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Individual and contextual determinants of self-reported poor psychological health: A population-based multilevel analysis in southern Sweden.

Lindström, Martin LU ; Moghaddassi, Mahnaz LU and Merlo, Juan LU orcid (2006) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 34(4). p.397-405
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the influence of contextual and individual factors on self-reported psychological health. Design/setting/participants/measurements: The 2000 public health survey in Scania is a cross-sectional postal questionnaire study with a 59% participation rate. A total of 13,715 persons aged 18-80 answered the questionnaire. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and municipalities/city quarters at the second, was performed. The effect (intra-class correlation, cross-level modification, and odds ratios) of individual and municipality/city quarter factors on self-reported psychological health was analysed. Results: The crude variance between municipalities/city quarters was small but... (More)
Objective: To investigate the influence of contextual and individual factors on self-reported psychological health. Design/setting/participants/measurements: The 2000 public health survey in Scania is a cross-sectional postal questionnaire study with a 59% participation rate. A total of 13,715 persons aged 18-80 answered the questionnaire. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and municipalities/city quarters at the second, was performed. The effect (intra-class correlation, cross-level modification, and odds ratios) of individual and municipality/city quarter factors on self-reported psychological health was analysed. Results: The crude variance between municipalities/city quarters was small but significant. It was particularly affected and lowered by individual civil status, country of origin, economic stress, and social participation. The inclusion of all individual factors age, sex, civil status, country of origin, education, economic stress, and social participation lowered the between municipality variance to not-significant levels, which is the reason why no contextual variables were included in the calculations. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that poor self-reported psychological health is affected mainly by individual characteristics of the population and not by contextual factors at the municipality/city quarter level. (Less)
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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
GHQ12, social participation, Economic stress, social capital, self-reported psychological health
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
volume
34
issue
4
pages
397 - 405
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • wos:000239593300009
  • pmid:16861190
  • scopus:33746541696
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1080/14034940500327802
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b846e614-18f2-4ca7-a29e-3d4a7f7482e4 (old id 158851)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 15:51:59
date last changed
2020-12-08 03:42:06
@article{b846e614-18f2-4ca7-a29e-3d4a7f7482e4,
  abstract     = {Objective: To investigate the influence of contextual and individual factors on self-reported psychological health. Design/setting/participants/measurements: The 2000 public health survey in Scania is a cross-sectional postal questionnaire study with a 59% participation rate. A total of 13,715 persons aged 18-80 answered the questionnaire. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and municipalities/city quarters at the second, was performed. The effect (intra-class correlation, cross-level modification, and odds ratios) of individual and municipality/city quarter factors on self-reported psychological health was analysed. Results: The crude variance between municipalities/city quarters was small but significant. It was particularly affected and lowered by individual civil status, country of origin, economic stress, and social participation. The inclusion of all individual factors age, sex, civil status, country of origin, education, economic stress, and social participation lowered the between municipality variance to not-significant levels, which is the reason why no contextual variables were included in the calculations. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that poor self-reported psychological health is affected mainly by individual characteristics of the population and not by contextual factors at the municipality/city quarter level.},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin and Moghaddassi, Mahnaz and Merlo, Juan},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {397--405},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Individual and contextual determinants of self-reported poor psychological health: A population-based multilevel analysis in southern Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14034940500327802},
  doi          = {10.1080/14034940500327802},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2006},
}