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Using the thermal mass of a building to reduce the magnitude of the peak power demand of the primary heating system : A whole building simulation with parametric analysis

Fransson, Victor LU ; Johansson, Dennis LU and Bagge, Hans LU (2016) Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings
Abstract
The idea of using the thermal mass of a building to maintain a more constant indoor climate is not new. This particular propertyof a building, including its exterior envelope, plays an important part in the reduction of peak power demands, which is becomingan increasingly urgent issue for the heating energy suppliers. The latest smart-grid technology creates new opportunities wherecommunication between customers and heating energy suppliers, and the resulting invoicing on a shorter time-basis, is concerned. Smart-grid technology can be used to lower the primary energy use as the magnitude of the power peaks and, consequently, theirimpacts can now be reduced. Reducing peak power demand will, however, impact the indoor temperature. At... (More)
The idea of using the thermal mass of a building to maintain a more constant indoor climate is not new. This particular propertyof a building, including its exterior envelope, plays an important part in the reduction of peak power demands, which is becomingan increasingly urgent issue for the heating energy suppliers. The latest smart-grid technology creates new opportunities wherecommunication between customers and heating energy suppliers, and the resulting invoicing on a shorter time-basis, is concerned. Smart-grid technology can be used to lower the primary energy use as the magnitude of the power peaks and, consequently, theirimpacts can now be reduced. Reducing peak power demand will, however, impact the indoor temperature. At present, there isa lack of knowledge regarding how different factors determine the magnitude and rate of temperature drop when power levelsare reduced. These factors include a combination of the heat transmittance, airtightness, and thermal mass of the exterior envelope,as well as the internal thermal mass of the building, the building services, and occupant behavior over time. In this study,the IDA-ICE building simulation software has been used to perform whole-year simulations of an existing apartment block with15 apartments. Different power reduction schemes were tested and the impact of variables, such as household electricity usage,occupancy levels, and outdoor climate, were analyzed. The influence of different building envelope parameters, including thermalcapacity, insulation levels, and airtightness, were also analyzed. The purpose of this study was to investigate how combinationsof these variables and parameters affected the indoor temperature drop during the different power reduction schemes. (Less)
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author
organization
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Contribution to conference
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published
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pages
8 pages
conference name
Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1eb17c6d-796a-4828-8b2a-8cf76d1fe543
alternative location
https://www.techstreet.com/ashrae/standards/using-the-thermal-mass-of-a-building-to-reduce-the-magnitude-of-the-peak-power-demand-of-the-primary-heating-system-a-whole-building-simulation-with-parametric-analysis?product_id=1941246
date added to LUP
2017-10-17 13:56:09
date last changed
2017-10-18 11:34:56
@misc{1eb17c6d-796a-4828-8b2a-8cf76d1fe543,
  abstract     = {The idea of using the thermal mass of a building to maintain a more constant indoor climate is not new. This particular propertyof a building, including its exterior envelope, plays an important part in the reduction of peak power demands, which is becomingan increasingly urgent issue for the heating energy suppliers. The latest smart-grid technology creates new opportunities wherecommunication between customers and heating energy suppliers, and the resulting invoicing on a shorter time-basis, is concerned. Smart-grid technology can be used to lower the primary energy use as the magnitude of the power peaks and, consequently, theirimpacts can now be reduced. Reducing peak power demand will, however, impact the indoor temperature. At present, there isa lack of knowledge regarding how different factors determine the magnitude and rate of temperature drop when power levelsare reduced. These factors include a combination of the heat transmittance, airtightness, and thermal mass of the exterior envelope,as well as the internal thermal mass of the building, the building services, and occupant behavior over time. In this study,the IDA-ICE building simulation software has been used to perform whole-year simulations of an existing apartment block with15 apartments. Different power reduction schemes were tested and the impact of variables, such as household electricity usage,occupancy levels, and outdoor climate, were analyzed. The influence of different building envelope parameters, including thermalcapacity, insulation levels, and airtightness, were also analyzed. The purpose of this study was to investigate how combinationsof these variables and parameters affected the indoor temperature drop during the different power reduction schemes.},
  author       = {Fransson, Victor and Johansson, Dennis and Bagge, Hans},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {Using the thermal mass of a building to reduce the magnitude of the peak power demand of the primary heating system : A whole building simulation with parametric analysis},
  year         = {2016},
}