Advanced

Noun phrase morphology in Swedish-speaking children with specific language impairment

Leonard, Laurence B.; Salameh, Eva-Kristina LU and Hansson, Kristina LU (2001) In Applied Psycholinguistics 22(4). p.619-639
Abstract
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are often described as having great difficulty with grammatical morphology, but most studies have focused only on these childrens use of verb morphology. In this study, we examined the use of noun phrase (NP) morphology by preschool-age children with SLI who are acquiring Swedish. Relative to typically developing same-age peers and younger peers matched according to mean length of utterance, the children with SLI had greater difficulty in the use of genitive inflections, indefinite articles, and article + adjective + noun constructions. Their difficulties were evidenced in omissions as well as substitutions. Furthermore, article omissions were more frequent in NPs containing an adjective and... (More)
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are often described as having great difficulty with grammatical morphology, but most studies have focused only on these childrens use of verb morphology. In this study, we examined the use of noun phrase (NP) morphology by preschool-age children with SLI who are acquiring Swedish. Relative to typically developing same-age peers and younger peers matched according to mean length of utterance, the children with SLI had greater difficulty in the use of genitive inflections, indefinite articles, and article + adjective + noun constructions. Their difficulties were evidenced in omissions as well as substitutions. Furthermore, article omissions were more frequent in NPs containing an adjective and a noun than in NPs with only a noun. These findings indicate that in languages such as Swedish, NP morphology as well as verb morphology can be quite problematic for children with SLI. Factors that might have contributed to these childrens difficulties are the lack of transparency of the gender of Swedish nouns, the morphological complexity of NPs containing adjectives in Swedish, the weak syllable status of articles, and the consonantal nature of some of the inflections. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Applied Psycholinguistics
volume
22
issue
4
pages
619 - 639
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000176612200007
  • scopus:0035643825
ISSN
0142-7164
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9bcfb9a0-0710-4007-9e74-37f537bf0e39 (old id 131719)
alternative location
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017.S0142716401004076
date added to LUP
2010-02-23 15:51:06
date last changed
2018-01-07 05:17:37
@article{9bcfb9a0-0710-4007-9e74-37f537bf0e39,
  abstract     = {Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are often described as having great difficulty with grammatical morphology, but most studies have focused only on these childrens use of verb morphology. In this study, we examined the use of noun phrase (NP) morphology by preschool-age children with SLI who are acquiring Swedish. Relative to typically developing same-age peers and younger peers matched according to mean length of utterance, the children with SLI had greater difficulty in the use of genitive inflections, indefinite articles, and article + adjective + noun constructions. Their difficulties were evidenced in omissions as well as substitutions. Furthermore, article omissions were more frequent in NPs containing an adjective and a noun than in NPs with only a noun. These findings indicate that in languages such as Swedish, NP morphology as well as verb morphology can be quite problematic for children with SLI. Factors that might have contributed to these childrens difficulties are the lack of transparency of the gender of Swedish nouns, the morphological complexity of NPs containing adjectives in Swedish, the weak syllable status of articles, and the consonantal nature of some of the inflections.},
  author       = {Leonard, Laurence B. and Salameh, Eva-Kristina and Hansson, Kristina},
  issn         = {0142-7164},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {619--639},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Applied Psycholinguistics},
  title        = {Noun phrase morphology in Swedish-speaking children with specific language impairment},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2001},
}