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Small bowel obstruction: early parameters predicting the need for surgical intervention

Isaksson, Karolin LU ; Weber, E.; Andersson, Roland LU and Tingstedt, Bobby LU (2011) In European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 37(2). p.155-159
Abstract
To study and identify early clinical and radiological findings that could help to predict operative intervention for small bowel obstruction. One hundred and nine consecutive patients with small bowel obstruction who underwent small bowel follow-through examination with Gastrografin(A (R)) during 2005-2006. The patients were divided into an operative group and a non-operative group, n = 44 and 65, respectively. Findings primarily noted were those which were possible to register within 1-4 h from hospital arrival. In univariate analyses, factors found to be significantly associated with surgical intervention were no prior abdominal surgery, the presence of radiological differential air fluid levels, and absence of flatulence 24 h prior to... (More)
To study and identify early clinical and radiological findings that could help to predict operative intervention for small bowel obstruction. One hundred and nine consecutive patients with small bowel obstruction who underwent small bowel follow-through examination with Gastrografin(A (R)) during 2005-2006. The patients were divided into an operative group and a non-operative group, n = 44 and 65, respectively. Findings primarily noted were those which were possible to register within 1-4 h from hospital arrival. In univariate analyses, factors found to be significantly associated with surgical intervention were no prior abdominal surgery, the presence of radiological differential air fluid levels, and absence of flatulence 24 h prior to admission, CRP > 10 mg/L and dehydration at admission. In multivariate analyses, the presence of dehydration and radiological differentiated air fluid levels were independent predictive factors of significance. Absence of all factors significantly favored non-operative treatment, while operative treatment was significantly favored when two or more factors were present. The presence of two or more early predictive factors as defined above, available at admission, significantly correlates with a likelihood of complete obstruction and the need of surgical intervention. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
* Predictive value * Small bowel obstruction * Differentiated air fluid * levels * Small bowel follow-through
in
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
volume
37
issue
2
pages
155 - 159
publisher
Urban & Vogel
external identifiers
  • wos:000289301100009
  • pmid:26814954
  • scopus:79953788732
ISSN
1863-9933
DOI
10.1007/s00068-010-0033-x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
af807728-409e-42f3-bcc7-08fc5fcd1cc9 (old id 1965747)
date added to LUP
2011-05-23 14:40:57
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:48:25
@article{af807728-409e-42f3-bcc7-08fc5fcd1cc9,
  abstract     = {To study and identify early clinical and radiological findings that could help to predict operative intervention for small bowel obstruction. One hundred and nine consecutive patients with small bowel obstruction who underwent small bowel follow-through examination with Gastrografin(A (R)) during 2005-2006. The patients were divided into an operative group and a non-operative group, n = 44 and 65, respectively. Findings primarily noted were those which were possible to register within 1-4 h from hospital arrival. In univariate analyses, factors found to be significantly associated with surgical intervention were no prior abdominal surgery, the presence of radiological differential air fluid levels, and absence of flatulence 24 h prior to admission, CRP > 10 mg/L and dehydration at admission. In multivariate analyses, the presence of dehydration and radiological differentiated air fluid levels were independent predictive factors of significance. Absence of all factors significantly favored non-operative treatment, while operative treatment was significantly favored when two or more factors were present. The presence of two or more early predictive factors as defined above, available at admission, significantly correlates with a likelihood of complete obstruction and the need of surgical intervention.},
  author       = {Isaksson, Karolin and Weber, E. and Andersson, Roland and Tingstedt, Bobby},
  issn         = {1863-9933},
  keyword      = {* Predictive value * Small bowel obstruction * Differentiated air fluid * levels * Small bowel follow-through},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {155--159},
  publisher    = {Urban & Vogel},
  series       = {European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery},
  title        = {Small bowel obstruction: early parameters predicting the need for surgical intervention},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-010-0033-x},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2011},
}