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Personality characteristics and affective status related to cognitive test performance and gender in patients with memory complaints

Vestberg, Susanna LU ; Passant, Ulla LU ; Risberg, Jarl LU and Elfgren, Christina LU (2007) In Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 13(6). p.911-919
Abstract
The aims are to study personality characteristics of patients with memory complaints and to assess the presence of objective (OMI) versus subjective (SMI) memory impairment, the affective status, as well as potential gender differences. The patients were assessed by means of a neuropsychiatric examination and a neuropsychological

test-battery. The Swedish version of the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and the Hospital Anxiety

and Depression Scale (HADS) were used. The 57 patients (38 women, 19 men, mean age 56.9) differed from the Swedish normative group in three of the five personality factors: neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness. This

was mainly because of the scores of the female patients.... (More)
The aims are to study personality characteristics of patients with memory complaints and to assess the presence of objective (OMI) versus subjective (SMI) memory impairment, the affective status, as well as potential gender differences. The patients were assessed by means of a neuropsychiatric examination and a neuropsychological

test-battery. The Swedish version of the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and the Hospital Anxiety

and Depression Scale (HADS) were used. The 57 patients (38 women, 19 men, mean age 56.9) differed from the Swedish normative group in three of the five personality factors: neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness. This

was mainly because of the scores of the female patients. Approximately half of the patients had OMI. No

differences regarding personality factors or affective status were found between OMI and SMI patients. The female

patients scored significantly higher than the male patients on symptoms of anxiety and depression. Neuroticism and symptoms of depression interacted with memory performance and gender. Our findings demonstrate the importance of applying an objective assessment of memory functions and a gender perspective when studying patients with memory complaints. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Mild cognitive impairment, Personality inventory, Neuropsychology, Memory clinic, Subjective memory impairment, Five factor model
in
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
volume
13
issue
6
pages
911 - 919
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000250645000001
  • scopus:35448983841
ISSN
1355-6177
DOI
10.1017/S1355617707071159
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6ef0ff90-4a6f-4e58-bf62-81a7cbd041f6 (old id 1141663)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=17942009&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-08-12 10:19:15
date last changed
2017-07-02 03:38:17
@article{6ef0ff90-4a6f-4e58-bf62-81a7cbd041f6,
  abstract     = {The aims are to study personality characteristics of patients with memory complaints and to assess the presence of objective (OMI) versus subjective (SMI) memory impairment, the affective status, as well as potential gender differences. The patients were assessed by means of a neuropsychiatric examination and a neuropsychological<br/><br>
test-battery. The Swedish version of the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and the Hospital Anxiety<br/><br>
and Depression Scale (HADS) were used. The 57 patients (38 women, 19 men, mean age 56.9) differed from the Swedish normative group in three of the five personality factors: neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness. This<br/><br>
was mainly because of the scores of the female patients. Approximately half of the patients had OMI. No<br/><br>
differences regarding personality factors or affective status were found between OMI and SMI patients. The female<br/><br>
patients scored significantly higher than the male patients on symptoms of anxiety and depression. Neuroticism and symptoms of depression interacted with memory performance and gender. Our findings demonstrate the importance of applying an objective assessment of memory functions and a gender perspective when studying patients with memory complaints.},
  author       = {Vestberg, Susanna and Passant, Ulla and Risberg, Jarl and Elfgren, Christina},
  issn         = {1355-6177},
  keyword      = {Mild cognitive impairment,Personality inventory,Neuropsychology,Memory clinic,Subjective memory impairment,Five factor model},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {911--919},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society},
  title        = {Personality characteristics and affective status related to cognitive test performance and gender in patients with memory complaints},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617707071159},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2007},
}