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Intake of fibre and plant foods and the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a large prospective cohort study in Sweden

Bergwall, Sara LU ; Acosta, Stefan LU and Sonestedt, Emily LU (2019) In European Journal of Nutrition
Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fibre, and plant foods, and its association with AAA risk. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, baseline data collection was carried out 1991–1996. The study participants’ (n = 26,133) dietary habits were extensively recorded at baseline. The specific diagnosis of AAA in the in-hospital registry was found valid in 95%. The association between plant foods, such as cereals and types of vegetables, and AAA was assessed by using Cox regression analysis expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A high intake of fibre was independently associated with AAA risk (HR per quintile 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97). High intake of... (More)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fibre, and plant foods, and its association with AAA risk. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, baseline data collection was carried out 1991–1996. The study participants’ (n = 26,133) dietary habits were extensively recorded at baseline. The specific diagnosis of AAA in the in-hospital registry was found valid in 95%. The association between plant foods, such as cereals and types of vegetables, and AAA was assessed by using Cox regression analysis expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A high intake of fibre was independently associated with AAA risk (HR per quintile 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97). High intake of vegetables (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84–0.98), specifically leaf vegetables (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.94), and fruits and berries (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82–0.96), citrus (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.85–0.98) and non-citrus fruits (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.95) were independently associated with a decreased AAA risk. Conclusions: A high intake of fruits and berries and vegetables, in particular leaf vegetables, are associated with a decreased risk of developing AAA.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Diet, Fibre, Fruits, Prospective study, Vegetables
in
European Journal of Nutrition
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85069521165
ISSN
1436-6207
DOI
10.1007/s00394-019-02054-w
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
235bdb75-b641-4b4e-b98e-ff6e8514a805
date added to LUP
2019-08-09 10:45:21
date last changed
2019-08-28 04:57:55
@article{235bdb75-b641-4b4e-b98e-ff6e8514a805,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fibre, and plant foods, and its association with AAA risk. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, baseline data collection was carried out 1991–1996. The study participants’ (n = 26,133) dietary habits were extensively recorded at baseline. The specific diagnosis of AAA in the in-hospital registry was found valid in 95%. The association between plant foods, such as cereals and types of vegetables, and AAA was assessed by using Cox regression analysis expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A high intake of fibre was independently associated with AAA risk (HR per quintile 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97). High intake of vegetables (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84–0.98), specifically leaf vegetables (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.94), and fruits and berries (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82–0.96), citrus (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.85–0.98) and non-citrus fruits (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.95) were independently associated with a decreased AAA risk. Conclusions: A high intake of fruits and berries and vegetables, in particular leaf vegetables, are associated with a decreased risk of developing AAA.</p>},
  author       = {Bergwall, Sara and Acosta, Stefan and Sonestedt, Emily},
  issn         = {1436-6207},
  keyword      = {Abdominal aortic aneurysm,Diet,Fibre,Fruits,Prospective study,Vegetables},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Intake of fibre and plant foods and the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a large prospective cohort study in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02054-w},
  year         = {2019},
}