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Social capital and sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood: a population-based multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden.

Lindström, Martin LU ; Merlo, Juan LU and Östergren, Per-Olof LU (2003) In Social Science and Medicine 56(5). p.1111-1120
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of social capital on self-reported sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood. The public health survey in Malmö, Sweden in 1994 was a cross-sectional study. A total of 5600 individuals aged 20–80 years were asked to answer a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71%. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. We analysed the effect (intra-area correlation, cross-level modification and odds ratios) of individual (social participation) and neighbourhood social capital (electoral participation in the 1994 municipal election) on sense of insecurity after adjustment for compositional factors.... (More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of social capital on self-reported sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood. The public health survey in Malmö, Sweden in 1994 was a cross-sectional study. A total of 5600 individuals aged 20–80 years were asked to answer a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71%. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. We analysed the effect (intra-area correlation, cross-level modification and odds ratios) of individual (social participation) and neighbourhood social capital (electoral participation in the 1994 municipal election) on sense of insecurity after adjustment for compositional factors. Neighbourhood factors accounted for 7.2% of the total variance in individual insecurity. This effect was marginally reduced when the individual factors were included in the model. In contrast, it was reduced by 70% by the introduction of the contextual variable. This study suggests that social capital, measured as electoral participation, may partly explain the individual's sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Social capital, Sense of insecurity, Fear of crime, Neighbourhood, Multilevel, Sweden
in
Social Science and Medicine
volume
56
issue
5
pages
1111 - 1120
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000181212000018
  • pmid:12593882
  • scopus:0037367258
ISSN
1873-5347
DOI
10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00114-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
03a651e7-500b-4bef-bb51-6893fee36e9e (old id 112279)
date added to LUP
2007-07-24 15:41:22
date last changed
2018-01-07 06:27:20
@article{03a651e7-500b-4bef-bb51-6893fee36e9e,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of social capital on self-reported sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood. The public health survey in Malmö, Sweden in 1994 was a cross-sectional study. A total of 5600 individuals aged 20–80 years were asked to answer a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71%. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. We analysed the effect (intra-area correlation, cross-level modification and odds ratios) of individual (social participation) and neighbourhood social capital (electoral participation in the 1994 municipal election) on sense of insecurity after adjustment for compositional factors. Neighbourhood factors accounted for 7.2% of the total variance in individual insecurity. This effect was marginally reduced when the individual factors were included in the model. In contrast, it was reduced by 70% by the introduction of the contextual variable. This study suggests that social capital, measured as electoral participation, may partly explain the individual's sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood.},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin and Merlo, Juan and Östergren, Per-Olof},
  issn         = {1873-5347},
  keyword      = {Social capital,Sense of insecurity,Fear of crime,Neighbourhood,Multilevel,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1111--1120},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Social Science and Medicine},
  title        = {Social capital and sense of insecurity in the neighbourhood: a population-based multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00114-4},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2003},
}