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Googling for opposites: a web-based study of antonym canonicity

Jones, Steven; Paradis, Carita LU ; Murphy, M. Lynne and Willners, Caroline LU (2007) In Corpora 2(2). p.129-154
Abstract
This paper seeks to explain why some semantically-opposed word pairs are more likely to be seen as canonical antonyms (for example, cold/hot) than others (icy/scorching, cold/fiery, freezing/hot, etc.). Specifically, it builds on research which has demonstrated that, in discourse, antonyms are inclined to favour certain frames, such as ‘X and Y alike’, ‘from X to Y’ and ‘either X or Y’ (Justeson and Katz, 1991; etc.), and to serve a limited range of discourse functions (Jones, 2002). Our premise is that the more canonical an antonym pair is, the greater the fidelity with which it will occupy such frames. Since an extremely large corpus is needed to identify meaningful patterns of co-occurrence, we turn to Internet data for this research.... (More)
This paper seeks to explain why some semantically-opposed word pairs are more likely to be seen as canonical antonyms (for example, cold/hot) than others (icy/scorching, cold/fiery, freezing/hot, etc.). Specifically, it builds on research which has demonstrated that, in discourse, antonyms are inclined to favour certain frames, such as ‘X and Y alike’, ‘from X to Y’ and ‘either X or Y’ (Justeson and Katz, 1991; etc.), and to serve a limited range of discourse functions (Jones, 2002). Our premise is that the more canonical an antonym pair is, the greater the fidelity with which it will occupy such frames. Since an extremely large corpus is needed to identify meaningful patterns of co-occurrence, we turn to Internet data for this research. As well as enabling the notion of antonym canonicity to be revisited from a more empirical perspective, this approach also allows us to evaluate the appropriateness (and assess the risks) of using the World Wide Web as a corpus for studies into certain types of low-frequency textual phenomena. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
antonymy, corpus linguistics, antonym canonicity, semantics
in
Corpora
volume
2
issue
2
pages
129 - 154
publisher
Edinburgh University Press
ISSN
1755-1676
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e5dd7a53-1a8a-41db-b57c-95b14a848b0b (old id 1504448)
date added to LUP
2009-11-18 18:00:03
date last changed
2016-04-15 20:24:42
@article{e5dd7a53-1a8a-41db-b57c-95b14a848b0b,
  abstract     = {This paper seeks to explain why some semantically-opposed word pairs are more likely to be seen as canonical antonyms (for example, cold/hot) than others (icy/scorching, cold/fiery, freezing/hot, etc.). Specifically, it builds on research which has demonstrated that, in discourse, antonyms are inclined to favour certain frames, such as ‘X and Y alike’, ‘from X to Y’ and ‘either X or Y’ (Justeson and Katz, 1991; etc.), and to serve a limited range of discourse functions (Jones, 2002). Our premise is that the more canonical an antonym pair is, the greater the fidelity with which it will occupy such frames. Since an extremely large corpus is needed to identify meaningful patterns of co-occurrence, we turn to Internet data for this research. As well as enabling the notion of antonym canonicity to be revisited from a more empirical perspective, this approach also allows us to evaluate the appropriateness (and assess the risks) of using the World Wide Web as a corpus for studies into certain types of low-frequency textual phenomena.},
  author       = {Jones, Steven and Paradis, Carita and Murphy, M. Lynne and Willners, Caroline},
  issn         = {1755-1676},
  keyword      = {antonymy,corpus linguistics,antonym canonicity,semantics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {129--154},
  publisher    = {Edinburgh University Press},
  series       = {Corpora},
  title        = {Googling for opposites: a web-based study of antonym canonicity},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2007},
}