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From actions to effects : Three constraints on event mappings

Gärdenfors, Peter LU ; Jost, Jürgen and Warglien, Massimo (2018) In Frontiers in Psychology 9.
Abstract

Events can be modeled through a geometric approach, representing event structures in terms of spaces and mappings between spaces. At least two spaces are needed to describe an event, an action space and a result space. In this article, we invoke general mathematical structures in order to develop this geometric perspective. We focus on three cognitive processes that are crucially involved in events: causal thinking, control of action and learning by generalization. These cognitive processes are supported by three corresponding mathematical properties: monotonicity (that we relate to qualitative causal thinking and allows extrapolation); continuity (that plays a key role in our activities of action control); and convexity (that... (More)

Events can be modeled through a geometric approach, representing event structures in terms of spaces and mappings between spaces. At least two spaces are needed to describe an event, an action space and a result space. In this article, we invoke general mathematical structures in order to develop this geometric perspective. We focus on three cognitive processes that are crucially involved in events: causal thinking, control of action and learning by generalization. These cognitive processes are supported by three corresponding mathematical properties: monotonicity (that we relate to qualitative causal thinking and allows extrapolation); continuity (that plays a key role in our activities of action control); and convexity (that facilitates generalization and the categorization of events, and enables interpolation). We define how such properties constrain events representations and relate them to thinking about events. We discuss the relevance of the three constraints for event segmentation and explore the implications of such constraints for semantics. We conclude by a discussion that relates our approach to other accounts of events.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Causation, Conceptual spaces, Continuity, Convexity, Events, Force, Generalization, Monotonicity
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
9
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • scopus:85051501052
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01391
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1392f4e6-ed35-43f9-baf2-43ac4b23fbf0
date added to LUP
2018-09-10 10:49:56
date last changed
2018-09-11 03:00:03
@article{1392f4e6-ed35-43f9-baf2-43ac4b23fbf0,
  abstract     = {<p>Events can be modeled through a geometric approach, representing event structures in terms of spaces and mappings between spaces. At least two spaces are needed to describe an event, an action space and a result space. In this article, we invoke general mathematical structures in order to develop this geometric perspective. We focus on three cognitive processes that are crucially involved in events: causal thinking, control of action and learning by generalization. These cognitive processes are supported by three corresponding mathematical properties: monotonicity (that we relate to qualitative causal thinking and allows extrapolation); continuity (that plays a key role in our activities of action control); and convexity (that facilitates generalization and the categorization of events, and enables interpolation). We define how such properties constrain events representations and relate them to thinking about events. We discuss the relevance of the three constraints for event segmentation and explore the implications of such constraints for semantics. We conclude by a discussion that relates our approach to other accounts of events.</p>},
  articleno    = {1391},
  author       = {Gärdenfors, Peter and Jost, Jürgen and Warglien, Massimo},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  keyword      = {Causation,Conceptual spaces,Continuity,Convexity,Events,Force,Generalization,Monotonicity},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {From actions to effects : Three constraints on event mappings},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01391},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2018},
}