Advanced

Social capital and leisure time physical activity: a population based multilevel analysis in Malmo, Sweden

Lindström, Martin LU ; Moghaddassi, Mahnaz LU and Merlo, Juan LU (2003) In Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 57(1). p.23-28
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the influence of social capital and individual factors on the level of leisure time physical inactivity in the neighbourhoods. Methods: The public health survey in Malm 1994 is a cross sectional study. A total of 5600 people aged 2080 years were invited to answer a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. The effect (intra-area correlation, cross level modification, and odds ratios) was analysed of individual and neighbourhood (the 1993 migration out of an area as a proxy for social capital) factors on leisure time physical inactivity after adjustment for individual factors.... (More)
Objective: To investigate the influence of social capital and individual factors on the level of leisure time physical inactivity in the neighbourhoods. Methods: The public health survey in Malm 1994 is a cross sectional study. A total of 5600 people aged 2080 years were invited to answer a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. The effect (intra-area correlation, cross level modification, and odds ratios) was analysed of individual and neighbourhood (the 1993 migration out of an area as a proxy for social capital) factors on leisure time physical inactivity after adjustment for individual factors. Results: Neighbourhood factors accounted for 5.0 of the crude total variance in physical inactivity. This effect was significantly reduced when the individual factors, especially country of origin, education, and social participation, were included in the model. In contrast, it was not reduced by the introduction of the contextual social capital variable. Conclusion: This study suggests that in the neighbourhoods of Malm leisure time physical inactivity is mainly affected by individual factors. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
physical activity, social capital, social participation, multilevel analysis
in
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
volume
57
issue
1
pages
23 - 28
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000180078500009
  • pmid:12490644
  • scopus:0037219126
ISSN
1470-2738
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b42405a7-4952-44da-a409-d1420cbfc0e3 (old id 131616)
date added to LUP
2007-07-24 14:26:22
date last changed
2018-06-10 03:42:25
@article{b42405a7-4952-44da-a409-d1420cbfc0e3,
  abstract     = {Objective: To investigate the influence of social capital and individual factors on the level of leisure time physical inactivity in the neighbourhoods. Methods: The public health survey in Malm 1994 is a cross sectional study. A total of 5600 people aged 2080 years were invited to answer a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. The effect (intra-area correlation, cross level modification, and odds ratios) was analysed of individual and neighbourhood (the 1993 migration out of an area as a proxy for social capital) factors on leisure time physical inactivity after adjustment for individual factors. Results: Neighbourhood factors accounted for 5.0 of the crude total variance in physical inactivity. This effect was significantly reduced when the individual factors, especially country of origin, education, and social participation, were included in the model. In contrast, it was not reduced by the introduction of the contextual social capital variable. Conclusion: This study suggests that in the neighbourhoods of Malm leisure time physical inactivity is mainly affected by individual factors.},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin and Moghaddassi, Mahnaz and Merlo, Juan},
  issn         = {1470-2738},
  keyword      = {physical activity,social capital,social participation,multilevel analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {23--28},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health},
  title        = {Social capital and leisure time physical activity: a population based multilevel analysis in Malmo, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2003},
}