Advanced

Past food habit change is related to obesity, lifestyle and socio-economic factors in the Malmo Diet and Cancer Cohort.

Sonestedt, Emily LU ; Wirfält, Elisabet LU ; Gullberg, Bo LU and Berglund, Göran LU (2005) In Public Health Nutrition 8(7). p.876-885
Abstract
Objectives: To examine if obesity status and socio-economic and lifestyle factors are

associated with self-reported past food habit change, and also whether the level of

obesity depends on the reason for change.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis within the Malmo Diet and Cancer (MDC) study using

data from the baseline examination and the extensive socio-economic and lifestyle

questionnaire including questions of past food habit change. The risk of having

changed food habits in the past was examined using logistic regression. Mean

differences in obesity status across categories of reasons for past food habit change

were examined using analysis of variance.

... (More)
Objectives: To examine if obesity status and socio-economic and lifestyle factors are

associated with self-reported past food habit change, and also whether the level of

obesity depends on the reason for change.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis within the Malmo Diet and Cancer (MDC) study using

data from the baseline examination and the extensive socio-economic and lifestyle

questionnaire including questions of past food habit change. The risk of having

changed food habits in the past was examined using logistic regression. Mean

differences in obesity status across categories of reasons for past food habit change

were examined using analysis of variance.

Setting: Malmo¨, the third largest city in Sweden.

Subjects: A sub-sample (15 282 women and 9867 men) from the MDC cohort recruited

from 1992 to 1996.

Results: Individuals with body mass index (BMI) .30 kgm22 had an increased risk of

having reported past food habit change compared with individuals with BMI

,25 kgm22 (odds ratio (OR) ¼ 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) ¼ 1.48–1.83 for

women; OR ¼ 1.53, 95% CI ¼ 1.32–1.76 for men). The highest level of obesity was

observed among individuals who had changed their diet due to reasons related to the

metabolic syndrome. Changers were more likely to be highly educated and to live

alone, be retired, ex-smokers and non-drinkers at baseline.

Conclusions: Because past food habit change is related to obesity and other lifestyle

and socio-economic factors, a complex confounding situation may exist that could

seriously influence observed relationships between diet and disease. Studies need to

collect information on past food habit change and take this information into account

in the analysis and when interpreting study outcomes. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Obesity, Past food habit change, Lifestyle factors
in
Public Health Nutrition
volume
8
issue
7
pages
876 - 885
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000233097000011
  • pmid:16277804
  • scopus:28344435518
ISSN
1475-2727
DOI
10.1079/PHN2005736
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
31bb6b61-364a-47dd-9586-d7da769d06c6 (old id 148049)
date added to LUP
2007-07-30 15:36:12
date last changed
2017-11-12 04:00:11
@article{31bb6b61-364a-47dd-9586-d7da769d06c6,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To examine if obesity status and socio-economic and lifestyle factors are<br/><br>
associated with self-reported past food habit change, and also whether the level of<br/><br>
obesity depends on the reason for change.<br/><br>
Design: Cross-sectional analysis within the Malmo Diet and Cancer (MDC) study using<br/><br>
data from the baseline examination and the extensive socio-economic and lifestyle<br/><br>
questionnaire including questions of past food habit change. The risk of having<br/><br>
changed food habits in the past was examined using logistic regression. Mean<br/><br>
differences in obesity status across categories of reasons for past food habit change<br/><br>
were examined using analysis of variance.<br/><br>
Setting: Malmo¨, the third largest city in Sweden.<br/><br>
Subjects: A sub-sample (15 282 women and 9867 men) from the MDC cohort recruited<br/><br>
from 1992 to 1996.<br/><br>
Results: Individuals with body mass index (BMI) .30 kgm22 had an increased risk of<br/><br>
having reported past food habit change compared with individuals with BMI<br/><br>
,25 kgm22 (odds ratio (OR) ¼ 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) ¼ 1.48–1.83 for<br/><br>
women; OR ¼ 1.53, 95% CI ¼ 1.32–1.76 for men). The highest level of obesity was<br/><br>
observed among individuals who had changed their diet due to reasons related to the<br/><br>
metabolic syndrome. Changers were more likely to be highly educated and to live<br/><br>
alone, be retired, ex-smokers and non-drinkers at baseline.<br/><br>
Conclusions: Because past food habit change is related to obesity and other lifestyle<br/><br>
and socio-economic factors, a complex confounding situation may exist that could<br/><br>
seriously influence observed relationships between diet and disease. Studies need to<br/><br>
collect information on past food habit change and take this information into account<br/><br>
in the analysis and when interpreting study outcomes.},
  author       = {Sonestedt, Emily and Wirfält, Elisabet and Gullberg, Bo and Berglund, Göran},
  issn         = {1475-2727},
  keyword      = {Obesity,Past food habit change,Lifestyle factors},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {876--885},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Public Health Nutrition},
  title        = {Past food habit change is related to obesity, lifestyle and socio-economic factors in the Malmo Diet and Cancer Cohort.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2005736},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2005},
}