Advanced

The effect of response style on self-reported conscientiousness across 20 countries.

Mõttus, René; Allik, Jüri; Realo, Anu; Rossier, Jérôme; Zecca, Gregory; Ah-Kion, Jennifer; Amoussou-Yéyé, Dénis; Bäckström, Martin LU ; Barkauskiene, Rasa and Barry, Oumar, et al. (2012) In Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin 38(11). p.1423-1436
Abstract
Rankings of countries on mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness continue to puzzle researchers. Based on the hypothesis that cross-cultural differences in the tendency to prefer extreme response categories of ordinal rating scales over moderate categories can influence the comparability of self-reports, this study investigated possible effects of response style on the mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness in 22 samples from 20 countries. Extreme and neutral responding were estimated based on respondents’ ratings of 30 hypothetical people described in short vignettes. In the vignette ratings, clear cross-sample differences in extreme and neutral responding emerged. These responding style differences were correlated with... (More)
Rankings of countries on mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness continue to puzzle researchers. Based on the hypothesis that cross-cultural differences in the tendency to prefer extreme response categories of ordinal rating scales over moderate categories can influence the comparability of self-reports, this study investigated possible effects of response style on the mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness in 22 samples from 20 countries. Extreme and neutral responding were estimated based on respondents’ ratings of 30 hypothetical people described in short vignettes. In the vignette ratings, clear cross-sample differences in extreme and neutral responding emerged. These responding style differences were correlated with mean self-reported Conscientiousness scores. Correcting self-reports for extreme and neutral responding changed sample rankings of Conscientiousness, as well as the predictive validities of these rankings for external criteria. The findings suggest that the puzzling country rankings of self-reported Conscientiousness may to some extent result from differences in response styles. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
@article{b4517fdc-0bd2-417c-9b68-8af17ab1aeeb,
  abstract     = {Rankings of countries on mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness continue to puzzle researchers. Based on the hypothesis that cross-cultural differences in the tendency to prefer extreme response categories of ordinal rating scales over moderate categories can influence the comparability of self-reports, this study investigated possible effects of response style on the mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness in 22 samples from 20 countries. Extreme and neutral responding were estimated based on respondents’ ratings of 30 hypothetical people described in short vignettes. In the vignette ratings, clear cross-sample differences in extreme and neutral responding emerged. These responding style differences were correlated with mean self-reported Conscientiousness scores. Correcting self-reports for extreme and neutral responding changed sample rankings of Conscientiousness, as well as the predictive validities of these rankings for external criteria. The findings suggest that the puzzling country rankings of self-reported Conscientiousness may to some extent result from differences in response styles.},
  author       = {Mõttus, René and Allik, Jüri and Realo, Anu and Rossier, Jérôme and Zecca, Gregory and Ah-Kion, Jennifer and Amoussou-Yéyé, Dénis and Bäckström, Martin and Barkauskiene, Rasa and Barry, Oumar and Bhowon, Uma and Björklund, Fredrik and Bochaver, Aleksandra and Bochaver, Konstantin and de Bruin, Gideon and Cabrera, Helena F. and Xiaohua Chen, Sylvia and Church, A. Timothy and Cissé, Daouda Dougoumalé and Dahourou, Donatien and Feng, Xiaohang and Guan, Yanjun and Hwang, Hyi-Sung and Idris, Fazilah and Katigbak, Marcia S. and Kuppens, Peter and Kwiatkowska, Anna and Laurinavicius, Alfredas and Mastor, Kairul Anwar and Matsumoto, David and Riemann, Rainer and Schug, Joanna and Simpson, Brian and Tseung-Wong, Caroline Ng and Johnson, Wendy},
  issn         = {0146-1672},
  keyword      = {personality,Conscientiousness,extreme responding,response style,cross-cultural},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1423--1436},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin},
  title        = {The effect of response style on self-reported conscientiousness across 20 countries.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167212451275},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2012},
}