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Body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution related to cardiovascular risk factors in pre-pubertal children.

Dencker, Magnus LU ; Wollmer, Per LU ; Karlsson, Magnus LU ; Lindén, Christian LU ; Andersen, Lars B and Thorsson, Ola LU (2012) In Acta Pædiatrica 101(8).
Abstract
Aim We analysed whether total body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution are associated with higher composite risk factor scores for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in young children. Methods Cross-sectional study of 238 children aged 8-11 years. Total body fat (TBF) and abdominal fat mass (AFM) were measured by DXA. TBF was expressed as a percentage of body weight (BF%). Body fat distribution was calculated as AFM/TBF. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2PEAK) ), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), and resting heart rate (RHR) were measured. Mean artery pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) were calculated. Left atrial diameter (LA) was measured, and left ventricular mass (LVM) and relative wall thickness (RWT) were calculated.... (More)
Aim We analysed whether total body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution are associated with higher composite risk factor scores for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in young children. Methods Cross-sectional study of 238 children aged 8-11 years. Total body fat (TBF) and abdominal fat mass (AFM) were measured by DXA. TBF was expressed as a percentage of body weight (BF%). Body fat distribution was calculated as AFM/TBF. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2PEAK) ), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), and resting heart rate (RHR) were measured. Mean artery pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) were calculated. Left atrial diameter (LA) was measured, and left ventricular mass (LVM) and relative wall thickness (RWT) were calculated. Z-scores were calculated. Sum of z-scores for SBP, DBP, MAP, PP, RHR, LVM, LA, RWT, and -VO(2PEAK) were calculated in boys and girls, separately, and used as composite risk factor score. Results Pearson correlations between ln BF%, ln AFM and AFM/TBF versus composite risk factor score for boys were r=0.56, r=0.59, and r=0.48, all P<0.001, and for girls r=0.45, r=0.50, and r=0.48, all P<0.001. Conclusion Total body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution were all associated with higher composite risk factor scores for CVD in young children. © 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cardiovascular disease risk factors, Body fat, Dual-energy X-ray, absorptiometry
in
Acta Pædiatrica
volume
101
issue
8
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • pmid:22452521
  • wos:000306398200028
  • scopus:84863833120
ISSN
1651-2227
DOI
10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012.02681.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d70caac8-fdde-4e5a-b4af-765925a71969 (old id 2431409)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22452521?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-04-03 13:58:48
date last changed
2017-08-27 03:16:48
@article{d70caac8-fdde-4e5a-b4af-765925a71969,
  abstract     = {Aim We analysed whether total body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution are associated with higher composite risk factor scores for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in young children. Methods Cross-sectional study of 238 children aged 8-11 years. Total body fat (TBF) and abdominal fat mass (AFM) were measured by DXA. TBF was expressed as a percentage of body weight (BF%). Body fat distribution was calculated as AFM/TBF. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2PEAK) ), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), and resting heart rate (RHR) were measured. Mean artery pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) were calculated. Left atrial diameter (LA) was measured, and left ventricular mass (LVM) and relative wall thickness (RWT) were calculated. Z-scores were calculated. Sum of z-scores for SBP, DBP, MAP, PP, RHR, LVM, LA, RWT, and -VO(2PEAK) were calculated in boys and girls, separately, and used as composite risk factor score. Results Pearson correlations between ln BF%, ln AFM and AFM/TBF versus composite risk factor score for boys were r=0.56, r=0.59, and r=0.48, all P&lt;0.001, and for girls r=0.45, r=0.50, and r=0.48, all P&lt;0.001. Conclusion Total body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution were all associated with higher composite risk factor scores for CVD in young children. © 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.},
  author       = {Dencker, Magnus and Wollmer, Per and Karlsson, Magnus and Lindén, Christian and Andersen, Lars B and Thorsson, Ola},
  issn         = {1651-2227},
  keyword      = {Cardiovascular disease risk factors,Body fat,Dual-energy X-ray,absorptiometry},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Acta Pædiatrica},
  title        = {Body fat, abdominal fat and body fat distribution related to cardiovascular risk factors in pre-pubertal children.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2012.02681.x},
  volume       = {101},
  year         = {2012},
}