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Vertebral fractures in late adolescence: a 27 to 47-year follow-up.

Möller, Anders LU ; Hasserius, Ralph LU ; Besjakov, Jack LU ; Ohlin, Acke LU and Karlsson, Magnus LU (2006) In European Spine Journal 15(8). p.1247-1254
Abstract
The long-term outcome of thoracic and lumbar fractures in late adolescence is sparsely described and it is unclear whether a fractured vertebral body in these years, as in young children, can be resituated in height. The purpose of this study was to in late adolescence determine the incidence, the long-term outcome and the modelling capacity in fractures of the thoracic and lumbar region. The incidence of vertebral fractures 1950–1971 in individuals aged 16–18 years was through the radiological archives evaluated in a city cohort of 228,878 citizens, of whom 13,893 were aged 16–18. A follow-up, 27–47 years after the injury, including subjective, objective and radiological evaluation was conducted in 18 boys and 5 girls. Twenty-nine boys... (More)
The long-term outcome of thoracic and lumbar fractures in late adolescence is sparsely described and it is unclear whether a fractured vertebral body in these years, as in young children, can be resituated in height. The purpose of this study was to in late adolescence determine the incidence, the long-term outcome and the modelling capacity in fractures of the thoracic and lumbar region. The incidence of vertebral fractures 1950–1971 in individuals aged 16–18 years was through the radiological archives evaluated in a city cohort of 228,878 citizens, of whom 13,893 were aged 16–18. A follow-up, 27–47 years after the injury, including subjective, objective and radiological evaluation was conducted in 18 boys and 5 girls. Twenty-nine boys and 11 girls were registered with a thoracic or lumbar vertebral fracture during the study period conferring an annual incidence of 0.14‰. Of the 23 individuals that attended the follow-up, 14 had one-column compression fractures, one a Denis type A, six a Denis type B, one a Denis type D and one a Chance fracture. At injury, one had a partial paresis in one leg and one developed a transient paraparesis during the first week. All were treated non-operatively. At follow-up, 18 individuals had no complaints while 5 had occasional back pain, 20 were classified as Frankel E and 3 as Frankel D. The radiographic ratio of anterior height to posterior height of the fractured vertebral body was unchanged during the study period. Thoracic and lumbar vertebral fractures in late adolescence with no or minor neurological deficits have a predominantly favourable long-term outcome, even if no modelling capacity of the fractured vertebral body remains in late adolescence. (Less)
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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Radiological, Long-term outcome, Fracture, Vertebra, Epidemiology, Adolescence
in
European Spine Journal
volume
15
issue
8
pages
1247 - 1254
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000240618600012
  • pmid:16395616
  • scopus:33748869291
ISSN
0940-6719
DOI
10.1007/s00586-005-0043-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Clinical and Molecular Osteoporosis Research Unit (013242930), Reconstructive Surgery (013240300), Medical Radiology Unit (013241410)
id
145e4b4c-a5ad-4cb2-8c65-279c8c3188d4 (old id 150474)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:53:41
date last changed
2021-05-19 02:41:07
@article{145e4b4c-a5ad-4cb2-8c65-279c8c3188d4,
  abstract     = {The long-term outcome of thoracic and lumbar fractures in late adolescence is sparsely described and it is unclear whether a fractured vertebral body in these years, as in young children, can be resituated in height. The purpose of this study was to in late adolescence determine the incidence, the long-term outcome and the modelling capacity in fractures of the thoracic and lumbar region. The incidence of vertebral fractures 1950–1971 in individuals aged 16–18 years was through the radiological archives evaluated in a city cohort of 228,878 citizens, of whom 13,893 were aged 16–18. A follow-up, 27–47 years after the injury, including subjective, objective and radiological evaluation was conducted in 18 boys and 5 girls. Twenty-nine boys and 11 girls were registered with a thoracic or lumbar vertebral fracture during the study period conferring an annual incidence of 0.14‰. Of the 23 individuals that attended the follow-up, 14 had one-column compression fractures, one a Denis type A, six a Denis type B, one a Denis type D and one a Chance fracture. At injury, one had a partial paresis in one leg and one developed a transient paraparesis during the first week. All were treated non-operatively. At follow-up, 18 individuals had no complaints while 5 had occasional back pain, 20 were classified as Frankel E and 3 as Frankel D. The radiographic ratio of anterior height to posterior height of the fractured vertebral body was unchanged during the study period. Thoracic and lumbar vertebral fractures in late adolescence with no or minor neurological deficits have a predominantly favourable long-term outcome, even if no modelling capacity of the fractured vertebral body remains in late adolescence.},
  author       = {Möller, Anders and Hasserius, Ralph and Besjakov, Jack and Ohlin, Acke and Karlsson, Magnus},
  issn         = {0940-6719},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1247--1254},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Spine Journal},
  title        = {Vertebral fractures in late adolescence: a 27 to 47-year follow-up.},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/files/2691087/625272.pdf},
  doi          = {10.1007/s00586-005-0043-2},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2006},
}