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Ratings of age of acquisition of 299 words across 25 languages : is there a cross-linguistic order of words?

Łuniewska, Magdalena ; Haman, Eva ; Armon-Lotem, Sharon; Etenkowski, Bartłomiej ; Southwood, Frenette ; Anđelković, Darinka ; Blom, Elma; Boerma, Tessel; Chiat, Shula and Engel de Abreu, Pascale , et al. (2016) In Behavior Research Methods 48(3). p.1154-1177
Abstract
We present a new set of subjective age-of-acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in 25 languages from five language families (Afro-Asiatic: Semitic languages; Altaic: one Turkic language: Indo-European: Baltic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Slavic, and Romance languages; Niger-Congo: one Bantu language; Uralic: Finnic and Ugric languages). Adult native speakers reported the age at which they had learned each word. We present a comparison of the AoA ratings across all languages by contrasting them in pairs. This comparison shows a consistency in the orders of ratings across the 25 languages. The data were then analyzed (1) to ascertain how the demographic characteristics of the participants influenced AoA estimations... (More)
We present a new set of subjective age-of-acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in 25 languages from five language families (Afro-Asiatic: Semitic languages; Altaic: one Turkic language: Indo-European: Baltic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Slavic, and Romance languages; Niger-Congo: one Bantu language; Uralic: Finnic and Ugric languages). Adult native speakers reported the age at which they had learned each word. We present a comparison of the AoA ratings across all languages by contrasting them in pairs. This comparison shows a consistency in the orders of ratings across the 25 languages. The data were then analyzed (1) to ascertain how the demographic characteristics of the participants influenced AoA estimations and (2) to assess differences caused by the exact form of the target question (when did you learn vs. when do children learn this word); (3) to compare the ratings obtained in our study to those of previous studies; and (4) to assess the validity of our study by comparison with quasi-objective AoA norms derived from the MacArthur–Bates Communicative Development Inventories (MB-CDI). All 299 words were judged as being acquired early (mostly before the age of 6 years). AoA ratings were associated with the raters’ social or language status, but not with the raters’ age or education. Parents reported words as being learned earlier, and bilinguals reported learning them later. Estimations of the age at which children learn the words revealed significantly lower ratings of AoA. Finally, comparisons with previous AoA and MB-CDI norms support the validity of the present estimations. Our AoA ratings are available for research or other purposes. (Less)
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subject
keywords
Words , Age of acquisition, AoA, Cross-linguistic comparison, Subjective ratings
in
Behavior Research Methods
volume
48
issue
3
pages
24 pages
publisher
The Psychonomic Society
external identifiers
  • scopus:84939227410
  • wos:000382653900026
ISSN
1554-351X
DOI
10.3758/s13428-015-0636-6
language
English
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yes
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185489ed-a659-426f-a197-e5e9f21e7783
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http://link.springer.com/article/10.3758%2Fs13428-015-0636-6
date added to LUP
2016-06-17 21:51:11
date last changed
2017-11-05 05:04:24
@article{185489ed-a659-426f-a197-e5e9f21e7783,
  abstract     = {We present a new set of subjective age-of-acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in 25 languages from five language families (Afro-Asiatic: Semitic languages; Altaic: one Turkic language: Indo-European: Baltic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Slavic, and Romance languages; Niger-Congo: one Bantu language; Uralic: Finnic and Ugric languages). Adult native speakers reported the age at which they had learned each word. We present a comparison of the AoA ratings across all languages by contrasting them in pairs. This comparison shows a consistency in the orders of ratings across the 25 languages. The data were then analyzed (1) to ascertain how the demographic characteristics of the participants influenced AoA estimations and (2) to assess differences caused by the exact form of the target question (when did you learn vs. when do children learn this word); (3) to compare the ratings obtained in our study to those of previous studies; and (4) to assess the validity of our study by comparison with quasi-objective AoA norms derived from the MacArthur–Bates Communicative Development Inventories (MB-CDI). All 299 words were judged as being acquired early (mostly before the age of 6 years). AoA ratings were associated with the raters’ social or language status, but not with the raters’ age or education. Parents reported words as being learned earlier, and bilinguals reported learning them later. Estimations of the age at which children learn the words revealed significantly lower ratings of AoA. Finally, comparisons with previous AoA and MB-CDI norms support the validity of the present estimations. Our AoA ratings are available for research or other purposes.},
  author       = {Łuniewska, Magdalena  and Haman, Eva  and Armon-Lotem, Sharon and Etenkowski, Bartłomiej  and Southwood, Frenette  and Anđelković, Darinka  and Blom, Elma and Boerma, Tessel and Chiat, Shula and Engel de Abreu, Pascale  and Gagarina, Natalia and Gavarró, Anna  and Håkansson, Gisela and Hickey, Tina  and Jensen de López , Kristine  and Marinis, Theodoros  and Popović, Maša  and Thordardottir, Elin  and Blažienė, Agnė  and Cantú Sánchez, Myriam  and Dabašinskienė, Ineta  and Ege , Pınar  and Ehret , Inger-Anne  and Fritsche, Nelly-Ann  and Gatt , Daniela  and Janssen, Bibi  and Kambanaros, Maria  and Kapalková, Svetlana  and Kronqvist, Bjarke  and Kunnari, Sari  and Levorato, Chiara  and Nenonen, Olga  and Nic Fhlannchadha, Siobhán   and O’Toole, Ciara  and Polišenská , Kamila  and Pomiechowska, Barbara  and Ringblom, Natalia  and Rinker, Tanja  and Roch, Maja  and Savić, Maja  and Slančová, Daniela  and Tsimpli, Ianthi Maria  and Ünal-Logacev, Özlem },
  issn         = {1554-351X},
  keyword      = {Words ,Age of acquisition, AoA,Cross-linguistic comparison,Subjective ratings},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1154--1177},
  publisher    = {The Psychonomic Society},
  series       = {Behavior Research Methods},
  title        = {Ratings of age of acquisition of 299 words across 25 languages : is there a cross-linguistic order of words?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-015-0636-6},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2016},
}