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Intake of fibre and plant foods and the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a large prospective cohort study in Sweden

Bergwall, Sara LU ; Acosta, Stefan LU and Sonestedt, Emily LU (2020) In European Journal of Nutrition 59(5). p.2047-2056
Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fibre, and plant foods, and its association with AAA risk. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, baseline data collection was carried out 1991–1996. The study participants’ (n = 26,133) dietary habits were extensively recorded at baseline. The specific diagnosis of AAA in the in-hospital registry was found valid in 95%. The association between plant foods, such as cereals and types of vegetables, and AAA was assessed by using Cox regression analysis expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A high intake of fibre was independently associated with AAA risk (HR per quintile 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97). High intake of... (More)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fibre, and plant foods, and its association with AAA risk. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, baseline data collection was carried out 1991–1996. The study participants’ (n = 26,133) dietary habits were extensively recorded at baseline. The specific diagnosis of AAA in the in-hospital registry was found valid in 95%. The association between plant foods, such as cereals and types of vegetables, and AAA was assessed by using Cox regression analysis expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A high intake of fibre was independently associated with AAA risk (HR per quintile 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97). High intake of vegetables (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84–0.98), specifically leaf vegetables (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.94), and fruits and berries (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82–0.96), citrus (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.85–0.98) and non-citrus fruits (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.95) were independently associated with a decreased AAA risk. Conclusions: A high intake of fruits and berries and vegetables, in particular leaf vegetables, are associated with a decreased risk of developing AAA.

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type
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Diet, Fibre, Fruits, Prospective study, Vegetables
in
European Journal of Nutrition
volume
59
issue
5
pages
10 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85069521165
  • pmid:31332505
ISSN
1436-6207
DOI
10.1007/s00394-019-02054-w
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
235bdb75-b641-4b4e-b98e-ff6e8514a805
date added to LUP
2019-08-09 10:45:21
date last changed
2021-05-25 02:59:20
@article{235bdb75-b641-4b4e-b98e-ff6e8514a805,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate fibre, and plant foods, and its association with AAA risk. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, baseline data collection was carried out 1991–1996. The study participants’ (n = 26,133) dietary habits were extensively recorded at baseline. The specific diagnosis of AAA in the in-hospital registry was found valid in 95%. The association between plant foods, such as cereals and types of vegetables, and AAA was assessed by using Cox regression analysis expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: A high intake of fibre was independently associated with AAA risk (HR per quintile 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97). High intake of vegetables (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84–0.98), specifically leaf vegetables (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.94), and fruits and berries (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82–0.96), citrus (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.85–0.98) and non-citrus fruits (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81–0.95) were independently associated with a decreased AAA risk. Conclusions: A high intake of fruits and berries and vegetables, in particular leaf vegetables, are associated with a decreased risk of developing AAA.</p>},
  author       = {Bergwall, Sara and Acosta, Stefan and Sonestedt, Emily},
  issn         = {1436-6207},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {2047--2056},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Intake of fibre and plant foods and the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a large prospective cohort study in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-02054-w},
  doi          = {10.1007/s00394-019-02054-w},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2020},
}