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Children's and adults' realism in their event-recall confidence in responses to free recall and focused questions

Allwood, Carl Martin LU ; Innes-Ker, Åse LU ; Ebberline, Jessica LU and Fredin, Gunilla LU (2008) In Psychology, Crime and Law 14(6). p.529-547
Abstract
Two experiments examined the realism in the confidence of 8-9-year-olds,12-13-year-olds and adults in their free recall and answers to focused questions after viewing a short videoclip. A different videoclip was shown in each experiment and the focused questions differed in difficulty. In both experiments the youngest age group, in contrast to the two other age groups, showed no overconfidence in their confidence judgements for the free recall. The free recall results also showed that the youngest group had lower completeness but similar correctness as the adults. There was a tendency, over both experiments, for the participants to show poorer realism for the focused questions than for the free recall, especially when questions with... (More)
Two experiments examined the realism in the confidence of 8-9-year-olds,12-13-year-olds and adults in their free recall and answers to focused questions after viewing a short videoclip. A different videoclip was shown in each experiment and the focused questions differed in difficulty. In both experiments the youngest age group, in contrast to the two other age groups, showed no overconfidence in their confidence judgements for the free recall. The free recall results also showed that the youngest group had lower completeness but similar correctness as the adults. There was a tendency, over both experiments, for the participants to show poorer realism for the focused questions than for the free recall, especially when questions with content already mentioned in the free recall were excluded from the analyses of the focused questions in Experiment1. The study shows the importance of questionformat when evaluating the credibility of the confidence shown by 8-9-year-old children in their own testimony. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
confidence, focused questions, free recall, eyewitnesses, event memory, age, calibration
in
Psychology, Crime and Law
volume
14
issue
6
pages
529 - 547
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000260924900005
  • scopus:56549089501
ISSN
1477-2744
DOI
10.1080/10683160801961231
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
27544e14-9ef5-443f-9b1d-90356f96b6d5 (old id 1272374)
date added to LUP
2009-02-25 13:59:18
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:34:33
@article{27544e14-9ef5-443f-9b1d-90356f96b6d5,
  abstract     = {Two experiments examined the realism in the confidence of 8-9-year-olds,12-13-year-olds and adults in their free recall and answers to focused questions after viewing a short videoclip. A different videoclip was shown in each experiment and the focused questions differed in difficulty. In both experiments the youngest age group, in contrast to the two other age groups, showed no overconfidence in their confidence judgements for the free recall. The free recall results also showed that the youngest group had lower completeness but similar correctness as the adults. There was a tendency, over both experiments, for the participants to show poorer realism for the focused questions than for the free recall, especially when questions with content already mentioned in the free recall were excluded from the analyses of the focused questions in Experiment1. The study shows the importance of questionformat when evaluating the credibility of the confidence shown by 8-9-year-old children in their own testimony.},
  author       = {Allwood, Carl Martin and Innes-Ker, Åse and Ebberline, Jessica and Fredin, Gunilla},
  issn         = {1477-2744},
  keyword      = {confidence,focused questions,free recall,eyewitnesses,event memory,age,calibration},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {529--547},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Psychology, Crime and Law},
  title        = {Children's and adults' realism in their event-recall confidence in responses to free recall and focused questions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10683160801961231},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2008},
}