Advanced

Yearly measurements of blood lead in Swedish children since 1978: an update focusing on the petrol lead free period 1995-2001.

Strömberg, Ulf LU ; Lundh, Thomas LU ; Schütz, A and Skerfving, Staffan LU (2003) In Occupational and Environmental Medicine1994-01-01+01:00 60(5). p.370-372
Abstract
Background and Aims: To assess blood lead concentrations (B-Pb) in children not exposed to petrol lead. In a previous paper we reported the results for the period 1978–94 (2441 children measured). A substantial decrease of B-Pb was found, which reflected a beneficial effect of gradual banning of petrol lead. Since 1994, petrol sold in Sweden has not contained lead.



Methods: In the south of Sweden, each year from 1995 to 2001, B-Pb was measured in 329 boys and 345 girls, aged 7–11 years.



Results: The geometric mean (GM) of B-Pb was 21 (range 6–80) µg/l. There was no consistent change of B-Pb from 1995 to 2001. Children living near a lead smelter had raised B-Pb (GM 24 µg/l, range 11–80). Passive... (More)
Background and Aims: To assess blood lead concentrations (B-Pb) in children not exposed to petrol lead. In a previous paper we reported the results for the period 1978–94 (2441 children measured). A substantial decrease of B-Pb was found, which reflected a beneficial effect of gradual banning of petrol lead. Since 1994, petrol sold in Sweden has not contained lead.



Methods: In the south of Sweden, each year from 1995 to 2001, B-Pb was measured in 329 boys and 345 girls, aged 7–11 years.



Results: The geometric mean (GM) of B-Pb was 21 (range 6–80) µg/l. There was no consistent change of B-Pb from 1995 to 2001. Children living near a lead smelter had raised B-Pb (GM 24 µg/l, range 11–80). Passive smoking, but not age and sex, influenced B-Pb significantly.



Conclusions: B-Pb in Swedish children, no longer exposed to petrol lead, seems to have stabilised at an average level close to 20 µg/l (provided there is no nearby industrial lead emission). (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Occupational and Environmental Medicine1994-01-01+01:00
volume
60
issue
5
pages
370 - 372
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000182407200011
  • pmid:12709524
  • scopus:0038410129
ISSN
1470-7926
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4d0dd649-71a9-4bc3-9f04-6c4a9c9b8c23 (old id 113200)
alternative location
http://oem.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/60/5/370
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12709524&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-07-12 12:04:04
date last changed
2018-06-24 04:34:17
@article{4d0dd649-71a9-4bc3-9f04-6c4a9c9b8c23,
  abstract     = {Background and Aims: To assess blood lead concentrations (B-Pb) in children not exposed to petrol lead. In a previous paper we reported the results for the period 1978–94 (2441 children measured). A substantial decrease of B-Pb was found, which reflected a beneficial effect of gradual banning of petrol lead. Since 1994, petrol sold in Sweden has not contained lead.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Methods: In the south of Sweden, each year from 1995 to 2001, B-Pb was measured in 329 boys and 345 girls, aged 7–11 years.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results: The geometric mean (GM) of B-Pb was 21 (range 6–80) µg/l. There was no consistent change of B-Pb from 1995 to 2001. Children living near a lead smelter had raised B-Pb (GM 24 µg/l, range 11–80). Passive smoking, but not age and sex, influenced B-Pb significantly.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Conclusions: B-Pb in Swedish children, no longer exposed to petrol lead, seems to have stabilised at an average level close to 20 µg/l (provided there is no nearby industrial lead emission).},
  author       = {Strömberg, Ulf and Lundh, Thomas and Schütz, A and Skerfving, Staffan},
  issn         = {1470-7926},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {370--372},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {Occupational and Environmental Medicine1994-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Yearly measurements of blood lead in Swedish children since 1978: an update focusing on the petrol lead free period 1995-2001.},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2003},
}