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Childhood depression: teachers' and children's perceptions of the symptoms and causes of depression in Jordan

Tannous, Adel LU (2004) In Malmö Studies in Educational Sciences
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling är att fokusera på barndepressioner i Jordanien, och specifikt vad gäller förekomst, symptom och orsaker. En jordansk översättning av Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) har använts och resultatet visar att av 534 barn i åldrarna 11-12 år lider 33 av svår depression. I intervjuer med både lärare och de identifierade depressiva barnen framkommer olika orsaker till varför barnen är depressiva. Faktorer relaterade till hemmet (uppfostran, familjekonflikter, familjens ekonomiska status) och skolan (lärar-elev relationer, negativa attityder till skolan) lyfts fram som tänkbara orsaker.
Abstract
The purpose of this thesis is to scrutinise the situation of children with depression in Jordan. The Jordanian translation of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) is used in this study. The original sample on which the study tools were applied consisted of 534 children. The data was analysed according to the SPSS programme. The results of the study show that the Jordanian translation of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) has been shown to provide high internal reliability Cronbach’s alpha =0. 89. The results of this study indicate that by using a cut-off score of 19 or more 33 children with a prevalence rate of 6.5 % forms a group with severe depression and there are no significant differences between boys and girls in the... (More)
The purpose of this thesis is to scrutinise the situation of children with depression in Jordan. The Jordanian translation of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) is used in this study. The original sample on which the study tools were applied consisted of 534 children. The data was analysed according to the SPSS programme. The results of the study show that the Jordanian translation of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) has been shown to provide high internal reliability Cronbach’s alpha =0. 89. The results of this study indicate that by using a cut-off score of 19 or more 33 children with a prevalence rate of 6.5 % forms a group with severe depression and there are no significant differences between boys and girls in the prevalence of depression. The findings of this study also indicate that there are seven statistical significant differences between boys and girls in manifesting the symptoms of depression on the items of Children’s Depression Inventory. The comparisons indicated that girls exhibited suicidal ideation, feelings of wanting to cry difficulties in making up their mind and physical and vegetative symptoms such as change in appetite and sleep disturbance more often than boys do. The results of the study show that there is no single cause of depression and it is extremely difficult to separate the different causes. All the children in this study discuss how the environmental factors cause the depressed feelings. Children expressed different feelings and reactions in regard to having depressed feelings. From the analysis of the findings of the students’ interviews two major categories were found, which were related to the home and to the school factors. According to the home three subcategories were found: parental practices, family conflict and economic status. School factors are also considered as a major category according to the children’s interviews this factor also has three subcategories, which may be described as follows: teacher-student relationship, negative attitudes toward schools and limited school activities. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Professor Rihani, Sulieman
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Psychology, prevalence, symptoms, causes, school, family, Childhood, depression, Psykologi
in
Malmö Studies in Educational Sciences
pages
200 pages
publisher
Malmö University
defense location
Kristianstad
defense date
2004-06-07 10:15
ISSN
1651-4513
ISBN
91-85042-10-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
326d8100-a5d7-4514-92c9-78c7fa11f038 (old id 21783)
date added to LUP
2007-05-28 09:15:30
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:52
@phdthesis{326d8100-a5d7-4514-92c9-78c7fa11f038,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this thesis is to scrutinise the situation of children with depression in Jordan. The Jordanian translation of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) is used in this study. The original sample on which the study tools were applied consisted of 534 children. The data was analysed according to the SPSS programme. The results of the study show that the Jordanian translation of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) has been shown to provide high internal reliability Cronbach’s alpha =0. 89. The results of this study indicate that by using a cut-off score of 19 or more 33 children with a prevalence rate of 6.5 % forms a group with severe depression and there are no significant differences between boys and girls in the prevalence of depression. The findings of this study also indicate that there are seven statistical significant differences between boys and girls in manifesting the symptoms of depression on the items of Children’s Depression Inventory. The comparisons indicated that girls exhibited suicidal ideation, feelings of wanting to cry difficulties in making up their mind and physical and vegetative symptoms such as change in appetite and sleep disturbance more often than boys do. The results of the study show that there is no single cause of depression and it is extremely difficult to separate the different causes. All the children in this study discuss how the environmental factors cause the depressed feelings. Children expressed different feelings and reactions in regard to having depressed feelings. From the analysis of the findings of the students’ interviews two major categories were found, which were related to the home and to the school factors. According to the home three subcategories were found: parental practices, family conflict and economic status. School factors are also considered as a major category according to the children’s interviews this factor also has three subcategories, which may be described as follows: teacher-student relationship, negative attitudes toward schools and limited school activities.},
  author       = {Tannous, Adel},
  isbn         = {91-85042-10-2},
  issn         = {1651-4513},
  keyword      = {Psychology,prevalence,symptoms,causes,school,family,Childhood,depression,Psykologi},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {200},
  publisher    = {Malmö University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Malmö Studies in Educational Sciences},
  title        = {Childhood depression: teachers' and children's perceptions of the symptoms and causes of depression in Jordan},
  year         = {2004},
}