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Goffin's Cockatoos (Cacatua goffiniana) Can Solve a Novel Problem After Conflicting Past Experiences

Bobrowicz, Katarzyna LU orcid ; O'Hara, Mark ; Carminito, Chelsea ; Auersperg, Alice M. I. and Osvath, Mathias LU (2021) In Frontiers in Psychology
Abstract
Novel problems often partially overlap with familiar ones. Some features match the qualities of previous situations stored in long-term memory and therefore trigger their retrieval. Using relevant, while inhibiting irrelevant, memories to solve novel problems is a hallmark of behavioral flexibility in humans and has recently been demonstrated in great apes. This capacity has been proposed to promote technical innovativeness and thus warrants investigations of such a mechanism in other innovative species. Here, we show that proficient tool—users among Goffin's cockatoos—an innovative tool—using species—could use a relevant previous experience to solve a novel, partially overlapping problem, even despite a conflicting, potentially... (More)
Novel problems often partially overlap with familiar ones. Some features match the qualities of previous situations stored in long-term memory and therefore trigger their retrieval. Using relevant, while inhibiting irrelevant, memories to solve novel problems is a hallmark of behavioral flexibility in humans and has recently been demonstrated in great apes. This capacity has been proposed to promote technical innovativeness and thus warrants investigations of such a mechanism in other innovative species. Here, we show that proficient tool—users among Goffin's cockatoos—an innovative tool—using species—could use a relevant previous experience to solve a novel, partially overlapping problem, even despite a conflicting, potentially misleading, experience. This suggests that selecting relevant experiences over irrelevant experiences guides problem solving at least in some Goffin's cockatoos. Our result supports the hypothesis that flexible memory functions may promote technical innovations. (Less)
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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Animal cognition, Flexibility, Problem solving, Parrot, Cognition, Memory, Tool use, Innovation, Goffin's cockatoo, Executive functions
in
Frontiers in Psychology
article number
694719
publisher
Frontiers Media S. A.
external identifiers
  • pmid:34267713
  • scopus:85110358635
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694719
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
21dd8de2-d066-402c-be62-7395323a1854
date added to LUP
2021-07-27 20:03:06
date last changed
2022-06-07 18:49:46
@article{21dd8de2-d066-402c-be62-7395323a1854,
  abstract     = {{Novel problems often partially overlap with familiar ones. Some features match the qualities of previous situations stored in long-term memory and therefore trigger their retrieval. Using relevant, while inhibiting irrelevant, memories to solve novel problems is a hallmark of behavioral flexibility in humans and has recently been demonstrated in great apes. This capacity has been proposed to promote technical innovativeness and thus warrants investigations of such a mechanism in other innovative species. Here, we show that proficient tool—users among Goffin's cockatoos—an innovative tool—using species—could use a relevant previous experience to solve a novel, partially overlapping problem, even despite a conflicting, potentially misleading, experience. This suggests that selecting relevant experiences over irrelevant experiences guides problem solving at least in some Goffin's cockatoos. Our result supports the hypothesis that flexible memory functions may promote technical innovations.}},
  author       = {{Bobrowicz, Katarzyna and O'Hara, Mark and Carminito, Chelsea and Auersperg, Alice M. I. and Osvath, Mathias}},
  issn         = {{1664-1078}},
  keywords     = {{Animal cognition; Flexibility; Problem solving; Parrot; Cognition; Memory; Tool use; Innovation; Goffin's cockatoo; Executive functions}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{06}},
  publisher    = {{Frontiers Media S. A.}},
  series       = {{Frontiers in Psychology}},
  title        = {{Goffin's Cockatoos (Cacatua goffiniana) Can Solve a Novel Problem After Conflicting Past Experiences}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694719}},
  doi          = {{10.3389/fpsyg.2021.694719}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}