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Tone 4 and Tone 3 discrimination in Modern Standard Chinese

Gårding, Eva LU ; Kratochvíl, Paul ; Svantesson, Jan-Olof LU and Jialu, Zhang (1986) In Language and Speech 29(3). p.93-281
Abstract
Productions of tone 4 & tone 3 (mai/mai 'sell'/'buy') in comparable sentences suggests that although the two tones are realized in different ways by different speakers in different speech acts, some features are constant. Tone 3 is connected with a low pitch level throughout the second half of the vowel & tone 4 with a gradual fall over the main part of the vocalic segment. These observations were tested in a series of manipulations of pitch movements over mai from tone 4 to tone 3 in the sentence Song Yan mai niurou 'Song Yan sells beef'. The manipulated sentences were presented in a test, in which listeners (N = 18 native speakers) were asked if they heard mai or mai. The result confirmed the observed constant features &... (More)
Productions of tone 4 & tone 3 (mai/mai 'sell'/'buy') in comparable sentences suggests that although the two tones are realized in different ways by different speakers in different speech acts, some features are constant. Tone 3 is connected with a low pitch level throughout the second half of the vowel & tone 4 with a gradual fall over the main part of the vocalic segment. These observations were tested in a series of manipulations of pitch movements over mai from tone 4 to tone 3 in the sentence Song Yan mai niurou 'Song Yan sells beef'. The manipulated sentences were presented in a test, in which listeners (N = 18 native speakers) were asked if they heard mai or mai. The result confirmed the observed constant features & indicated in addition that it was important for both tones to have a clear reference. The identification of tone 4 was favored by an introductory rising or level part, & for tone 3 an introductory fall seemed to be important. Creaky voice is a concomitant but not a necessary feature of tone 3. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Language and Speech
volume
29
issue
3
pages
93 - 281
publisher
Kingston Press Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:84965756699
ISSN
1756-6053
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Linguistics and Phonetics (015010003)
id
0a0217f8-67d4-4fde-9c9a-63165020b5a1 (old id 134683)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:47:25
date last changed
2021-08-01 05:03:17
@article{0a0217f8-67d4-4fde-9c9a-63165020b5a1,
  abstract     = {{Productions of tone 4 & tone 3 (mai/mai 'sell'/'buy') in comparable sentences suggests that although the two tones are realized in different ways by different speakers in different speech acts, some features are constant. Tone 3 is connected with a low pitch level throughout the second half of the vowel & tone 4 with a gradual fall over the main part of the vocalic segment. These observations were tested in a series of manipulations of pitch movements over mai from tone 4 to tone 3 in the sentence Song Yan mai niurou 'Song Yan sells beef'. The manipulated sentences were presented in a test, in which listeners (N = 18 native speakers) were asked if they heard mai or mai. The result confirmed the observed constant features & indicated in addition that it was important for both tones to have a clear reference. The identification of tone 4 was favored by an introductory rising or level part, & for tone 3 an introductory fall seemed to be important. Creaky voice is a concomitant but not a necessary feature of tone 3.}},
  author       = {{Gårding, Eva and Kratochvíl, Paul and Svantesson, Jan-Olof and Jialu, Zhang}},
  issn         = {{1756-6053}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{93--281}},
  publisher    = {{Kingston Press Ltd}},
  series       = {{Language and Speech}},
  title        = {{Tone 4 and Tone 3 discrimination in Modern Standard Chinese}},
  volume       = {{29}},
  year         = {{1986}},
}