27
date last changed
2018-07-15 03:33:41
@article{ac4a5b87-c802-4174-a04e-e8f8d3fb006d,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Organic acid anhydrides (OAAs) are highly allergenic compounds used in the chemical industry. The OAAs probably act as haptens but the proteins that form conjugates with OAAs in vivo are still unknown. Conjugates between the anhydrides and serum albumins (SAs) have routinely been used when testing for OAA-specific antibodies. However, the use of SA as the carrier-protein in these tests has never been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify major and also immunologically relevant protein conjugates of a particularly sensitizing OAA, hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA), in plasma. METHODS: Plasma was obtained from a HHPA-exposed worker, from a guinea-pig (GP) exposed to HHPA in an exposure chamber for 2 weeks (8 h/day, 5 days/week) and from a GP exposed once, nose-only, to tritium-labelled HHPA for 8 h. The plasma was fractionated using ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. These fractions and also aliquots of unfractioned plasma were hydrolysed, derivatized and analysed for anhydride adduct content using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Further, plasma from the tritium labelled HHPA-exposed GP was separated by SDS gel electrophoresis and analysed by autoradiography. In addition, immunologically relevant proteins were identified through specific IgE and IgG immunoblottings using sera from exposed workers. RESULTS: For humans > 85% and for GPs > 74% of the HHPA-adducts coeluted with SA in plasma. Autoradiography of GP-plasma shows a single 66 kDa protein that binds HHPA. IgE immunoblotting shows a major 66 kDa and a minor 28 kDa protein which could be inhibited by HHPA-SA conjugate. IgG immunoblotting showed a major 66 kDa protein and several minor protein bands. CONCLUSION: This study shows SA to be the major protein in plasma that forms adducts in vivo with HHPA. The results also show that in an in vitro synthesized HHPA plasma protein conjugate, HHPA-specific IgE and IgG antibodies bind preferably to the SA.},
  author       = {Johannesson, Gunvor and Rosqvist, S and Lindh, Christian and Welinder, Hans and Jönsson, Bo A},
  issn         = {1365-2222},
  keyword      = {organic acid anhydrides,type-1 allergy,hexahydrophthalic anhydride,plasma,protein adducts,serum albumin,ion exchange chromatography,gel filtration,autoradiography,immunoblotting},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1021--1030},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Clinical and Experimental Allergy},
  title        = {Serum albumins are the major site for in vivo formation of hapten-carrier protein adducts in plasma from humans and guinea-pigs exposed to type-1 allergy inducing hexahydrophthalic anhydride},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2001},
}