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Changes in expression of PACAP in rat sensory neurons in response to sciatic nerve compression.

Pettersson, Lina LU ; Dahlin, Lars LU and Danielsen, Nils LU (2004) In European Journal of Neuroscience 20(7). p.1838-1848
Abstract
In the present study, expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and sciatic nerve following experimental sciatic nerve compression was studied with the use of quantitative immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Previously, we have investigated changes in PACAP expression after nerve transection and, here, the far more frequently encountered condition of nerve compression injury is examined. Nerve compression was performed unilaterally on the rat sciatic nerve, at mid-thigh level, by application of a narrow silicone tube around the nerve for 3, 7, 14 or 28 days, respectively. We detect a statistically significant upregulation in the number and density of PACAP... (More)
In the present study, expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and sciatic nerve following experimental sciatic nerve compression was studied with the use of quantitative immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Previously, we have investigated changes in PACAP expression after nerve transection and, here, the far more frequently encountered condition of nerve compression injury is examined. Nerve compression was performed unilaterally on the rat sciatic nerve, at mid-thigh level, by application of a narrow silicone tube around the nerve for 3, 7, 14 or 28 days, respectively. We detect a statistically significant upregulation in the number and density of PACAP mRNA expression in both small and large DRG neurons in response to nerve compression. An increased number of PACAP-immunoreactive neurons is also found in the ipsilateral DRG. In addition, PACAP immunoreactivity is observed in the compressed sciatic nerve segment and adjacent nerve tissue after nerve compression. The present findings can be compared with previous studies where we have shown that PACAP expression is upregulated in DRG; in response to peripheral inflammation (primarily in small-medium neurons), and after axotomy (dramatic upregulation in medium-large neurons). In view of the recent findings of an increased PACAP expression in DRG after nerve compression, as well as the previous findings of a modulation of PACAP expression in response to axotomy and inflammation, it is likely that PACAP is also involved in the modulation of the response to peripheral nerve compression. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Neuroscience
volume
20
issue
7
pages
1838 - 1848
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000223996900016
  • pmid:15380005
  • scopus:8144225360
ISSN
1460-9568
DOI
10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03644.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
334d6d1d-b8fd-44c6-aa7e-317092473357 (old id 127292)
date added to LUP
2007-07-18 16:31:47
date last changed
2017-04-02 03:25:27
@article{334d6d1d-b8fd-44c6-aa7e-317092473357,
  abstract     = {In the present study, expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and sciatic nerve following experimental sciatic nerve compression was studied with the use of quantitative immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Previously, we have investigated changes in PACAP expression after nerve transection and, here, the far more frequently encountered condition of nerve compression injury is examined. Nerve compression was performed unilaterally on the rat sciatic nerve, at mid-thigh level, by application of a narrow silicone tube around the nerve for 3, 7, 14 or 28 days, respectively. We detect a statistically significant upregulation in the number and density of PACAP mRNA expression in both small and large DRG neurons in response to nerve compression. An increased number of PACAP-immunoreactive neurons is also found in the ipsilateral DRG. In addition, PACAP immunoreactivity is observed in the compressed sciatic nerve segment and adjacent nerve tissue after nerve compression. The present findings can be compared with previous studies where we have shown that PACAP expression is upregulated in DRG; in response to peripheral inflammation (primarily in small-medium neurons), and after axotomy (dramatic upregulation in medium-large neurons). In view of the recent findings of an increased PACAP expression in DRG after nerve compression, as well as the previous findings of a modulation of PACAP expression in response to axotomy and inflammation, it is likely that PACAP is also involved in the modulation of the response to peripheral nerve compression.},
  author       = {Pettersson, Lina and Dahlin, Lars and Danielsen, Nils},
  issn         = {1460-9568},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1838--1848},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {European Journal of Neuroscience},
  title        = {Changes in expression of PACAP in rat sensory neurons in response to sciatic nerve compression.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03644.x},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2004},
}