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Deaths rise in good economic times: evidence from the OECD.

Gerdtham, Ulf LU orcid and Ruhm, C J (2006) In Economics and Human Biology 4(3). p.298-316
Abstract
This study uses aggregate data for 23 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries over the 1960-1997 period to examine the relationship between macroeconomic conditions and deaths. The main finding is that total mortality and deaths from several common causes rise when labor markets strengthen. For instance, controlling for year effects, location fixed-effects (FE), country-specific time trends and demographic characteristics, a 1% point decrease in the national unemployment rate is associated with growth of 0.4% in total mortality and the following increases in cause-specific mortality: 0.4% for cardiovascular disease, 1.1% for influenza/pneumonia, 1.8% for liver disease, 2.1% for motor vehicle deaths, and 0.8%... (More)
This study uses aggregate data for 23 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries over the 1960-1997 period to examine the relationship between macroeconomic conditions and deaths. The main finding is that total mortality and deaths from several common causes rise when labor markets strengthen. For instance, controlling for year effects, location fixed-effects (FE), country-specific time trends and demographic characteristics, a 1% point decrease in the national unemployment rate is associated with growth of 0.4% in total mortality and the following increases in cause-specific mortality: 0.4% for cardiovascular disease, 1.1% for influenza/pneumonia, 1.8% for liver disease, 2.1% for motor vehicle deaths, and 0.8% for other accidents. These effects are particularly pronounced for countries with weak social insurance systems, as proxied by public social expenditure as a share of GDP. The findings are consistent with evidence provided by other recent research and cast doubt on the hypothesis that economic downturns have negative effects on physical health. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
health, business cycles, mortality
in
Economics and Human Biology
volume
4
issue
3
pages
298 - 316
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000245205800002
  • scopus:33750531710
ISSN
1873-6130
DOI
10.1016/j.ehb.2006.04.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
383d8d5a-0892-4faa-bd15-ef3f231c7c84 (old id 166087)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=16713407&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 12:05:22
date last changed
2020-12-08 05:05:25
@article{383d8d5a-0892-4faa-bd15-ef3f231c7c84,
  abstract     = {This study uses aggregate data for 23 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries over the 1960-1997 period to examine the relationship between macroeconomic conditions and deaths. The main finding is that total mortality and deaths from several common causes rise when labor markets strengthen. For instance, controlling for year effects, location fixed-effects (FE), country-specific time trends and demographic characteristics, a 1% point decrease in the national unemployment rate is associated with growth of 0.4% in total mortality and the following increases in cause-specific mortality: 0.4% for cardiovascular disease, 1.1% for influenza/pneumonia, 1.8% for liver disease, 2.1% for motor vehicle deaths, and 0.8% for other accidents. These effects are particularly pronounced for countries with weak social insurance systems, as proxied by public social expenditure as a share of GDP. The findings are consistent with evidence provided by other recent research and cast doubt on the hypothesis that economic downturns have negative effects on physical health. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Gerdtham, Ulf and Ruhm, C J},
  issn         = {1873-6130},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {298--316},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Economics and Human Biology},
  title        = {Deaths rise in good economic times: evidence from the OECD.},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/2776264/625886.pdf},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.ehb.2006.04.001},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2006},
}