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Comparison of fatty acid profile in plasma phospholipids in women from Granada (southern Spain) and Malmo (southern Sweden)

Chajes, V; Elmståhl, Sölve LU ; Martinez-Garcia, C; Van Kappel, A L; Bianchini, F; Kaaks, R and Riboli, E (2001) In International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 71(4). p.237-242
Abstract
We conducted a first pilot study on healthy women living in two countries with different dietary habits, Granada in the south of Spain and Malmo in the south of Sweden, in order to compare their levels of plasma phospholipid fatty acids, and to examine the relationship between the differences in food consumption. This study is part of a pilot study which is nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, a multi-centre prospective cohort study on diet, plasma concentrations of antioxidants and fatty acids, and markers of oxidative stress. Thirty-nine women in Granada and thirty-eight women in Malmo, aged 45-50 years (all pre-menopausal) were selected among the female participants in the cohorts from these two... (More)
We conducted a first pilot study on healthy women living in two countries with different dietary habits, Granada in the south of Spain and Malmo in the south of Sweden, in order to compare their levels of plasma phospholipid fatty acids, and to examine the relationship between the differences in food consumption. This study is part of a pilot study which is nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, a multi-centre prospective cohort study on diet, plasma concentrations of antioxidants and fatty acids, and markers of oxidative stress. Thirty-nine women in Granada and thirty-eight women in Malmo, aged 45-50 years (all pre-menopausal) were selected among the female participants in the cohorts from these two countries. Individual measurements of the women's habitual diet were obtained by a food frequency questionnaire. 24-hour diet recalls were used for the standardised measurement of diet at group level. Plasma phospholipid fatty acid composition was determined by capillary gas chromatography. We found a different fatty acid profile in plasma between the two populations, with higher mean levels of palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1) (n-7), oleic acid (18:1), alpha-linolenic acid (18:3) (n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5) (n-3), and lower mean levels of stearic acid (18:0) in Malmo compared to Granada. Women in Malmo consumed more meat, alcoholic beverages and sugar, and less fish and shellfish than women in Granada. We conclude that the fatty acid composition in plasma phospholipids is different between women from the two European centres. For polyunsaturated fatty acids, differences were observed for (n-3) fatty acids. In relation to these differences, we observed that specific food intakes, particularly meat and fish, varied between the two centres. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
volume
71
issue
4
pages
237 - 242
publisher
Verlag Hans Huber
external identifiers
  • pmid:11582859
  • scopus:0034837879
ISSN
0300-9831
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
41d35d51-0889-4a0d-9ca9-795a15bdbdea (old id 1120712)
date added to LUP
2008-06-25 16:18:54
date last changed
2018-01-07 08:55:58
@article{41d35d51-0889-4a0d-9ca9-795a15bdbdea,
  abstract     = {We conducted a first pilot study on healthy women living in two countries with different dietary habits, Granada in the south of Spain and Malmo in the south of Sweden, in order to compare their levels of plasma phospholipid fatty acids, and to examine the relationship between the differences in food consumption. This study is part of a pilot study which is nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, a multi-centre prospective cohort study on diet, plasma concentrations of antioxidants and fatty acids, and markers of oxidative stress. Thirty-nine women in Granada and thirty-eight women in Malmo, aged 45-50 years (all pre-menopausal) were selected among the female participants in the cohorts from these two countries. Individual measurements of the women's habitual diet were obtained by a food frequency questionnaire. 24-hour diet recalls were used for the standardised measurement of diet at group level. Plasma phospholipid fatty acid composition was determined by capillary gas chromatography. We found a different fatty acid profile in plasma between the two populations, with higher mean levels of palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1) (n-7), oleic acid (18:1), alpha-linolenic acid (18:3) (n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5) (n-3), and lower mean levels of stearic acid (18:0) in Malmo compared to Granada. Women in Malmo consumed more meat, alcoholic beverages and sugar, and less fish and shellfish than women in Granada. We conclude that the fatty acid composition in plasma phospholipids is different between women from the two European centres. For polyunsaturated fatty acids, differences were observed for (n-3) fatty acids. In relation to these differences, we observed that specific food intakes, particularly meat and fish, varied between the two centres.},
  author       = {Chajes, V and Elmståhl, Sölve and Martinez-Garcia, C and Van Kappel, A L and Bianchini, F and Kaaks, R and Riboli, E},
  issn         = {0300-9831},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {237--242},
  publisher    = {Verlag Hans Huber},
  series       = {International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research},
  title        = {Comparison of fatty acid profile in plasma phospholipids in women from Granada (southern Spain) and Malmo (southern Sweden)},
  volume       = {71},
  year         = {2001},
}