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Endotoxin receptor CD14 in PiZ alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency individuals

Sandström, Caroline LU ; Novoradovskaya, Natalia; Cilio, Corrado LU ; Piitulainen, Eeva LU ; Sveger, Tomas LU and Janciauskiene, Sabina LU (2008) In Respiratory Research 9(34).
Abstract
Background: CD14, a receptor for lipopolysaccharides (LPS), is found in both a membrane-bound form (mCD14) and a soluble form (sCD14). It is suggested that sCD14 is mainly released from blood monocytes by serine protease-mediated shedding. Because alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT), an inhibitor of serine proteases, has been shown to regulate CD14 expression in human monocytes in vitro, we sought to investigate plasma levels of sCD14 and monocyte expression of mCD14 in subjects at age 30 years with normal MM and deficient PiZZ and PiSZ genotypes of AAT. Methods: Plasma levels of AAT and sCD14 were measured in 75 PiZZ and 34 PiSZ individuals with normal lung function identified from the Swedish neonatal AAT deficiency screening, and in 95 age... (More)
Background: CD14, a receptor for lipopolysaccharides (LPS), is found in both a membrane-bound form (mCD14) and a soluble form (sCD14). It is suggested that sCD14 is mainly released from blood monocytes by serine protease-mediated shedding. Because alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT), an inhibitor of serine proteases, has been shown to regulate CD14 expression in human monocytes in vitro, we sought to investigate plasma levels of sCD14 and monocyte expression of mCD14 in subjects at age 30 years with normal MM and deficient PiZZ and PiSZ genotypes of AAT. Methods: Plasma levels of AAT and sCD14 were measured in 75 PiZZ and 34 PiSZ individuals with normal lung function identified from the Swedish neonatal AAT deficiency screening, and in 95 age matched PiMM controls. The mCD14 expression in monocytes from 9 PiZZ, 6 PiSZ and 11 PiMM subjects was analysed by FACS and Quantitative Real Time Reverse Transcription PCA. Results: As expected, plasma AAT concentrations were PiMM > PiSZ > PiZZ (p < 0.001). Plasma sCD14 levels were higher in PiZZ than in PiMM subjects (p < 0.01). The expression level of mCD14 was higher (1.89-fold) in monocytes isolated from PiZZ subjects compared to PiMM controls (p = 0.00189). Conclusion: This study is the first to show higher levels of plasma sCD14 and monocyte mCD14 expression in young, clinically healthy PiZZ AAT subjects. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Respiratory Research
volume
9
issue
34
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000256149400001
  • scopus:44849116002
ISSN
1465-9921
DOI
10.1186/1465-9921-9-34
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9a703493-6815-4115-b31e-90cedcb09b37 (old id 1201984)
date added to LUP
2008-09-15 13:27:14
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:27:34
@article{9a703493-6815-4115-b31e-90cedcb09b37,
  abstract     = {Background: CD14, a receptor for lipopolysaccharides (LPS), is found in both a membrane-bound form (mCD14) and a soluble form (sCD14). It is suggested that sCD14 is mainly released from blood monocytes by serine protease-mediated shedding. Because alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT), an inhibitor of serine proteases, has been shown to regulate CD14 expression in human monocytes in vitro, we sought to investigate plasma levels of sCD14 and monocyte expression of mCD14 in subjects at age 30 years with normal MM and deficient PiZZ and PiSZ genotypes of AAT. Methods: Plasma levels of AAT and sCD14 were measured in 75 PiZZ and 34 PiSZ individuals with normal lung function identified from the Swedish neonatal AAT deficiency screening, and in 95 age matched PiMM controls. The mCD14 expression in monocytes from 9 PiZZ, 6 PiSZ and 11 PiMM subjects was analysed by FACS and Quantitative Real Time Reverse Transcription PCA. Results: As expected, plasma AAT concentrations were PiMM &gt; PiSZ &gt; PiZZ (p &lt; 0.001). Plasma sCD14 levels were higher in PiZZ than in PiMM subjects (p &lt; 0.01). The expression level of mCD14 was higher (1.89-fold) in monocytes isolated from PiZZ subjects compared to PiMM controls (p = 0.00189). Conclusion: This study is the first to show higher levels of plasma sCD14 and monocyte mCD14 expression in young, clinically healthy PiZZ AAT subjects.},
  articleno    = {7 pp},
  author       = {Sandström, Caroline and Novoradovskaya, Natalia and Cilio, Corrado and Piitulainen, Eeva and Sveger, Tomas and Janciauskiene, Sabina},
  issn         = {1465-9921},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {34},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {Respiratory Research},
  title        = {Endotoxin receptor CD14 in PiZ alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency individuals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1465-9921-9-34},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2008},
}