Advanced

Questions and answers about the environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2010 assessment

Aucamp, Pieter J.; Björn, Lars Olof LU and Lucas, Robyn (2011) In Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 10(2). p.301-316
Abstract
In the mid-1970s it was discovered that some man-made products

destroy ozone molecules in the stratosphere. This destruction leads

to higher ultraviolet (UV) radiation levels at the surface of the

Earth and can cause damage to ecosystems and to materials such

as plastics. Itmay cause an increase in human diseases such as skin

cancers and cataracts.

The discovery of the role of the synthetic ozone-depleting

chemicals, such as the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), stimulated

increased research and monitoring in this field. Computer models

predicted a disaster if nothing was done to protect the ozone layer.

Based on this scientific information, the nations of... (More)
In the mid-1970s it was discovered that some man-made products

destroy ozone molecules in the stratosphere. This destruction leads

to higher ultraviolet (UV) radiation levels at the surface of the

Earth and can cause damage to ecosystems and to materials such

as plastics. Itmay cause an increase in human diseases such as skin

cancers and cataracts.

The discovery of the role of the synthetic ozone-depleting

chemicals, such as the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), stimulated

increased research and monitoring in this field. Computer models

predicted a disaster if nothing was done to protect the ozone layer.

Based on this scientific information, the nations of the world took

action in 1985 with the Vienna Convention for the Protection of

theOzone Layer, followed by the Montreal Protocol on Substances

that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987. The Convention and

Protocol have been amended and adjusted several times since 1987

as new knowledge has become available.

The Meetings of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol appointed

three Assessment Panels to regularly review research findings

and progress. These panels are the Scientific Assessment Panel,

the Technological and Economic Assessment Panel and the

Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. Each panel covers a

designated area with a natural degree of overlap. Themain reports

of the Panels are published every four years, as required by

the Meeting of the Parties. All three reports have an executive

summary that is distributed more widely than the entire reports.

It has become customary to add a set of questions and answers –

mainly for non-expert readers – to these executive summaries.

This document contains the questions and answers prepared by

the experts of the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. They

refer mainly to the environmental effects of ozone depletion and

its interactions with climate change, based on the 2010 report of

this Panel, but also on information from previous assessments and

from the report of the Scientific Assessment Panel. Readers who

need further details on any question should consult the full reports

for a more complete scientific discussion. All these reports can be

found on the UNEP website: http://ozone.unep.org. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
assessment, climate change, ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, UNEP, vitamin D
in
Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences
volume
10
issue
2
pages
301 - 316
publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
external identifiers
  • wos:000286835400008
  • scopus:79751518987
ISSN
1474-9092
DOI
10.1039/c0pp90045a
project
Popular science
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d414de61-ac1f-4475-896e-06d1c9c20e61 (old id 1788776)
date added to LUP
2011-03-02 12:48:23
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:18:12
@article{d414de61-ac1f-4475-896e-06d1c9c20e61,
  abstract     = {In the mid-1970s it was discovered that some man-made products<br/><br>
destroy ozone molecules in the stratosphere. This destruction leads<br/><br>
to higher ultraviolet (UV) radiation levels at the surface of the<br/><br>
Earth and can cause damage to ecosystems and to materials such<br/><br>
as plastics. Itmay cause an increase in human diseases such as skin<br/><br>
cancers and cataracts.<br/><br>
The discovery of the role of the synthetic ozone-depleting<br/><br>
chemicals, such as the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), stimulated<br/><br>
increased research and monitoring in this field. Computer models<br/><br>
predicted a disaster if nothing was done to protect the ozone layer.<br/><br>
Based on this scientific information, the nations of the world took<br/><br>
action in 1985 with the Vienna Convention for the Protection of<br/><br>
theOzone Layer, followed by the Montreal Protocol on Substances<br/><br>
that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987. The Convention and<br/><br>
Protocol have been amended and adjusted several times since 1987<br/><br>
as new knowledge has become available.<br/><br>
The Meetings of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol appointed<br/><br>
three Assessment Panels to regularly review research findings<br/><br>
and progress. These panels are the Scientific Assessment Panel,<br/><br>
the Technological and Economic Assessment Panel and the<br/><br>
Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. Each panel covers a<br/><br>
designated area with a natural degree of overlap. Themain reports<br/><br>
of the Panels are published every four years, as required by<br/><br>
the Meeting of the Parties. All three reports have an executive<br/><br>
summary that is distributed more widely than the entire reports.<br/><br>
It has become customary to add a set of questions and answers –<br/><br>
mainly for non-expert readers – to these executive summaries.<br/><br>
This document contains the questions and answers prepared by<br/><br>
the experts of the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. They<br/><br>
refer mainly to the environmental effects of ozone depletion and<br/><br>
its interactions with climate change, based on the 2010 report of<br/><br>
this Panel, but also on information from previous assessments and<br/><br>
from the report of the Scientific Assessment Panel. Readers who<br/><br>
need further details on any question should consult the full reports<br/><br>
for a more complete scientific discussion. All these reports can be<br/><br>
found on the UNEP website: http://ozone.unep.org.},
  author       = {Aucamp, Pieter J. and Björn, Lars Olof and Lucas, Robyn},
  issn         = {1474-9092},
  keyword      = {assessment,climate change,ozone depletion,ultraviolet radiation,UNEP,vitamin D},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {301--316},
  publisher    = {Royal Society of Chemistry},
  series       = {Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences},
  title        = {Questions and answers about the environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: 2010 assessment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c0pp90045a},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2011},
}