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Applicability Of A Cognitive Model Of Worry To Children And Adolescents

Fialko, Laura; Bolton, Derek and Perrin, Sean LU (2012) In Behaviour Research and Therapy 50. p.341-349
Abstract
Background: Intolerance of uncertainly (IU), cognitive avoidance (CA) and positive beliefs about worry (PB) independently predict worry frequency in older adolescents and adults, and when targeted together in treatment produce significant reductions in both worry and anxiety in this age range. The present study addresses a gap in the literature by testing whether a cognitive model of excessive worry and anxiety incorporating these process variables is applicable to children and adolescents. Method: Primary and secondary school students (n=515; aged 7-19 years) completed modified self-report measures of worry frequency, anxiety, IU, CA and PB and a path analysis undertaken to test whether IU was a higher order variable for CA and PB and... (More)
Background: Intolerance of uncertainly (IU), cognitive avoidance (CA) and positive beliefs about worry (PB) independently predict worry frequency in older adolescents and adults, and when targeted together in treatment produce significant reductions in both worry and anxiety in this age range. The present study addresses a gap in the literature by testing whether a cognitive model of excessive worry and anxiety incorporating these process variables is applicable to children and adolescents. Method: Primary and secondary school students (n=515; aged 7-19 years) completed modified self-report measures of worry frequency, anxiety, IU, CA and PB and a path analysis undertaken to test whether IU was a higher order variable for CA and PB and whether the relationship between IU/CA/PB and anxiety was mediated by worry frequency. Results: Significant (bivariate) correlations were observed between the measures of IU, PB, CA, worry and anxiety across the age range. However separate path models had to be fitted for children (aged 7-12 years) and adolescents (aged 13-19) with PB being dropped from the child model. CA was related to anxiety only through worry in children while IU showed direct paths to worry and anxiety in both children and adolescents. Conclusions: Cognitive models of persistent worry in adults and older adolescents may, with some modification, have applicability to children. Further testing and refinement of these cognitive models of worry may lead to improvements in existing treatments for anxious youth. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
childhood worry, cognitive model of worry, intolerance of uncertainty
in
Behaviour Research and Therapy
volume
50
pages
341 - 349
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84859605489
ISSN
1873-622X
DOI
10.1016/j.brat.2012.02.003
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
52b0909c-10d0-4729-8dd7-07a3c07cf0c4 (old id 2369199)
date added to LUP
2012-03-30 13:55:05
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:07:29
@article{52b0909c-10d0-4729-8dd7-07a3c07cf0c4,
  abstract     = {Background: Intolerance of uncertainly (IU), cognitive avoidance (CA) and positive beliefs about worry (PB) independently predict worry frequency in older adolescents and adults, and when targeted together in treatment produce significant reductions in both worry and anxiety in this age range. The present study addresses a gap in the literature by testing whether a cognitive model of excessive worry and anxiety incorporating these process variables is applicable to children and adolescents. Method: Primary and secondary school students (n=515; aged 7-19 years) completed modified self-report measures of worry frequency, anxiety, IU, CA and PB and a path analysis undertaken to test whether IU was a higher order variable for CA and PB and whether the relationship between IU/CA/PB and anxiety was mediated by worry frequency. Results: Significant (bivariate) correlations were observed between the measures of IU, PB, CA, worry and anxiety across the age range. However separate path models had to be fitted for children (aged 7-12 years) and adolescents (aged 13-19) with PB being dropped from the child model. CA was related to anxiety only through worry in children while IU showed direct paths to worry and anxiety in both children and adolescents. Conclusions: Cognitive models of persistent worry in adults and older adolescents may, with some modification, have applicability to children. Further testing and refinement of these cognitive models of worry may lead to improvements in existing treatments for anxious youth.},
  author       = {Fialko, Laura and Bolton, Derek and Perrin, Sean},
  issn         = {1873-622X},
  keyword      = {childhood worry,cognitive model of worry,intolerance of uncertainty},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {341--349},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Behaviour Research and Therapy},
  title        = {Applicability Of A Cognitive Model Of Worry To Children And Adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2012.02.003},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2012},
}