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Gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age strata: A population-based study in southern Sweden.

Ali, Sadiq Mohammad LU ; Chaix, Basile LU ; Merlo, Juan LU ; Rosvall, Maria LU ; Wamala, Sarah and Lindström, Martin LU (2009) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00 37(2). p.146-152
Abstract
Objectives: To investigate gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age groups in southern Sweden. Methods: The 2004 public-health survey in Skåne is a cross-sectional study. A total of 27,757 persons aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the associations between gender and daily smoking according to age. The multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the importance of possible confounders (country of origin, education, snus use, alcohol consumption, leisure-time physical activity, and BMI) on the gender differences in daily smoking in different age groups. Results: 14.9% of the men and 18.1% of the women... (More)
Objectives: To investigate gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age groups in southern Sweden. Methods: The 2004 public-health survey in Skåne is a cross-sectional study. A total of 27,757 persons aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the associations between gender and daily smoking according to age. The multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the importance of possible confounders (country of origin, education, snus use, alcohol consumption, leisure-time physical activity, and BMI) on the gender differences in daily smoking in different age groups. Results: 14.9% of the men and 18.1% of the women were daily smokers. Middle-aged respondents were daily smokers to a significantly higher extent than young and old respondents. The prevalence of daily smoking also varied according to other demographic, socioeconomic, health related behaviour, and BMI characteristics. The crude odds ratios of daily smoking were 1.79 (1.42-2.26) among women compared to men in the 18-24 years age group, and 0.95 (0.80-1.12) in the 65-80 years age group. These odds ratios changed to 2.00 (1.49-2.67) and 0.95 (0.76-1.18), respectively, when all confounders were included. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time in Sweden women have a higher prevalence of daily smoking than men. The odds ratios of daily smoking are highest among women compared to men in the youngest age group of 18-24 years and the odds ratios decrease with increasing age. The findings point to a serious public health problem. Strategic interventions targeting young women's tobacco smoking are needed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
health related behaviours, gender differences, daily smoking, gender, Sweden
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00
volume
37
issue
2
pages
146 - 152
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000265635800006
  • pmid:19141546
  • scopus:61749104281
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1177/1403494808100274
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0e386dd1-72fc-40bc-8ebf-0fdca550c8b9 (old id 1289735)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19141546?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-02-04 13:11:07
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:11:43
@article{0e386dd1-72fc-40bc-8ebf-0fdca550c8b9,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To investigate gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age groups in southern Sweden. Methods: The 2004 public-health survey in Skåne is a cross-sectional study. A total of 27,757 persons aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the associations between gender and daily smoking according to age. The multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the importance of possible confounders (country of origin, education, snus use, alcohol consumption, leisure-time physical activity, and BMI) on the gender differences in daily smoking in different age groups. Results: 14.9% of the men and 18.1% of the women were daily smokers. Middle-aged respondents were daily smokers to a significantly higher extent than young and old respondents. The prevalence of daily smoking also varied according to other demographic, socioeconomic, health related behaviour, and BMI characteristics. The crude odds ratios of daily smoking were 1.79 (1.42-2.26) among women compared to men in the 18-24 years age group, and 0.95 (0.80-1.12) in the 65-80 years age group. These odds ratios changed to 2.00 (1.49-2.67) and 0.95 (0.76-1.18), respectively, when all confounders were included. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time in Sweden women have a higher prevalence of daily smoking than men. The odds ratios of daily smoking are highest among women compared to men in the youngest age group of 18-24 years and the odds ratios decrease with increasing age. The findings point to a serious public health problem. Strategic interventions targeting young women's tobacco smoking are needed.},
  author       = {Ali, Sadiq Mohammad and Chaix, Basile and Merlo, Juan and Rosvall, Maria and Wamala, Sarah and Lindström, Martin},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  keyword      = {health related behaviours,gender differences,daily smoking,gender,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {146--152},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Gender differences in daily smoking prevalence in different age strata: A population-based study in southern Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494808100274},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2009},
}