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Relationship between vitamin use, smoking, and nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.

Källén, Bengt LU ; Lundberg, Gittan and Åberg, Anders E LU (2003) In Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 82(10). p.916-920
Abstract
Background. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common complaint but risk factors for NVP are not well characterized.



Methods. Occurrence of NVP was studied by questionnaires given to pregnant women at their first visit to the antenatal care unit and were returned around gestational week 28.



Results. Analysis of 3675 completed questionnaires was made. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy was reported by 79% of the women, approximately half of which had been vomiting. Various therapies (drugs, acupuncture, acupressure) were tried by 18% of the women with NVP, of which the majority used drugs, most notably antihistamines (specifically meclozine). Hospitalization occurred in 1% of all women. Nausea... (More)
Background. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common complaint but risk factors for NVP are not well characterized.



Methods. Occurrence of NVP was studied by questionnaires given to pregnant women at their first visit to the antenatal care unit and were returned around gestational week 28.



Results. Analysis of 3675 completed questionnaires was made. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy was reported by 79% of the women, approximately half of which had been vomiting. Various therapies (drugs, acupuncture, acupressure) were tried by 18% of the women with NVP, of which the majority used drugs, most notably antihistamines (specifically meclozine). Hospitalization occurred in 1% of all women. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy caused 28% of all sick-leaves during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Low maternal age and parity 1+ independently increased the risk for NVP. Smoking before pregnancy and using vitamins in early pregnancy were associated with a decreased risk for NVP. Women working outside the home had a lower rate of NVP than housewives and women out of work.



Conclusions. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is a common complaint with a significant impact on leave of absence from work. The study identifies a number of factors that are related to the occurrence of NVP and that may give hints on the etiology of the condition. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
volume
82
issue
10
pages
916 - 920
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000185198300004
  • pmid:12956841
  • scopus:0141426896
ISSN
1600-0412
DOI
10.1034/j.1600-0412.2003.00307.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
10e418eb-52e7-4008-af7c-cbc40ae66559 (old id 117938)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12956841&dopt=Citation
date added to LUP
2007-07-18 09:24:06
date last changed
2018-01-07 09:06:30
@article{10e418eb-52e7-4008-af7c-cbc40ae66559,
  abstract     = {Background. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is a common complaint but risk factors for NVP are not well characterized.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Methods. Occurrence of NVP was studied by questionnaires given to pregnant women at their first visit to the antenatal care unit and were returned around gestational week 28.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results. Analysis of 3675 completed questionnaires was made. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy was reported by 79% of the women, approximately half of which had been vomiting. Various therapies (drugs, acupuncture, acupressure) were tried by 18% of the women with NVP, of which the majority used drugs, most notably antihistamines (specifically meclozine). Hospitalization occurred in 1% of all women. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy caused 28% of all sick-leaves during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Low maternal age and parity 1+ independently increased the risk for NVP. Smoking before pregnancy and using vitamins in early pregnancy were associated with a decreased risk for NVP. Women working outside the home had a lower rate of NVP than housewives and women out of work.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Conclusions. Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is a common complaint with a significant impact on leave of absence from work. The study identifies a number of factors that are related to the occurrence of NVP and that may give hints on the etiology of the condition.},
  author       = {Källén, Bengt and Lundberg, Gittan and Åberg, Anders E},
  issn         = {1600-0412},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {916--920},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica},
  title        = {Relationship between vitamin use, smoking, and nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0412.2003.00307.x},
  volume       = {82},
  year         = {2003},
}