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Understanding one's body and movements from the perspective of young adults with autism : A mixed-methods study

Bertilsson, Ingrid LU ; Gyllensten, Amanda Lundvik LU ; Opheim, Arve; Gard, Gunvor LU and Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina LU (2018) In Research in Developmental Disabilities 78. p.44-54
Abstract

Background: There are but a few studies of how persons with autism perceive their bodies and movements. Difficulties in perceiving the surrounding world along with disturbed motor coordination and executive functions may affect physical and psychological development. Aims: To explore the experiences of body and movements in young adults with autism and how two physiotherapeutic instruments may capture these experiences. Procedures: Eleven young adults (16–22 years) with autism were interviewed and assessed using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2) and Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E). Following a mixed- methods design, the interviews were deductively analyzed and conceptually integrated to... (More)

Background: There are but a few studies of how persons with autism perceive their bodies and movements. Difficulties in perceiving the surrounding world along with disturbed motor coordination and executive functions may affect physical and psychological development. Aims: To explore the experiences of body and movements in young adults with autism and how two physiotherapeutic instruments may capture these experiences. Procedures: Eleven young adults (16–22 years) with autism were interviewed and assessed using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2) and Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E). Following a mixed- methods design, the interviews were deductively analyzed and conceptually integrated to the results of the two assessments. Results: Experiencing conflicting feelings about their bodies/movements, led to low understanding of themselves. The assessments captured these experiences relatively well, presenting both movement quality and quantity. Positive experiences and better movement quality related to having access to more functional daily strategies. Conclusion: Combining motor proficiency and body awareness assessments was optimal to understand the participants’ experiences. Implications: To capture body and movement functions in persons with autism in this standardized manner will lead to improved and reliable diagnoses, tailored interventions, increased body awareness and activity, and enhanced quality of life.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Autistic disorder, Body image, Body-mind relation, Movement
in
Research in Developmental Disabilities
volume
78
pages
11 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85047079549
ISSN
0891-4222
DOI
10.1016/j.ridd.2018.05.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
23863ca9-b84a-4a72-aadb-d3167986d75b
date added to LUP
2018-05-29 14:05:24
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:17:26
@article{23863ca9-b84a-4a72-aadb-d3167986d75b,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: There are but a few studies of how persons with autism perceive their bodies and movements. Difficulties in perceiving the surrounding world along with disturbed motor coordination and executive functions may affect physical and psychological development. Aims: To explore the experiences of body and movements in young adults with autism and how two physiotherapeutic instruments may capture these experiences. Procedures: Eleven young adults (16–22 years) with autism were interviewed and assessed using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2) and Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E). Following a mixed- methods design, the interviews were deductively analyzed and conceptually integrated to the results of the two assessments. Results: Experiencing conflicting feelings about their bodies/movements, led to low understanding of themselves. The assessments captured these experiences relatively well, presenting both movement quality and quantity. Positive experiences and better movement quality related to having access to more functional daily strategies. Conclusion: Combining motor proficiency and body awareness assessments was optimal to understand the participants’ experiences. Implications: To capture body and movement functions in persons with autism in this standardized manner will lead to improved and reliable diagnoses, tailored interventions, increased body awareness and activity, and enhanced quality of life.</p>},
  author       = {Bertilsson, Ingrid and Gyllensten, Amanda Lundvik and Opheim, Arve and Gard, Gunvor and Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina},
  issn         = {0891-4222},
  keyword      = {Autistic disorder,Body image,Body-mind relation,Movement},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  pages        = {44--54},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research in Developmental Disabilities},
  title        = {Understanding one's body and movements from the perspective of young adults with autism : A mixed-methods study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.05.002},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {2018},
}