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Improved oscillator strengths and wavelengths for Os I and Ir I, and new results on early r-process nucleosynthesis

Ivarsson, Stefan LU ; Andersen, J.; Nordström, Birgitta LU ; Dai, X; Johansson, Sveneric LU ; Lundberg, Hans LU ; Nilsson, Hampus LU ; Hill, V.; Lundqvist, Martin LU and Wyart, J. F. (2003) In Astronomy & Astrophysics 409(3). p.1141-1149
Abstract
The radioactive decay of <SUP>238</SUP>U and <SUP>232</SUP>Th has recently been used to determine ages for some of the oldest stars in the Universe. This has highlighted the need for accurate observational constraints on production models for the heaviest r-process elements which might serve as stable references, notably osmium and iridium. In order to provide a firmer basis for the observed abundances, we have performed laser-induced fluorescence measurements and Fourier Transform Spectroscopy to determine new radiative lifetimes and branching fractions for selected levels in Os I and Ir I. From these data, we determine new absolute oscillator strengths and improved wavelengths for18 Os I and 4 Ir I lines. A... (More)
The radioactive decay of <SUP>238</SUP>U and <SUP>232</SUP>Th has recently been used to determine ages for some of the oldest stars in the Universe. This has highlighted the need for accurate observational constraints on production models for the heaviest r-process elements which might serve as stable references, notably osmium and iridium. In order to provide a firmer basis for the observed abundances, we have performed laser-induced fluorescence measurements and Fourier Transform Spectroscopy to determine new radiative lifetimes and branching fractions for selected levels in Os I and Ir I. From these data, we determine new absolute oscillator strengths and improved wavelengths for18 Os I and 4 Ir I lines. A reanalysis of VLT spectra of CS 31082-001and new results for other stars with Os and Ir detections show that (i):the lines in the UV and lambda 4260 yield reliable Os abundances, while those at lambda lambda 4135, 4420 are heavily affected by blending; (ii): the Os and Ir abundances are identical in all the stars; (iii): the heavy-element abundances in very metal-poor stars conform closely to the scaled solar r-process pattern throughout the range 56 <= Z <= 77; and (iv): neither Os or Ir nor any lighter species are suitable as reference elements for the radioactive decay of Th and U.Based in part on observations obtained with the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory at Paranal, Chile. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
nuclear reactions, atomic data, abundances, stars: individual: CS 31082-001, stars: abundances, nucleosynthesis
in
Astronomy & Astrophysics
volume
409
issue
3
pages
1141 - 1149
publisher
EDP Sciences
external identifiers
  • wos:000185572300039
  • scopus:17044445369
ISSN
0004-6361
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361:20031184
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5b073e81-0aea-4cf8-8300-70941a62a6a2 (old id 130500)
date added to LUP
2007-07-13 12:00:23
date last changed
2018-01-07 09:07:34
@article{5b073e81-0aea-4cf8-8300-70941a62a6a2,
  abstract     = {The radioactive decay of &lt;SUP&gt;238&lt;/SUP&gt;U and &lt;SUP&gt;232&lt;/SUP&gt;Th has recently been used to determine ages for some of the oldest stars in the Universe. This has highlighted the need for accurate observational constraints on production models for the heaviest r-process elements which might serve as stable references, notably osmium and iridium. In order to provide a firmer basis for the observed abundances, we have performed laser-induced fluorescence measurements and Fourier Transform Spectroscopy to determine new radiative lifetimes and branching fractions for selected levels in Os I and Ir I. From these data, we determine new absolute oscillator strengths and improved wavelengths for18 Os I and 4 Ir I lines. A reanalysis of VLT spectra of CS 31082-001and new results for other stars with Os and Ir detections show that (i):the lines in the UV and lambda 4260 yield reliable Os abundances, while those at lambda lambda 4135, 4420 are heavily affected by blending; (ii): the Os and Ir abundances are identical in all the stars; (iii): the heavy-element abundances in very metal-poor stars conform closely to the scaled solar r-process pattern throughout the range 56 &lt;= Z &lt;= 77; and (iv): neither Os or Ir nor any lighter species are suitable as reference elements for the radioactive decay of Th and U.Based in part on observations obtained with the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory at Paranal, Chile.},
  author       = {Ivarsson, Stefan and Andersen, J. and Nordström, Birgitta and Dai, X and Johansson, Sveneric and Lundberg, Hans and Nilsson, Hampus and Hill, V. and Lundqvist, Martin and Wyart, J. F.},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  keyword      = {nuclear reactions,atomic data,abundances,stars: individual: CS 31082-001,stars: abundances,nucleosynthesis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1141--1149},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy & Astrophysics},
  title        = {Improved oscillator strengths and wavelengths for Os I and Ir I, and new results on early r-process nucleosynthesis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031184},
  volume       = {409},
  year         = {2003},
}