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Exploring Coping Effectiveness and Optimism among Municipal Employees

Muhonen, Tuija LU and Torkelson, Eva LU (2011) In Psychology 2(6). p.584-589
Abstract
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between coping, optimism, psychological and physical well-being. The effectiveness of the different coping strategies and the role of optimism were investigated by analyzing how they predicted psychological and physical well-being. Altogether 136 municipal employees participated in a questionnaire study. The results showed that the most adaptive or effective coping strategy concerning psychological and physical well-being was acceptance, which can be classified as engagement coping. Ineffective strategies regarding psychological well-being included disengagement coping strategies such as sub- stance use, behavioral disengagement and self-blame. An ineffective strategy regarding... (More)
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between coping, optimism, psychological and physical well-being. The effectiveness of the different coping strategies and the role of optimism were investigated by analyzing how they predicted psychological and physical well-being. Altogether 136 municipal employees participated in a questionnaire study. The results showed that the most adaptive or effective coping strategy concerning psychological and physical well-being was acceptance, which can be classified as engagement coping. Ineffective strategies regarding psychological well-being included disengagement coping strategies such as sub- stance use, behavioral disengagement and self-blame. An ineffective strategy regarding physiological well-being was denial, which can be classified as a disengagement strategy. Optimism correlated significantly with both psychological and physical well-being. However, when all the variables in the model were included in the regression analysis, optimism explained additional variance in physical well-being but not in psychological well-being. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Coping, Optimism, Well-being
in
Psychology
volume
2
issue
6
pages
584 - 589
publisher
Scientific Research
ISSN
2152-7180
DOI
10.4236/psych.2011.26090
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a918e992-629d-40c8-8650-b5268219de2b (old id 2175280)
date added to LUP
2011-11-01 14:43:02
date last changed
2016-04-15 17:21:31
@article{a918e992-629d-40c8-8650-b5268219de2b,
  abstract     = {The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between coping, optimism, psychological and physical well-being. The effectiveness of the different coping strategies and the role of optimism were investigated by analyzing how they predicted psychological and physical well-being. Altogether 136 municipal employees participated in a questionnaire study. The results showed that the most adaptive or effective coping strategy concerning psychological and physical well-being was acceptance, which can be classified as engagement coping. Ineffective strategies regarding psychological well-being included disengagement coping strategies such as sub- stance use, behavioral disengagement and self-blame. An ineffective strategy regarding physiological well-being was denial, which can be classified as a disengagement strategy. Optimism correlated significantly with both psychological and physical well-being. However, when all the variables in the model were included in the regression analysis, optimism explained additional variance in physical well-being but not in psychological well-being.},
  author       = {Muhonen, Tuija and Torkelson, Eva},
  issn         = {2152-7180},
  keyword      = {Coping,Optimism,Well-being},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {584--589},
  publisher    = {Scientific Research},
  series       = {Psychology},
  title        = {Exploring Coping Effectiveness and Optimism among Municipal Employees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2011.26090},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2011},
}