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Environmental Influence on Language Acquisition: Comparing Second and Foreign Language Acquisition of Swedish

Håkansson, Gisela LU and Norrby, Catrin (2010) In Language Learning 60(3). p.628-650
Abstract
This article explores the influence of the learning environment on the second language acquisition of Swedish. Data were collected longitudinally over 1 year from 35 university students studying Swedish in Malmo, Sweden, and in Melbourne, Australia. Three areas were investigated: grammar, pragmatics, and lexicon. The development of grammar was analyzed within the framework of Processability Theory (Pienemann, 1998, 2005). For the pragmatic analysis, the learners' production in a gap-filling task was measured against answers from 100 native speakers. A scoring system was devised to enable comparisons between learners and native speakers. The lexical analysis was based on a word association test. The results show that the grammar developed... (More)
This article explores the influence of the learning environment on the second language acquisition of Swedish. Data were collected longitudinally over 1 year from 35 university students studying Swedish in Malmo, Sweden, and in Melbourne, Australia. Three areas were investigated: grammar, pragmatics, and lexicon. The development of grammar was analyzed within the framework of Processability Theory (Pienemann, 1998, 2005). For the pragmatic analysis, the learners' production in a gap-filling task was measured against answers from 100 native speakers. A scoring system was devised to enable comparisons between learners and native speakers. The lexical analysis was based on a word association test. The results show that the grammar developed similarly in the two groups, whereas differences between the groups were found in pragmatics and lexicon. This variation is explained by differences in target language exposure. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
L2 Swedish, pragmatics, word association, exposure, L2, Processability Theory, language acquisition, second versus foreign
in
Language Learning
volume
60
issue
3
pages
628 - 650
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000280667800005
  • scopus:77955235643
ISSN
0023-8333
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-9922.2010.00569.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9d2864c6-7bc5-4d7c-8e50-467379bfe980 (old id 1675373)
date added to LUP
2010-09-22 12:47:07
date last changed
2018-06-10 03:32:44
@article{9d2864c6-7bc5-4d7c-8e50-467379bfe980,
  abstract     = {This article explores the influence of the learning environment on the second language acquisition of Swedish. Data were collected longitudinally over 1 year from 35 university students studying Swedish in Malmo, Sweden, and in Melbourne, Australia. Three areas were investigated: grammar, pragmatics, and lexicon. The development of grammar was analyzed within the framework of Processability Theory (Pienemann, 1998, 2005). For the pragmatic analysis, the learners' production in a gap-filling task was measured against answers from 100 native speakers. A scoring system was devised to enable comparisons between learners and native speakers. The lexical analysis was based on a word association test. The results show that the grammar developed similarly in the two groups, whereas differences between the groups were found in pragmatics and lexicon. This variation is explained by differences in target language exposure.},
  author       = {Håkansson, Gisela and Norrby, Catrin},
  issn         = {0023-8333},
  keyword      = {L2 Swedish,pragmatics,word association,exposure,L2,Processability Theory,language acquisition,second versus foreign},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {628--650},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Language Learning},
  title        = {Environmental Influence on Language Acquisition: Comparing Second and Foreign Language Acquisition of Swedish},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2010.00569.x},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2010},
}