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Gene expression profiling for the identification of G-protein coupled receptors in human platelets

Amisten, Stefan LU ; Braun, Oscar LU ; Bengtsson, Anders LU and Erlinge, David LU (2008) In Thrombosis Research 122(1). p.47-57
Abstract
INTRODUCTION AND MATERIALS AND METHODS: G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) play an important role in platelet aggregation. To identify new platelet GPCRs, a platelet gene expression profile was generated and validated using quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: In total, mRNA of 28 GPCR genes was detected in human platelets. The 12 most abundant platelet GPCR transcripts were: thrombin receptor PAR1 (1865+/-178%), ADP receptor P2Y(12) (459+/-88%), succinate receptor 1 (257+/-48%), ADP receptor P2Y(1) (100%), orphan P2RY(10) (68.2+/-3.3%), lysophosphatidic acid receptors GPR23 (48.2+/-11%) and GPR92 (26.1+/-3.3%), adrenergic receptor alpha(2A) (18.4+/-4.4%), orphan EBI2 (6.31+/-0.42), adenosine receptors A(2A) (2.94+/-0.24%) and A(2B)... (More)
INTRODUCTION AND MATERIALS AND METHODS: G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) play an important role in platelet aggregation. To identify new platelet GPCRs, a platelet gene expression profile was generated and validated using quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: In total, mRNA of 28 GPCR genes was detected in human platelets. The 12 most abundant platelet GPCR transcripts were: thrombin receptor PAR1 (1865+/-178%), ADP receptor P2Y(12) (459+/-88%), succinate receptor 1 (257+/-48%), ADP receptor P2Y(1) (100%), orphan P2RY(10) (68.2+/-3.3%), lysophosphatidic acid receptors GPR23 (48.2+/-11%) and GPR92 (26.1+/-3.3%), adrenergic receptor alpha(2A) (18.4+/-4.4%), orphan EBI2 (6.31+/-0.42), adenosine receptors A(2A) (2.94+/-0.24%) and A(2B) (2.88+/-0.16%) and lysophosphatidic acid receptor LPA(1) (2.59+/-0.39%) (% relative to the chosen calibrator P2Y(1)). A surprising G-protein coupled receptor redundancy was found: two ADP receptors (P2Y(1) and P2Y(12)), three adenosine receptors (A(2A), A(2B), and A(1)), four lysophosphatidic acid receptors (LPA(1), LPA(3), GPR23 and GPR92), two l-glutamate receptors (mGlu(3) and mGlu(4)) and two serotonin receptors (5-HT(1F) and 5-HT(4)). The adenosine receptor A(2B) gene expression was validated with protein expression and functional studies. Western blot confirmed A(2B) receptor protein expression and platelet flow cytometry demonstrated inhibition of the effect of NECA by the adenosine A(2B)-antagonist MRS1754. CONCLUSIONS: We have detected several GPCRs not previously known to be expressed in platelets, including a functional adenosine A(2B) receptor. The findings could improve our understanding of platelet aggregation and provide new targets for drug development. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
GPCR, Adenosine, Microarray, P2 receptors, mRNA, Platelets
in
Thrombosis Research
volume
122
issue
1
pages
47 - 57
external identifiers
  • pmid:17920662
  • wos:000256114100007
  • scopus:42649146229
ISSN
1879-2472
DOI
10.1016/j.thromres.2007.08.014
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bf0876cb-d861-449e-8af4-8caa154a1a0b (old id 1140022)
date added to LUP
2008-04-29 11:47:52
date last changed
2017-09-17 04:53:48
@article{bf0876cb-d861-449e-8af4-8caa154a1a0b,
  abstract     = {INTRODUCTION AND MATERIALS AND METHODS: G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) play an important role in platelet aggregation. To identify new platelet GPCRs, a platelet gene expression profile was generated and validated using quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: In total, mRNA of 28 GPCR genes was detected in human platelets. The 12 most abundant platelet GPCR transcripts were: thrombin receptor PAR1 (1865+/-178%), ADP receptor P2Y(12) (459+/-88%), succinate receptor 1 (257+/-48%), ADP receptor P2Y(1) (100%), orphan P2RY(10) (68.2+/-3.3%), lysophosphatidic acid receptors GPR23 (48.2+/-11%) and GPR92 (26.1+/-3.3%), adrenergic receptor alpha(2A) (18.4+/-4.4%), orphan EBI2 (6.31+/-0.42), adenosine receptors A(2A) (2.94+/-0.24%) and A(2B) (2.88+/-0.16%) and lysophosphatidic acid receptor LPA(1) (2.59+/-0.39%) (% relative to the chosen calibrator P2Y(1)). A surprising G-protein coupled receptor redundancy was found: two ADP receptors (P2Y(1) and P2Y(12)), three adenosine receptors (A(2A), A(2B), and A(1)), four lysophosphatidic acid receptors (LPA(1), LPA(3), GPR23 and GPR92), two l-glutamate receptors (mGlu(3) and mGlu(4)) and two serotonin receptors (5-HT(1F) and 5-HT(4)). The adenosine receptor A(2B) gene expression was validated with protein expression and functional studies. Western blot confirmed A(2B) receptor protein expression and platelet flow cytometry demonstrated inhibition of the effect of NECA by the adenosine A(2B)-antagonist MRS1754. CONCLUSIONS: We have detected several GPCRs not previously known to be expressed in platelets, including a functional adenosine A(2B) receptor. The findings could improve our understanding of platelet aggregation and provide new targets for drug development.},
  author       = {Amisten, Stefan and Braun, Oscar and Bengtsson, Anders and Erlinge, David},
  issn         = {1879-2472},
  keyword      = {GPCR,Adenosine,Microarray,P2 receptors,mRNA,Platelets},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {47--57},
  series       = {Thrombosis Research},
  title        = {Gene expression profiling for the identification of G-protein coupled receptors in human platelets},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2007.08.014},
  volume       = {122},
  year         = {2008},
}