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Plasma carotenoids in relation to food consumption in Granada (southern Spain) and Malmo (southern Sweden)

van Kappel, Anne Linda; Martinez-Garcia, Carmen; Elmståhl, Sölve LU ; Steghens, Jean-Paul; Chajes, Véronique; Bianchini, Franca; Kaaks, Rudolf and Riboli, Elio (2001) In International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 71(2). p.97-102
Abstract
We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study on healthy pre-menopausal women (aged 45-50 years) living in Granada, in the south of Spain (n = 39) and Malmo, in the south of Sweden (n = 38) in order to compare their plasma carotenoid levels and to investigate the relationship between the differences in food consumption. Plasma concentrations of six carotenoids were measured using high performance liquid chromatography, habitual diet (at individual level) was estimated by food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour diet recalls were used for standardised measurement of diet at group-level. We found that women in Granada consumed more fruit and vegetables than women in Malmo. Plasma concentrations of beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, zeaxanthin,... (More)
We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study on healthy pre-menopausal women (aged 45-50 years) living in Granada, in the south of Spain (n = 39) and Malmo, in the south of Sweden (n = 38) in order to compare their plasma carotenoid levels and to investigate the relationship between the differences in food consumption. Plasma concentrations of six carotenoids were measured using high performance liquid chromatography, habitual diet (at individual level) was estimated by food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour diet recalls were used for standardised measurement of diet at group-level. We found that women in Granada consumed more fruit and vegetables than women in Malmo. Plasma concentrations of beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, zeaxanthin, total carotenoids and alpha-tocopherol were higher in Granada than in Malmo, although plasma concentrations of alpha-carotene and retinol were higher in Malmo. Both within and between study centres, consumption of fruit and vegetables correlated positively with plasma concentrations of different carotenoids. The study showed that differences in consumption of fruit and vegetables between the two European centres were reflected in plasma carotenoid concentrations. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Carotenoids, diet, plasma, Spain, Sweden
in
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
volume
71
issue
2
pages
97 - 102
publisher
Verlag Hans Huber
external identifiers
  • pmid:11339111
  • scopus:0034914787
ISSN
0300-9831
DOI
10.1024/0300-9831.71.2.97
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9b1a68c4-423f-407e-9709-ffeef104ff0c (old id 1120729)
date added to LUP
2008-07-17 09:07:29
date last changed
2018-01-07 08:37:03
@article{9b1a68c4-423f-407e-9709-ffeef104ff0c,
  abstract     = {We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study on healthy pre-menopausal women (aged 45-50 years) living in Granada, in the south of Spain (n = 39) and Malmo, in the south of Sweden (n = 38) in order to compare their plasma carotenoid levels and to investigate the relationship between the differences in food consumption. Plasma concentrations of six carotenoids were measured using high performance liquid chromatography, habitual diet (at individual level) was estimated by food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour diet recalls were used for standardised measurement of diet at group-level. We found that women in Granada consumed more fruit and vegetables than women in Malmo. Plasma concentrations of beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, zeaxanthin, total carotenoids and alpha-tocopherol were higher in Granada than in Malmo, although plasma concentrations of alpha-carotene and retinol were higher in Malmo. Both within and between study centres, consumption of fruit and vegetables correlated positively with plasma concentrations of different carotenoids. The study showed that differences in consumption of fruit and vegetables between the two European centres were reflected in plasma carotenoid concentrations.},
  author       = {van Kappel, Anne Linda and Martinez-Garcia, Carmen and Elmståhl, Sölve and Steghens, Jean-Paul and Chajes, Véronique and Bianchini, Franca and Kaaks, Rudolf and Riboli, Elio},
  issn         = {0300-9831},
  keyword      = {Carotenoids,diet,plasma,Spain,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {97--102},
  publisher    = {Verlag Hans Huber},
  series       = {International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research},
  title        = {Plasma carotenoids in relation to food consumption in Granada (southern Spain) and Malmo (southern Sweden)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831.71.2.97},
  volume       = {71},
  year         = {2001},
}