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Rasch analysis of an instrument for measuring occupational value: Implications for theory and practice.

Eklund, Mona LU ; Erlandsson, Lena-Karin LU ; Persson, Dennis LU and Hagell, Peter LU (2009) In Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 16. p.118-128
Abstract
This study investigated psychometric properties of an instrument for assessing perceived occupational value, the 26-item OVal-pd. Data from 225 Swedish subjects with and without known mental illness were analysed regarding fit to the Rasch measurement model (partial credit model), differential item functioning (DIF), and functioning of the OVal-pd four-category response scale. The reliability (index of person separation, analogous to Cronbach's alpha) was good (0.92) but there were signs of overall and item level (six items) misfit. There was DIF between people with and without mental illness for three items. Iterative deletion of misfitting items resulted in a new 18-item DIF-free scale with good overall and individual item fit and... (More)
This study investigated psychometric properties of an instrument for assessing perceived occupational value, the 26-item OVal-pd. Data from 225 Swedish subjects with and without known mental illness were analysed regarding fit to the Rasch measurement model (partial credit model), differential item functioning (DIF), and functioning of the OVal-pd four-category response scale. The reliability (index of person separation, analogous to Cronbach's alpha) was good (0.92) but there were signs of overall and item level (six items) misfit. There was DIF between people with and without mental illness for three items. Iterative deletion of misfitting items resulted in a new 18-item DIF-free scale with good overall and individual item fit and maintained reliability (0.91). There were no disordered response category thresholds. These observations also held true in separate analyses among people with and without mental illness. Thus, the first steps of ensuring that occupational value can be measured in a valid and reliable way have been taken. Still, occupational value is a dynamic construct and the aspects that fit the construct may vary between contexts. This has implications for, e.g., cross-cultural research and calls for identification of a core set of culture-free items to allow for valid cross-cultural comparisons. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
volume
16
pages
118 - 128
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • WOS:000266150200007
  • PMID:19085211
  • Scopus:69149107045
ISSN
1651-2014
DOI
10.1080/11038120802596253
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d63be552-96a6-4124-939a-721d9e25b0cf (old id 1276175)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19085211?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-01-09 12:03:27
date last changed
2017-01-08 05:28:11
@article{d63be552-96a6-4124-939a-721d9e25b0cf,
  abstract     = {This study investigated psychometric properties of an instrument for assessing perceived occupational value, the 26-item OVal-pd. Data from 225 Swedish subjects with and without known mental illness were analysed regarding fit to the Rasch measurement model (partial credit model), differential item functioning (DIF), and functioning of the OVal-pd four-category response scale. The reliability (index of person separation, analogous to Cronbach's alpha) was good (0.92) but there were signs of overall and item level (six items) misfit. There was DIF between people with and without mental illness for three items. Iterative deletion of misfitting items resulted in a new 18-item DIF-free scale with good overall and individual item fit and maintained reliability (0.91). There were no disordered response category thresholds. These observations also held true in separate analyses among people with and without mental illness. Thus, the first steps of ensuring that occupational value can be measured in a valid and reliable way have been taken. Still, occupational value is a dynamic construct and the aspects that fit the construct may vary between contexts. This has implications for, e.g., cross-cultural research and calls for identification of a core set of culture-free items to allow for valid cross-cultural comparisons.},
  author       = {Eklund, Mona and Erlandsson, Lena-Karin and Persson, Dennis and Hagell, Peter},
  issn         = {1651-2014},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {118--128},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  title        = {Rasch analysis of an instrument for measuring occupational value: Implications for theory and practice.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11038120802596253},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2009},
}