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Slowing of EEG correlates with CSF biomarkers and reduced cognitive speed in elderly with normal cognition over 4 years.

Stomrud, Erik LU ; Hansson, Oskar LU ; Minthon, Lennart LU ; Blennow, Kaj; Rosén, Ingmar LU and Londos, Elisabet LU (2010) In Neurobiology of Aging 31. p.215-223
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and quantitative EEG show particular patterns of change in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and reflect neuropathologic processes and cerebral function, respectively. The changes precede cognitive decline and should be visible already in preclinical stages. We therefore aimed to investigate their relationship in cognitively healthy individuals. METHOD: Thirty-three (33) elderly individuals with repeated normal scores on cognitive tests over 4.5 years underwent EEG recording with quantitative frequency analysis and analysis of CSF total tau (T-tau), phosphorylated tau (P-tau) and beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42). RESULTS: CSF T-tau and P-tau correlated with relative EEG theta power (r(s)>0.545;... (More)
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and quantitative EEG show particular patterns of change in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and reflect neuropathologic processes and cerebral function, respectively. The changes precede cognitive decline and should be visible already in preclinical stages. We therefore aimed to investigate their relationship in cognitively healthy individuals. METHOD: Thirty-three (33) elderly individuals with repeated normal scores on cognitive tests over 4.5 years underwent EEG recording with quantitative frequency analysis and analysis of CSF total tau (T-tau), phosphorylated tau (P-tau) and beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42). RESULTS: CSF T-tau and P-tau correlated with relative EEG theta power (r(s)>0.545; p<0.01), but not with relative alpha, beta or delta power. The combined P-tau/Abeta42 ratio exhibited an even stronger correlation with relative theta power (r(s)=0.622; p<0.001), especially in the right posterior quadrant of the head (r(s)=0.643; p<10(-4)). Slowing of cognitive speed correlated with increased relative theta power, foremost in the posterior quadrants (r(s)>0.503; p<0.01), and high P-tau/Abeta42 ratio (r(s)>0.462; p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that already in cognitively healthy elderly subjects, biochemical changes in CSF, and the possible underlying neuropathologic processes it reflects, have an effect on cerebral function as visualized by the EEG rhythm and cognitive speed. It hereby suggests that CSF biomarkers and EEG theta activity might indicate early abnormal degenerative changes in the brain. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Neurobiology of Aging
volume
31
pages
215 - 223
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000276759400004
  • pmid:18462837
  • scopus:71349085112
ISSN
1558-1497
DOI
10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2008.03.025
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2060d19a-6e21-46f2-bbe3-68d440d05ff5 (old id 1154463)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18462837?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-06-03 14:27:28
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:56:11
@article{2060d19a-6e21-46f2-bbe3-68d440d05ff5,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and quantitative EEG show particular patterns of change in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and reflect neuropathologic processes and cerebral function, respectively. The changes precede cognitive decline and should be visible already in preclinical stages. We therefore aimed to investigate their relationship in cognitively healthy individuals. METHOD: Thirty-three (33) elderly individuals with repeated normal scores on cognitive tests over 4.5 years underwent EEG recording with quantitative frequency analysis and analysis of CSF total tau (T-tau), phosphorylated tau (P-tau) and beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42). RESULTS: CSF T-tau and P-tau correlated with relative EEG theta power (r(s)&gt;0.545; p&lt;0.01), but not with relative alpha, beta or delta power. The combined P-tau/Abeta42 ratio exhibited an even stronger correlation with relative theta power (r(s)=0.622; p&lt;0.001), especially in the right posterior quadrant of the head (r(s)=0.643; p&lt;10(-4)). Slowing of cognitive speed correlated with increased relative theta power, foremost in the posterior quadrants (r(s)&gt;0.503; p&lt;0.01), and high P-tau/Abeta42 ratio (r(s)&gt;0.462; p&lt;0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that already in cognitively healthy elderly subjects, biochemical changes in CSF, and the possible underlying neuropathologic processes it reflects, have an effect on cerebral function as visualized by the EEG rhythm and cognitive speed. It hereby suggests that CSF biomarkers and EEG theta activity might indicate early abnormal degenerative changes in the brain.},
  author       = {Stomrud, Erik and Hansson, Oskar and Minthon, Lennart and Blennow, Kaj and Rosén, Ingmar and Londos, Elisabet},
  issn         = {1558-1497},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {215--223},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Neurobiology of Aging},
  title        = {Slowing of EEG correlates with CSF biomarkers and reduced cognitive speed in elderly with normal cognition over 4 years.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2008.03.025},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2010},
}