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Tone 4 and Tone 3 discrimination in Modern Standard Chinese

Gårding, Eva LU ; Kratochvíl, Paul; Svantesson, Jan-Olof LU and Jialu, Zhang (1986) In Language and Speech 29(3). p.93-281
Abstract
Productions of tone 4 & tone 3 (mai/mai 'sell'/'buy') in comparable sentences suggests that although the two tones are realized in different ways by different speakers in different speech acts, some features are constant. Tone 3 is connected with a low pitch level throughout the second half of the vowel & tone 4 with a gradual fall over the main part of the vocalic segment. These observations were tested in a series of manipulations of pitch movements over mai from tone 4 to tone 3 in the sentence Song Yan mai niurou 'Song Yan sells beef'. The manipulated sentences were presented in a test, in which listeners (N = 18 native speakers) were asked if they heard mai or mai. The result confirmed the observed constant features &... (More)
Productions of tone 4 & tone 3 (mai/mai 'sell'/'buy') in comparable sentences suggests that although the two tones are realized in different ways by different speakers in different speech acts, some features are constant. Tone 3 is connected with a low pitch level throughout the second half of the vowel & tone 4 with a gradual fall over the main part of the vocalic segment. These observations were tested in a series of manipulations of pitch movements over mai from tone 4 to tone 3 in the sentence Song Yan mai niurou 'Song Yan sells beef'. The manipulated sentences were presented in a test, in which listeners (N = 18 native speakers) were asked if they heard mai or mai. The result confirmed the observed constant features & indicated in addition that it was important for both tones to have a clear reference. The identification of tone 4 was favored by an introductory rising or level part, & for tone 3 an introductory fall seemed to be important. Creaky voice is a concomitant but not a necessary feature of tone 3. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Language and Speech
volume
29
issue
3
pages
93 - 281
publisher
Kingston Press Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:84965756699
ISSN
1756-6053
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0a0217f8-67d4-4fde-9c9a-63165020b5a1 (old id 134683)
date added to LUP
2007-07-27 14:37:49
date last changed
2017-09-17 04:46:18
@article{0a0217f8-67d4-4fde-9c9a-63165020b5a1,
  abstract     = {Productions of tone 4 & tone 3 (mai/mai 'sell'/'buy') in comparable sentences suggests that although the two tones are realized in different ways by different speakers in different speech acts, some features are constant. Tone 3 is connected with a low pitch level throughout the second half of the vowel & tone 4 with a gradual fall over the main part of the vocalic segment. These observations were tested in a series of manipulations of pitch movements over mai from tone 4 to tone 3 in the sentence Song Yan mai niurou 'Song Yan sells beef'. The manipulated sentences were presented in a test, in which listeners (N = 18 native speakers) were asked if they heard mai or mai. The result confirmed the observed constant features & indicated in addition that it was important for both tones to have a clear reference. The identification of tone 4 was favored by an introductory rising or level part, & for tone 3 an introductory fall seemed to be important. Creaky voice is a concomitant but not a necessary feature of tone 3.},
  author       = {Gårding, Eva and Kratochvíl, Paul and Svantesson, Jan-Olof and Jialu, Zhang},
  issn         = {1756-6053},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {93--281},
  publisher    = {Kingston Press Ltd},
  series       = {Language and Speech},
  title        = {Tone 4 and Tone 3 discrimination in Modern Standard Chinese},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {1986},
}